76 views

Uploaded by Hany ElGezawy

Physics

- igcse-62-electricmotors&electromagneticinduction
- igcse-31-propertiesofwaves
- Igcse 11 Movement&Position
- Igcse 23 Current&Voltageincircuits
- igcse-21-mainselectricity
- Igcse 14 Momentum
- igcse-41-energytransfers
- Igcse 51 Density&Pressure
- As h 11b Quarks&Leptons
- Igcse 33 Lightwaves
- Igcse 43 Work&Power
- igcse-24-electricalresistance
- Igcse 61 Magnetism&Electromagnetism
- igcse-42-thermalenergy
- Igcse 72 Radiation&Halflife
- Igcse 16 Astronomy
- igcse-22-electriccharge
- As Physics
- igcse-44-energyresources&electricitygeneration
- Igcse 52 Solidsliquids&Gases

You are on page 1of 23

Edexcel IGCSE Physics pages 42 to 48

Content applying to Triple Science only is shown in red type on the next slide and is indicated on subsequent slides by TRIPLE ONLY June 17th 2012

Edexcel Specification

Section 1: Forces and motion c) Forces, movement, shape and momentum know and use the relationship: moment = force perpendicular distance from the pivot know that the weight of a body acts through its centre of gravity know and use the principle of moments for a simple system of parallel forces acting in one plane understand that the upward forces on a light beam, supported at its ends, vary with the position of a heavy object placed on the beam

Also known as the turning effect of a force. The moment of a force about any point is defined as: moment = force x perpendicular distance from the pivot moment = F x d Unit: newton-metre (Nm) Moments can be either CLOCKWISE or ANTICLOCKWISE

Force F exerting an ANTICLOCKWISE moment through the spanner on the nut

Question

Calculate the moment exerted with the claw hammer if the person exerts a force of 80N and distance d equals 25cm. moment = F x d = 80N x 25cm = 80N x 0.25m = 20 Nm CLOCKWISE

Answers Complete:

Force (N) 40

200 50 50 3000

Distance 3m

5m m 4m 20 cm

1000 200 600 600

Question

Choose appropriate words to fill in the gaps below:

turning The moment of a force is another name for the ________ effect of force.

force The moment of a force is equal to the ________ multiplied by distance between the line of ________ action the perpendicular _________ of the force and the turning point.

moments __________ can be either clockwise or anticlockwise. WORD SELECTION: moments force distance newton turning action

Centre of gravity

The centre of gravity of a body is that point at which the weight of the body acts.

Centre of gravity is also sometimes called centre of mass.

If suspended, a body will come to rest with its centre of gravity directly below the point of suspension.

Centre of gravity

Pierce the card in at least two places. Suspend the card from one of these holes. Hang a plumbline from the point of suspension. Using the plumbline as a reference draw a vertical line on the card. Repeat for the other hole(s). The centre of gravity is where the lines cross on the card.

Centre of gravity

Stability

Centre of gravity Centre of gravity Centre of gravity

stable

balanced

unstable - toppling

A body is stable as long as its centre of gravity remains vertically above its base. If this is not the case, the body will topple.

Question

What factors make a modern racing car as stable as possible?

TRIPLE ONLY

When an object is not turning (e.g. balanced): The total clockwise moment equals the total anticlockwise moment

clockwise moment = anticlockwise moment W2 x d 2 = W 1 x d 1

TRIPLE ONLY

Question 1

On a see-saw Mary, weight 600N balances John, weight 200N when she sits 1.5m away from the pivot. How far from the pivot is John?

Marys weight x distance = Johns weight x distance 600N x 1.5m = 200N x distance

900 200 = distance John is 4.5m from the pivot

TRIPLE ONLY

Question 2

Calculate the weight of the beam, W0 if it is balanced when: W1 = 6N; d1 = 12 cm; d0 = 36 cm.

TRIPLE ONLY

W1 5N 4N d1 20 cm 15 cm W2 10 N 6N d2 10 cm 10 cm

6N

8N N 8

12 cm cm 12

25 cm

2N

2N

36 cm

100 cm

TRIPLE ONLY

Column A

Column B

When the lorry is at the centre of the bridge its weight will be supported equally by the two columns A and B.

12 000N

12 000N

TRIPLE ONLY

Column A

Column B

When the lorry was over columns A all of its weight would have been supported by this column

24 000N

TRIPLE ONLY

Column A

Column B

When the lorry is the way across the bridge column B will bear of its weight. Column A bears the remaining .

6 000N 18 000N

TRIPLE ONLY

What are the column forces when the lorry is one third the way across the bridge?

Column A

Column B

8 000N 16 000N

TRIPLE ONLY

Question

Choose appropriate words to fill in the gaps below:

force moment of The turning effect of a ________ is also called the ________ newton metres. a force. Moment is measured in _________ equal If a body is balanced the total clockwise moment is _______ to anticlockwise moment. the total ____________

stable if its centre of gravity lies vertically A body will be _______ base above the _______ of the body. A tractor has a large wheel base toppling to reduce the possibility of it __________.

WORD SELECTION: toppling anticlockwise stable newton force moment

equal

base

Online Simulations

Balanced beam with precise placement - Freezeway.com Arm movement distance multiplication - Freezeway.com Balancing challenge- Freezeway.com Levers ringing a bell - Freezeway.com See-saw forces - uses g - NTNU Lever - Fendt Centre of mass - Explore Science Stability of a block - NTNU Blocks and centre of gravity - NTNU BBC KS3 Bitesize Revision: Moments - includes formula triangle applet

TRIPLE ONLY

Notes questions from pages 42 to 48

1. 2. 3. Give the equation for the moment of a force and state its unit. (see page 43) What is meant by centre of gravity? (see page 44) (a) What condition must apply for a sea-saw to be balanced? (b) How far away from the pivot must Jane, weight 400N sit in order to balance George, weight 600N who is 2m from the pivot? (see pages 41 and 42) A bridge is supported by two columns. Describe how the forces in the columns vary as a bus crosses the bridge. (see page 47) Describe how to find the centre of gravity of a piece of card. (see page 45) How is centre of gravity related to the stability of an object? (see page 46) Answer the questions on page 48. Verify that you can do all of the items listed in the end of chapter checklist on page 48.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

DOUBLE ONLY

Notes questions from pages 42 to 48

1. Give the equation for the moment of a force and state its unit. (see page 43) 2. What is meant by centre of gravity? (see page 44) 3. Describe how to find the centre of gravity of a piece of card. (see page 45) 4. How is centre of gravity related to the stability of an object? (see page 46) 5. Answer question 1 on page 48.

- igcse-62-electricmotors&electromagneticinductionUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- igcse-31-propertiesofwavesUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 11 Movement&PositionUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 23 Current&VoltageincircuitsUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- igcse-21-mainselectricityUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 14 MomentumUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- igcse-41-energytransfersUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 51 Density&PressureUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- As h 11b Quarks&LeptonsUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 33 LightwavesUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 43 Work&PowerUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- igcse-24-electricalresistanceUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 61 Magnetism&ElectromagnetismUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- igcse-42-thermalenergyUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 72 Radiation&HalflifeUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 16 AstronomyUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- igcse-22-electricchargeUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- As PhysicsUploaded byGhadaYousefAwad
- igcse-44-energyresources&electricitygenerationUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 52 Solidsliquids&GasesUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- IGCSE Thermal Physics WorksheetUploaded bygdsuta
- Igcse 13 Forces&MovementUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 12 Forces&ShapeUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 74 ParticlesUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Physics IgcseUploaded byLilly Swift
- igcse-73-applicationsofradioactivityUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 34 SoundUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Igcse 71 Atoms&RadioactivityUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- As h 21d Workenergy&PowerUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- igcse-32-usingwavesUploaded byHany ElGezawy

- 0625_w15_qp_33Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Essential Fashion Illustration DigitalUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Essential Fashion Illustration Essential Color and MediumUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Essential Fashion Illustration MenUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_m15_ms_62Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- Essential Fashion Illustration DetailsUploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_qp_63Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_qp_62Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_ms_63Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_ms_31Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_qp_61Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_qp_32Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_ms_32Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_ms_62Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_qp_31Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_qp_13Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_m15_ms_52Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_m15_qp_62Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_qp_12Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_qp_11Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_ms_11Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_ms_13Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_ms_61Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_ms_33Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_m15_qp_22Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_m15_qp_32Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_w15_ms_12Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_m15_qp_52Uploaded byHany ElGezawy
- 0625_m15_qp_12Uploaded byHany ElGezawy

- Atlantis Rising Magazine 01Uploaded byGeorge S. Donnellan
- day_34Uploaded byAnkit Verma
- blackholeUploaded byFranklin Rambally
- Physics 2000 and Calculus 2000Uploaded bycienciaenatureza
- Ch22 h1 SolutionsUploaded byld393563
- Mechanics ExamsUploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Calculus Base PhysicsUploaded byJulio
- Balanced and Unbalanced ForcesUploaded bySrini Einstein
- gravityUploaded byapi-298522270
- 106資優特訓班Uploaded byuta
- Ken Wheeler - MagnetismUploaded byshankman
- Science in Islam - Black Hole SingularityUploaded byNael
- A Set 05042019 Tp SinghUploaded byTejinder Singh
- PhysicsUploaded byrose
- Zwick Gravity ModelUploaded byBen Liu
- Acceleration due to gravity labUploaded byafghansher
- IB Physics Definitions CopyUploaded byCathee Zheng
- James Ang's Really Useful PSLE Science Word-ListUploaded bydhana_lakshmi_32
- IPMM 2012 Paper - Simulation of Autonomous Mine Haulage TrucksUploaded bygiporepe
- Differential EquationsUploaded byjad_32004
- hodographUploaded byMani Kandan
- Kinematics Problems Set3 Solutions 2jygpyjUploaded bysam_roy124
- Hypersphere Cosmology by Peter J CarrollUploaded byhodmedodvortez
- The Electric VocabularyUploaded byDagoel Sriyansyah
- Physics Chapter 5Uploaded byJamie Nguyen
- Rasmuson a., Andersson B., Olsson L., Andersson R.-mathematical Modeling in Chemical Engineering-CUP (2014)Uploaded bymehr1384
- 22.Origin of Modern AstronomyUploaded byChristine Valerio
- 9305011.pdfUploaded bygm
- Teacher Guide Activity 2 AccelerationUploaded byCanada Railway Times
- Principles of AnimationUploaded byeira2vestrheim