‫يكفي ‪ ..‬سرعة‬ ‫يكفي ‪ ..‬قطع اإلشارة‬ ‫يكفي ‪ ..

‬مخالفات‬ ‫مرورية‬

‫يكفي ‪ ..‬سرعة‬ ‫يكفي ‪ ..‬قطع اإلشارة‬ ‫يكفي ‪ ..‬مخالفات‬ ‫مرورية‬

‫‪Done By:‬‬

‫‪Hisham Al-Essa‬‬
‫‪Nawaf Al-Mutairi‬‬ ‫‪Mohnad Al-Shrif‬‬

Content:
- Introduction.
- Number of causalities of Car Accidents in KSA & Riyadh. - The causes of car accidents. - First Aid.

- Traumas in car accidents. - Pevention.

Do you know
• Every year more than 1.17 million people die in road crashes around the world • Many people are killed or disabled in traffic accidents. • Saudi Arabia has one of the world’s worst records on road safety. • Our economical losses due to traffic accidents reach about SR 21 billion a year?!

• One person is killed and eight are injured every two hours on Saudi roads.

• Road traffic accidents affect road users of all ages .

Who are most affected by R.A? drivers motorcyclists passengers cyclists pedestrians .T.

as at home At Work Sport Injuries .g.Traffic accidents are more dangerous than other types of accidents e. Industrial accidents At Park holiday.

g. Traffic Police and Ambulance .• Road Traffic Accidents are managed by Emergency Vehicles e.

03%‬‬ ‫سبب الحادث‬ .00%‬‬ ‫‪10.‫‪Risk factor that cause accident‬‬ ‫‪100%‬‬ ‫‪80%‬‬ ‫النسبة ‪%‬‬ ‫‪60%‬‬ ‫‪40%‬‬ ‫‪20%‬‬ ‫‪0%‬‬ ‫السرعة الزائدة‬ ‫دوران غير‬ ‫نظامي‬ ‫تجاوز غير‬ ‫نظامي‬ ‫عدم التقيد‬ ‫بإشارات‬ ‫المرور‬ ‫توقف غير‬ ‫نظامي‬ ‫السائق تحت‬ ‫تأثير مسكر أو‬ ‫مخدر‬ ‫اسباب أخرى‬ ‫‪34.70%‬‬ ‫‪0.25%‬‬ ‫‪10.71%‬‬ ‫‪28.05%‬‬ ‫‪5.25%‬‬ ‫‪11.

A Study of number of causalities of Car Accidents in KSA Year1422H 305649 Record Injured Died Year1423H 223816 Record Injured Died Years1424H 261872 Record Injured Died 28379 3913 28372 4161 30439 4293 .

A Study of number of causalities of Car Accidents in Riyadh Year 2005 37607 record Injured Died 1308 191 Years 2004 44681 record Injured Died 1961 390 Years 2003 48999 record Injured Died 863 394 .

seat belt not used. old driver . particularly the tires and the brakes . • Poor car maintenance. young driver.The causes for this increase in traffic accidents • Aggressive driving behavior such as high speed and not obeying traffic signals . drinking .

) • Disregard for warning. regulatory and guide signs erected to facilitate the drivers' mission and safety of road users. leading to more congested traffic.The causes for this increase in traffic accidents (cont. . • The number of cars is increasing.

) • Road conditions. ice.The causes for this increase in traffic accidents (cont. or snow making the roads slippery . including foreign obstacles or substances on the road surface. rain . .

Head – on collisions V. Level crossing accidents .Types of accidents • Car accidents fall into several major categories : I. Single-car accident VI. Rear-end collisions II. Rollovers IV. Side collisions III.

the Event of a Traffic Accident .

The Aims of First Aid • Preserve Life • Prevent the condition getting worse • Promote recovery .

Your responsibilities as a First Aider at Work are: • Safety for yourself and other people • To perform the recognized and approved First Aid techniques • Keeping records and reporting in accordance with local instructions • Keeping up to date with knowledge and training .

The contents of a Health and Safety Executive (HSE) approved First Aid Kit are very basic: • • • • • • • Dressings Bandages Eye Pads Pins Plasters Pair of disposable gloves Guidance Sheet .

The First Examination Your First Examination consists of 5 stages: D = Check for and deal with any Danger R = Check patient's Response A = Open the Airway B = Check Breathing C = Check Circulation .

and check his breathing. . If you find that he is breathing. your major concern is to protect his airway.• As the second stage of your First Examination • you check for your patient's response conscious or unconscious? • If your patient is unconscious you will need to open his airway.

Bleeding: Arterial bleeding Bright red blood .Hard to control Venus bleeding Dark blood .Sever .Steady flow .Slow bleeding .High risk to infection Capillary ___________ bleeding .Easy to control .

.First Aid for bleeding is intended to: • • • • Stop the bleeding Prevent infection Prevent shock Start IV fluids if available.

Direct pressure on the wound .Pressure bandage .How to control bleeding? .Pressure at a pressure point (brachial artery on the arm and femoral artery) .

Suspected back injury: Carry the patient without bending..Fractures: Immobilize fractures . .

bruises and whiplash to broken bones. limb loss.• The injuries suffered in crashes can range from : ((cuts. spinal injuries. head injuries and internal injuries )) .

These are approximations of what is commonly awarded for similar injuries .

Head injuries .Facial injuries .Spinal injuries .Traumas in car accidents:.Internal organ injuries .

broken bones. a dislocated jaw or eye injuries.Facial injuries • These injuries are usually caused by either assault or road crashes • Facial injuries can include cuts or punctures to the skin. • Windscreen glass is one of the greatest dangers to the eyes ))can result in permanent loss of vision (( .

• The vertebral column acts like a telephone cable . .Spinal injuries • Road traffic accidents account for the largest cause of spinal cord injuries worldwide.sending messages of feeling and sensation to the brain. • The spinal cord runs through the bones of the spine called the vertebrae.

depending on the extent of the damage a person will either be partially or completely paralyzed from the point of damage or lesion.• The brain converts them into responses such as pain or movement • When the spinal cord is injured or severed these messages are interrupted or cannot get through at all. .

The largest group of people with brain injury is men aged 15-29 who have been in road crashes.Head injuries • Road crashes account for 40% to 50% of all brain injuries and are most commonly associated with severe injuries. .

• The death rate following traumatic brain injury is approximately 9 per 1. which leaves many survivors with a lifetime of challenges with a brain injury .000.

• The impact from road crashes can also lead to internal bleeding. .Internal organ injuries • Crashes can cause massive serious internal injuries.

losing a leg or an arm is a difficult thing to imagine.Limb loss • For most people. But it can and does happen in road crashes .

some technical solutions are becoming more widely available to prevent accidents .Accident prevention • Although many accidents are caused by behavior that is difficult to alter. or by road conditions. by mechanical failure.

• Strategies that increase the use of seat belts or child restraints will result in fewer injuries • Stricter enforcement of speed limits will result in fewer injuries .• Avoiding alcohol before driving prevents road traffic accidents.

• Roadside guardrails (crash barriers) and crash cushions will reduce injury severity.• Road Design should be improved . • Permanently switched on lights on cars can reduce daytime road traffic accidents • Road safety education for children .

recruitment visas and exitre-entry visas will also be dependent on the payment of outstanding traffic fines.• According to the new traffic rules in KSA and regulations. the police will withhold driving licenses when violations accumulate to a certain number of points. . The insurance of passports.

3-……………. 6……………………………………… . 2-…………..• • • • • • • What are the prevention and treatment ? 1-…………. 4-………………… 5………………………..

.

http://www.ALNASRYAH Traffic Department . .Resources: • • “WHO” web site.org.trafficsafety.sa/statistics. .htm .Ministry of Health web site.

THANK’S FOR ALL .

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