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GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES

Presented by: D. Leela Manohar 000RDP131404 Institute of Research and Development, Gujarat Forensic Sciences University.

PREMISES
Location Design Plant layout Construction Environmental control Plumbing Sewage and Refuse Maintenance and Sanitation Utilities

GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES

PRINCIPLE
Premises must be located to minimize risks of cross-contamination, e.g. not located next to a malting factory with high airborne levels of yeast

GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES

LOCATION
Geography, climate, noise and economic factors Neighbours What do they do? What impact can they have on the business? Pollution/effluent control Minimum risk for contamination of products and materials

GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES

PLANT LAYOUT
The layout and design should aim to: Minimize risks of errors Permit effective cleaning Permit effective maintenance

Avoid cross-contamination, build-up of dirt and dust


Avoid any adverse effect on the quality of products

GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES

GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FEATURES


a) Any building used in the manufacturing processing, packing, or holding of a drug product shall be of suitable size, construction, and location to facilitate cleaning, maintenance and proper operations. Any such building shall have adequate space for the orderly placement of equipment and materials to prevent mix-ups between different components, drug product containers, closures, labelling, in-process materials, or drug products and to prevent contamination. There shall be a separate or defined areas or other such control systems for the firms operations are necessary to prevent contamination or mix-ups during course of procedures.

b)

Contd.,
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Contd.,

d) There shall be a separate or defined areas or other such control systems for the firms operations are necessary to prevent contamination or mix-ups during course of procedures. a) Aseptic processing. b) Operation related to the manufacturer, processing and packaging of penicillin shall be performed in facilities separate from those used for other drug products for human use.
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Construction
Adequate lightening shall be provided in all areas Adequate ventilation shall be provided Equipment for adequate control over air pressure, micro organisms, dust, humidity, and temperature shall be provided when appropriate for the manufacturer, processing, packing or holding of a drug product. Air filtration systems including prefilters and particulate matter, shall be used when appropriate on air supplies to production areas. Air handling systems for the manufacture, processing and packing of penicillin shall be completely separate from those for other drug products for human use.

GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES

Plumbing
Portable water shall be supplied under continuous +ve pressure in a plumbing system free of defects that could contribute contamination to any drug product. Portable water shall meet the standards prescribed in the environmental protection agencys primary drinking water regulations set forth in 40 CFR part 141. Water not meeting the standards shall not be permitted in the portable water system. Drains shall be of adequate size and where connected directly to a sewer shall be provided with an air break or other mechanical device to prevent back-siphonage.
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Sewage and refuse


Sewage trash, and other refuse in and from the building and immediate premises shall be disposed of in a safe and sanitary manner.

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Washing and toilet facilities


Adequate washing facilities shall be provided, including hot and cold water, soap or detergent, air driers or single service towels, and clean toilet facilities easily accessible to working areas.

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Sanitation
Building shall be free of infestation by rodents, birds, insects, and other vermin (other than laboratory animals). There shall be written procedures assigning responsibility for sanitation and describing in sufficient detail the cleaning schedules, methods, equipment, and materials to be used. Sanitation procedures shall apply to work performed by contractors or temporary employees as well as to work performed by full-time employees during the ordinary course of operations.

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Maintenance
Any building used in the manufacturer, processing, packing, or holding of a drug product shall be maintained in a good sate of repair. Careful maintenance done Repairs and maintenance should not present any hazard to the quality of the products

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