# Graph Skills

y The gradient (slope) of a straight line graph is y2 constant and can be found by taking the coordinates between any y1 two points. The gradient of a curve changes continually. y -y Grad = y = 2 1 x x2 - x1 2 (x2;y2) y 1(x1,y1) x1 x x 2 (x2;y2) y 1(x1,y1) x x

y = y2 - y1 Gradat x = x x2 - x1

At any point the gradient is found by taking the gradient of a tangent to the curve at that point.

. . . GRADIENT = velocity 2 1 .. .Constant Velocity 1 .TIME graph equals the objects displacement between the two points. . 2 . .. time/(s) S1 S2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Displacement increases by same amount in equal time intervals. ..s t2 2 .TIME Graph v/(m/s) DISPLACEMENT . . . . . . . 1 . (at any point) The area between any two points on the VELOCITY . . .TIME Graph s/(m) 1 . . .. . .s . . . 2 ..SKETCH GRAPHS . . AREA = displacement t/(s) t/(s) t1 The gradient of the DISPLACEMENT vs TIME graph equals the velocity of the object. VELOCITY . . . . . . . ..

DISPLACEMENT . .. . 2. .TIME s/(m) v VELOCITY . . . . ..Constant ACCELERATION .TIME (m/s) ACCELERATION .SKETCH GRAPHS . The gradient of the velocity vs time graph (at any point) gives the acceleration of the object. ..at any point) gives the velocity of the object at that point. . S1 S2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Displacement increases by (uniformly ) increasing amounts in equal time intervals. time/(s) 1.TIME a (m/s2) GRAD = v GRAD = a s1 t1 s2 t2 t/(s) t/(s) t t/(s) The gradient of the displacement vs time graph (tangent .

TIME s/(m) VELOCITY . • AREA under the VELOCITY vs time graph gives the displacement. t1 2 .. • Gradient of the velocity vs time graph gives the acceleration of the object. .TIME (m/s) 2 GRAD = v .CONSTANT ACCELERATION . AREA = s t/(s) • Gradient of the displacement vs time graph gives the velocity.TIME a (m/s2) GRAD = a 1 . ACCELERATION .- - v - - 2 --> DISPLACEMENT .Summary 1 -.. 1 . t/(s) t2 AREA = v t/(s)t2 t1 • AREA of the acceleration vs time graph gives the average velocity..

Consider the situation when an object is thrown vertically upwards and returns to the throwers hand. . Draw the various sketch graphs associated with this particular motion. Take upwards as positive.

Displacement/time s t v Velocity/time s Distance/time t Speed/time t Acceleration/time v t + a - t Vertical motion .

bounces (elastically) and returns to the throwers hand. . Take upwards as positive. Draw the various sketch graphs associated with this particular motion.Consider the situation when an object is dropped vertically down.

Displacement/time s t v Velocity/time s Distance/time t Speed/time t Acceleration/time v t + a - t Vertical motion .