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THE PRESENT SIMPLE

Tense

Present Tense

Past tense

Future Tense

Present tense is further divided into four parts
Present Tense

Present indefinite Simple

Present continuous

Present perfect

Present perfect conituous

. Children like ice-cream  We use it to say that something happens repeatedly or for habitual actions or daily activities I usually go to the market at weekends. Ex: Nurses look after the patients in hospitals. Paul wakes up at 5 in the morning.Present SimpleTense  We use simple present tense to talk about things in general. The earth goes round the sun.  We use it to say that something is true in general.

THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Affirmative) Peter works on his basket every day (He) . .

The present simple affirmative  Children like ice-cream very much (They). .

Drive. sub I 1st form of verb. Drive. . Drives. Drive. you We They *He/she/it Drive.See the table for further clarification we use subject+base form of verb in affirmative sentences.

(It) My parents work in a hospital (They) . (It) Paper burns easily. She speaks English fluently. The sun rises in the east.Present simple More examples I go to school every day. (It) Water boils at 100 degrees celcius.

g. They teach but my sister (She) teaches.Points to remember Remember that we say I work. My father. but he works. etc)  .  Don’t forget the –s in 3rd person singular (e. it. Jane.. she. he. We sing but Rihanna (She) sings. Peter.

THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Interrogative) DOES HE WORK AS A DOCTOR? YES. HE DOES .

 Do they watch T.V together? .

 .  Ex: Do You drive?  Does she sing? Etc.Interrogative sentences We have discussed affirmative sentences earlier.  We use Do/Does to make questions. now will discuss Interrogative sentences.

we use do/does +subject+base form of verb for interrogative sentences Do Do Do Do Sub You We they Base form of verb Work? Work? Work? Does Does *He/she *It Work ? Not works Work? Not works .

SHE WORKS AS A TEACHER. .THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Negative) SHE DOESN’T WORK AS A DOCTOR.

Work. Work. Work. Work. Not works .We use sub+do/does+not+base form of verb for negative sentences Sub I we You They He/she Do/doesn’t Base form of verb Don’t Don’t Don’t Don’t Doesn’t Work. Not works It Doesn’t Work.

 Ex: I don’t go to the market in the evening. (She).Negative sentences  We use do/does to make negative sentences.  Sally doesn’t take sugar in her coffee. .

Remember We use the present simple to talk about →regular. repeated activities or situations Susan goes to school every day →things that are generally or always true The River Ebro flows into the Mediterranean sea .

Does she eat sweets? Do you like football? . They don’t like sweets/ She doesn´t live in Madrid We form questions with Do…?(Does …?in the 3rd person singular).Remember    In the third person singular affirmative the verb has a final -s/-es She goes to school everyday We form the negative with don’t (doesn’t in the 3rd person singular).

Some more use of Present simple We use present simple with ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY when we say how often we do things For ex: In the summer John USUALLY plays tennis.  NEVER SOMETIMES OFTEN USUALLY ALWAYS .

 With the verb TO BE we use a different pattern Pattern: subject + am/is/are+ ADVERB Thomas and Philip are ALWAYS busy at school. . She USUALLY plays basketball on Mondays. James is SOMETIMES tired at the end of the day. We SOMETIMES play football.Pattern: subject + ADVERB + verb Thomas and Philip ALWAYS begin their day at 7 o’clock. They are NEVER late for their activities. Peter OFTEN watches TV at breakfast. We are OFTEN in the music room during the breaks. They NEVER go home on weekdays. He is USUALLY ready for breakfast at 7 o’clock.

Lets do some Exercises Complete these sentences with the correct Forms of verb (simple Present) .

Complete the sentences using one of the following verbs Speak. 2.  . 4. open. 3. close 1.Ann____German very well. live.My parents _____in a very small flat. drink.The swimming pool_____at 9 o’clock and ______at 6 p.m.we_____coffee in the evening.

drink. live.  .m.Complete the sentences using one of the following verbs Speak.We drink coffee in the evening. (They) 4. close 1. open. (She) 2.Ann speaks German very well.My parents live in a very small flat.The swimming pool opens at 9 o’clock and closes at 6 p. (It) 3.

______.  You and your friends/play/much sport? No_______  The place where you live /have/a shopping mall? Yes________  She/speak/Hindi? No.  You/watch/T.Exercise Personal questions Complete each question. using the correct form of the present simple. and give short answers.V? Yes. _________ .

Do you watch t.v? Yes. _________ Does she speak Hindi? No. using the correct form of the present simple. I do  You and your friends/play/much sport? No.Exercise Personal questions Complete each question.  You/watch/T.V? Yes. and give short answers. she doesn´t .______. _______ Do you and your friends play much sport? No we don´t  The place where you live /have/a shopping mall? Yes Does the place where you live have a shopping mall? Yes it does  She/speak/Hindi? No.

What ______(you/do) in the evening? 4.I ____(not/play) tennis very well.What time ____ (the bank/close) in Britain? 3.Make negative and Interrogative sentences using the correct form of verb 1. .Jane _____(not/drink) tea very often. 2.

2. .I don´t play (not/play) tennis very well.Make negative and Interrogative sentences using the correct form of verb 1.What do you do (you/do) in the evening? 4.Jane doesn´t drink (not/drink) tea very often.What time does the bank close (the bank/close) in Britain? 3.

 .  Ria:Where _____come______?  Tina: From Srilanka. little.Exercise Complete the conversation Ria:____ English?  Tina: yes. ___ ____.  Ria: ___ ___ like India?  Tina: Yes.

 Ria:Where do you come from?  Tina: From Srilanka. little. I do.Exercise Complete the conversation Ria: Do you speak English?  Tina: yes.  Ria: Do you like India?  Tina: Yes.  .

__________  My sister (get up ) at 7.m.m.V every evening.45 a._________  .30 a.__________  Paul (play) football every day.Answer the following I (get up) at 7._______  We (watch) T.________  My father (watch) a lot films.

We (watch) T.30 a.45 a.V every evening.________ We watch T.m._________ Paul plays football every day.__________ I get up at 7. Paul (play) football every day.45 a.30 a. .__________ My father watches a lot films.m.Answer the following      I (get up) at 7. My sister gets up at 7.m My sister (get up ) at 7.V every evening My father (watch) a lot films.m.

After my shower I _____ myself with a big towel and go back to the bedroom.Dry. getup. .  Every weekday morning I_______ as soon as my alarm _____. After 10 minutes I go to the bathroom. comb. brush. I____ my teeth and ____my hair. ring.

After my shower I dry myself with a big towel and go back to the bedroom. comb.  Every weekday morning I get up as soon as my alarm rings. brush. After 10 minutes I go to the bathroom. getup. . I wash my teeth and comb my hair.Dry. ring.

m. I am late. (always) 7. I forget my book. 1. Chris is smiling. (rarely) 4. The canteen is full at lunchtime. (never) 5. We are hungry. I go to the cinema on Fridays.Insert the adverb of frequency in the right place. (always) 3. (never) 10. My brother does the homework. Dad cooks our dinner. Ex: We are happy at school. They are at work at 6 a. Paula listens to music. (usually) 11. On Saturdays she is with her friends. (often) 2.(sometimes) 9. (usually) 6.(usually) 8. (often) . (always) We are always happy at school.

4. I am never late. They are usually at work at 6 a. I never forget my book. 11. Dad usually cooks our dinner. 3. On Saturdays she is sometimes with her friends.Insert the adverb of frequency in the right place. (always) We are always happy at school. 6. 7. Chris is always smiling. My brother rarely does the homework. We are usually hungry. 9. 2. 8. 10. Ex: We are happy at school. 1.m. 5. . The canteen is always full at lunchtime. I often go to the cinema on Fridays. Paula often listens to music.