You are on page 1of 11

The History And

Development Of
Bioethanol As An
Alternative Fuel

Christopher McAtominey

• What is bioethanol?
• Why bioethanol as an alternative fuel?
• The future of bioethanol

• Produced by hydrating ethylene or by

fermenting sugars

CH3CH2OH + 3O2 2CO2 + 3H2O

• First ever engine ran on ethanol

• Used as a rocket fuel in WW2

• Produced by fermenting sugars

• Sugars are from natural sources (biomass)
eg sugarcane, maize

• Burnt as fuel
• Widely used in Brazil
Alternative Fuels

• Climate change

• Depletion of crude oil

• Legislation
Alternative Fuels

• Carbon neutral

• Independence

• Efficiency
Alternative Fuels
Future of Bioethanol

• Currently only processed from sugars

• Aim is to convert all biomass to ethanol
• Engineering micro-organisms

• Alcohol resistant yeast

• 1.5 x 1012 tonnes of biomass is cellulose
• Cellulases convert cellulose into sugars

• Currently not carbon neutral

• Cellulases do not work well in vitro
• Predicted that hydrogen will be major
fuel of future

Any Questions?