You are on page 1of 34

Disturbance Fault Recorder SystemIndactic -650

ABB Transformation - Training

DISTURBANCE FAULT RECORDER INDACTIC - 650 SEQUENTIAL EVENT RECORDER INDACTIC - 425

ABB Transformation - Training


Utility Communication Systems

Indactic Product Family


Indactic 650 Disturbance Fault Recording System

DFR

ABB Transformation - Training


Utility Communication Systems

Indactic Product Family


Indactic 425 Sequence of Events Recording System

SOE

ABB Transformation - Training


Utility Communication Systems

Products

DR Disturbance Fault Recorder Type I65/I65C Disturbance Fault Recorder Type I650

SER Sequence Of Event Recorder Type SER-600 Sequence Of Event Recorder Type I425.

ABB Transformation - Training

Future Developments : Why Disturbance Fault Recorder market increasing?


DFR Indactic 650 DFR Indactic 650 Privatisation ( bad suppliers will have to pay fine for not supplied power) Eg. MSEB & DPC Privatisation ( bad suppliers will have to pay fine for not supplied power) Eg. MSEB & DPC Deregulation (open market with international power suppliers) Deregulation (open market with international power suppliers) Refurbishment of power systems (Retrofit)

Refurbishment of power systems (Retrofit)

ABB Transformation - Training

Future Developments : Why Disturbance Fault recorders?

High cost of stand still of generators, substations and lines Avoiding of system failure is of highest concern No equipment provides the insights as does a good disturbance recorder

Optimisation of protection performance and concepts


Planing of preventive maintenance

ABB Transformation - Training

Future Developments : Common Features Indactic 650 or Indactic 425


Basic Concept: Within the plant diverse logical Acquisition Stations, usually one acquisition station per bay (i.e. one Indactic 650 Unit) or one acquisition station per diameter (i.e. two or more Indactic 650 Units)

Indactic as De-central System Bus Structure : Real time bus 1.5 Mbaud, coaxial or fibre optic cable

ABB Transformation - Training

Features Indactic 650

Maximum Configuration
per substation 79 units per complete network 250 acquisition stations
Acquisition UNIT (Basic unit
1/ 3

Acquisition STATION (1,2,3,.10 units)

of 19 Rack)
Master, Slave, Slave

Predecessor
Indactic 65 (ABB Product 1981-1994)
ABB Transformation - Training

Version 65D compatible with WinCom & WinEve under Windows

Features Indactic 650

Modules
Case UB-10

Power Supply Module


Communication Module Input Module Transformer Module CI-10

PS-25

(prev. PS-10)

XI-11 TR-10

(prev. XI-10)

ABB Transformation - Training

Features Indactic 650

Basic Configuration
Indactic 650 Units PC Printer - Laser or InkJet Software WinCom, WinEve

Output
Hardware : 4 output relays (dry contacts) per unit SW : One file per recording with all analogue and digital signals

SW : One fault location report


SW Optional : Expert report ABB Transformation - Training

Features Indactic 650

Indactic as De-central System


What does de-central system mean?
The physical location of the inputs has no meaning with respect to the logical configuration! Practically the acquisition units which work as a system need not be located in the same place The operating personal (the user) does not see that the units are not located at the same place

ABB Transformation - Training

Features Indactic 650

Tele-Communication
Central Evaluation Station (Master Station) WinCom/ WinEve Local Data Concentrators ReCo65 (or PC Anywhere) WinCom can collect data from many substations (Indactic 650 stations or

ReCo65 stations) via tele-communication connection

ReCo65
MS-DOS SW (also with Windows `95 & 98) currently under re-design

ABB Transformation - Training

Remote communication

Remote structure
Bridge

Ethernet(TCP/IP) SMS/SCS WinNT

Ethernet(TCP/IP)

Bridge

Color Printer
Ethernet(TCP/IP)
Modem

Bridge

Telephone Network / Intranet

Indactic 650 WinNT

Modem

local
Modem
Serial Port
GPS
I ndact ic 425

GPS/ DCF77

Fall Back Switch


Channel selector Switch Box

Serial Port
REB500 CU

Interbay-Bus
RE.316*4 RE.216 GPS
I ndact ic 425

RE.316
REB500 CU

CB 10

Indactic 650

Indactic 650

SPABus

RE.216

CB 10

ABB Transformation - Training

Indactic 650 4th Generation of Disturbance Fault Recorder

Indactic 650 acquisition unit each with 9 analogue and 16 digital inputs De-central intelligence for optimised redundancy

(each unit with 2 microprocessors + 1 DSP


+ 4 MB) Unit interconnection by a 1.5 Mbaud real time. Only one wire between units, located

hundreds of meters apart, for all functions


Each channel has its own 16 bits A/D converter
No analogue multiplexing !!! No skew delay !!!

PTs & CTs are integrated into the unit (no external components) Accuracy better than 2% of actual ( 0.5%on full scale) without any recalibration on site

ABB Transformation - Training

Technical Data per Unit

Digital Inputs
Number: Input Type 16 48V to 250V or potential free

Analogue Inputs
Resolution:

16 bits
9, current or voltage

Number:

Importance of high resolution (16 bits)


The resolution will determine the accuracy of all measures. Look at the LSB.

50 A x 2 x 2-15 = 2.12 mA, 50 A x 2 x 2-11 = 34.53 mA 16 times less !!!


That is an error of 3.45 %. This error cannot be compensated by any measures!
ABB Transformation - Training

Technical Data per Unit (suite 1)

Voltage Inputs:
Accuracy (0.2 to 1.6 x Un)

100V/3, 100V, 200V/3 , 200V


2 x Un x 2

Measurement range

0.5% of Un

Current Inputs:

1A or 5A
50 x In x 2 = full range 100 x In 30 1 x x

Measurement range Thermal (IEC 255-3/-4) sec In 10 sec

4 In continuous Accuracy range (i.e 50 x 2 A) 0.5 % on full 2% of actual value (i.e.1A)

DC Inputs (optional): 20 mA, 10 V


ABB Transformation - Trainingof generators or pressure of transformer oil,temperature, etc i.e. excitation

Technical Data per Unit (suite 2)

Trigger Settings
Digital-Inputs: Analog-Inputs: high or low levels high limit

low limit

ABB Transformation - Training

Technical Data per Unit (suite 3)

Recording Duration Prefault: Postfault: Fault: 0.1 s to 0.5 s, prog. in steps of 0.1 s 0.1 s to 0.5 s, prog. in steps of 0.1 s 0.1 s to 30 s, prog. in steps of 0.1 s
optional to 600 s at the lowest sampling rates

On Board Memory
Total 4 Mbyte per unit - 200'000 samples per channel Data back-up for 6 hours
ABB Transformation - Training

How to specify disturbance recorder ?

Sampling rate & bandwith


The frequency response of a primary transformer is the limit of the disturbance recorder
bandwith Advanced technologies allows to analyse frequency up to 0.5 time of the sampling rate frequency A very high sampling rate might not be the best as it needs lots of memory and a lot of time to transfer a file which limits the performance of the disturbance recorder

ABB Transformation - Training

BETTER THAN OTHER FAULT RECORDERS BECAUSE .....

DEVELOPED BY A COMPANY WITH WORLDWIDE POWER SYSTEM EXPERIENCE

RUNNING SUCCESSFUL BY CUSTOMERS SINCE 1994 (WELL PROVEN TRACK RECORD)

MINIMISED ENGINEERING & COMMISSIONING COSTS

ONLY ONE EVALUATION SOFTWARE FOR INDACTIC 650, REB500, RE.216, RE.316 and REVAL FORMATS
ABB Transformation - Training

BETTER THAN OTHER FAULT RECORDERS BECAUSE .....

ONLY ONE REMOTE SOFTWARE FOR INDACTIC 650, REB500, RE.216, RE.316 (SOFTWARE RELEASE END 2000)

DE-CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE MEANS BETTER RELIABILITY

DE-CENTRAL ACQUISITION MEANS BETTER OVERALL SYSTEM COSTS

ABB Transformation - Training

BETTER THAN OTHER FAULT RECORDERS BECAUSE .....

OPTIMISED RESOLUTION (16 bits) ALLOWS BETTER ANALYSIS

HIGH ACCURACY MEANS BETTER FAULT LOCATION &


EFFICIANT FAULT CLEARING

ONE A/D CONVERTER PER CHANNEL = HIGH SECURITY IN CASE OF ONE A/D CONVERTER FAILURE

ABB Transformation - Training

Indactic 650 Example

Generator-Fault Recorder Concept


Generator 600 MVA Breaker Power Transformer 700 MVA Breaker 22 kV
Rotor

G
Excitation
DC 4..20mA

380 kV

Input Star Point (1 A)

100% Earth Fault Voltage (30 V)

Generator Currents, Voltages (1 A/ 57.7 V)

Currents, Voltages 400 kV side ( 1 A/ 57.7 V)

100% Earth Fault Voltage (100 V)

Field Current Field Voltage Main Rotor Field Current Main Rotor Field Voltage

Fault Recorder with the following inputs


3 1 1 4 4 3 3 3 (3 (3 CT Star Point 1A nom. VT 100% Earth Fault Voltage (stator) 100 V nom. VT 100% Earth Fault Voltage (rotor) 30 V nom. DC Inputs 4-20 mA (AVR signals) VT 22 kV side incl. open-delta 57.7 V nom. CT 22 kV side 1 A nom. VT 400 kV side 57.7 V nom. CT 400 kV side 1 A nom. VT 11 kV Unit A 57.7 V nom.) - Optional VT 11 kV Unit B 57.7 V nom.) - Optional

11 kV unit A Transformer 11 kV Breaker

11 kV Unit B Transformer

ABB Transformation - Training

Indactic System

Users

Internal Office LAN Ethernet

Master Evaluation Station

Data

WinCom WinEve RS-232 / FO Converter

RS-232

GPS
Coaxial cable 75

Local evaluation station Data gateway


Fibre optic 50/125 Coaxial cable 75

Fibre optic 50/125 RS-232 RS-232 / FO Converter

Generator unit 1

Generator unit 2

ABB Transformation - Training

List of Products and Peripherals

Indactic 650 Rubrik wxyz (rubrik identifies the configuration) GPS Clock & Receiver

19 Mounting Rack
WinCom/WinEve/ReCo65
Internal Office LAN

Industrial PC
M

Ethernet

Desktop PC InkJet/ Laser Printers RS232/ F-O Converters Telephone Modems TC-630 - Coax to F-O converters

Data

ABB Transformation - Training

Indactic Application Software

Communication Package - WinCom

Communication with different acquisition stations

ABB Transformation - Training

Indactic Application Software

WinCom- Signal parameters

ABB Transformation - Training

Indactic Application Software

WinCom-Trigger setting

ABB Transformation - Training

Fault Analysis Package - WinEve

Fault analysis software under MS-WINDOWS 95 and NT One program covers all aspects of fault analysis Comprehensive formula editor for all relevant calculations, i.e. true RMS,

impedance, power, harmonics, etc.


Fault location

ABB Transformation - Training

WinEve - Fault analysis software

Merging of events Multi-event display User-definable layouts Reads and writes COMTRADE file formats Compatible to Indactic 65/650, RE. 216/316 & REB500 formats

ABB Transformation - Training

WinEve - Fault analysis software

Event display

ABB Transformation - Training

WinEve - Fault analysis software

Fault locator
Based on a well proven distance relay algorithm, accuracy is better than 2 % mutual and zero sequence impedance capacitance (for long lines) parallel lines

ABB Transformation - Training

WinEve - Fault analysis software

Fault locator
symmetric or asymmetric lines reduces fault resistance influence re-calculate the distance to fault i.e. with seasonal or "better" parameters.

distance to fault as a number or as a table


Development of a fault impedance - "R/X" diagram

Next release (end 2000) with 2 Terminals Fault Location

ABB Transformation - Training

Competitors

Alstom.

CSD(Hathaway.- Make) Siemens.

ABB Transformation - Training