You are on page 1of 20

BASIC COMPUTER OPERATION

OUTLINE

Computer Hardware Operating systems Terms Dis !apa!ities "iruses App#i!ations and Do!uments Insta##ation$reinsta##ation Internet App#i!ations

Computer Hardware

Case Power swit!% Reset swit!% Hard dri&e '#oppy CD$D"D Seria# ports Para##e# port USB port

(ey)oard$mouse Networ !ard Modem Sound !ard "ideo !ard RAM Mot%er)oard 'an Ca)#es

The basic system including keyboard, mouse and monitor

!hat is in the bo"# $otherboard

Typical parts o% a motherboard

ABIT SE*

Cabling

For items in or attached to a system to work properly they must be securely connected.

Operating systems

A## !omputer systems %a&e an operating system+ Current#y, t%ere are t%ree dominate typi!a# user operating systems+
Ma!intos% OS, Mi!roso-t .indows OS, /inu0+

Terms

A1 '#oppy dis

C1 /o!a# dis

D1 /o!a# dis

2partition3

RAM 4 Random A!!ess Memory+ T%e t%in ing spa!e a&ai#a)#e to a !omputer to use w%i#e per-orming operations+ T%e spa!e is emptied out w%en t%e !omputer is turned o--+ DIRECTOR5 4 An organi6ationa# stru!ture on dis s to -i#e management easier+ Dire!tories a#so )e!ome a #o!a# region -or t%e !omputer to %unt -or ot%er -i#es re#ated to t%e !urrent -i#e+ DOCUMENT 4 A -i#e !reated using an app#i!ation+ T%e -i#e is on#y use-u# using t%e app#i!ation t%at !reated it or a simi#ar app#i!ation t%at !an !on&ert it+ APP/ICATION 4 A program t%at a##ows a !omputer to per-orm a !ertain -un!tion+

&isk capacities

'#oppy1

7+8 MB

Hard dis 1 7*9 :B ; < TB CD D"D =99 > ?99 MB 8+= :B 7? :B

1 KB = 1024 BYTE 1 MB = 1024 KB 1 GB = 1024 MB 1 TB = 1024 PB 1 PB = 1024 EB

CDs, D"Ds

'ackup

Identi%y and use icons, windows, menus


Point, !#i! , dou)#e>!#i! , drag @ drop Minimi6e and ma0imi6e a window Use pu##>down menus Se#e!t, open, and mo&e an i!on Se#e!t, open, mo&e, and !#ose a window Resi6e a window S!ro## a window A!ti&ate and de>a!ti&ate a window Start an app#i!ation and !reate a do!ument

Name, sa(e, retrie(e, re(ise a document


Name a do!ument 2A3 Sa&e a do!ument Retrie&e a do!ument -rom -#oppy dis Retrie&e a do!ument -rom %ard dis Re>name a do!ument Edit and re>sa&e a do!ument Print a do!ument Create and name -o#ders Sa&e, open, and p#a!e do!uments inside -o#ders

)pplications

Open and wor wit% more t%an one app#i!ation at a time

To swit!% )etween t%em -or .indows1 !#i! on t%e app#i!ation at t%e BTAS(BARB down on t%e s!reen )lt *T)' )utton

Install+reinstall and update system so%tware and dri(ers

Internet )pplications
BRO.SERS

Mo6i##a

Internet E0p#orer
http: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol edu: ducation !gov" org" com" ...#

http://www.vfu.bg

,T- .,ile Trans%er -rotocol/

T%e simp#est and most se!ure way to e0!%ange -i#es o&er t%e Internet+ 'TP C#ient is t%e so-tware t%at is designed to trans-er -i#es )a! >and>-ort% )etween two !omputers o&er t%e Internet+ It needs to )e insta##ed on t%e !omputer and !an on#y )e used wit% a #i&e !onne!tion to t%e Internet+ 2Browsers, .S>'tp, SSH, Cute>'tp,+++3
P$ %&F

0iruses

"iruses are programs t%at reprodu!e t%emse#&es into t%e -i#es o- your !omputer Anti>&irus so-tware and automati! update

M!a-ee "irus S!an

Con-iguration o- Automati! M!a-ee "irus Update &ia 'TP %ttp1$$www+mat%+metu+edu+tr$department$do!$&irus$&irusCupdate+%tm#


Current se!urity pat!%es app#ied to operating system and app#i!ations+ Do not open any une0pe!ted atta!%ments t%at are e>mai#ed to you+ 2Parti!u#ar#y D+e0eE -i#es+3

1E,E1ENCE2

Computer 'undamenta#s -or Tea!%ers , MaFor Competen!ies Basi! Computer Operation and Trou)#es%ooting