My Life Monday

Heat attack
Doing too much on a hot day, spending too much time in the sun or staying too long in an overheated place can cause heat-related illnesses. Hot temperatures and humidity stress the body’s ability to cool itself, resulting in heat sickness. It is important to recognise the symptoms early in order to guard yourself against serious consequences.

• Heat rash . kidneys and heart to function properly.is a skin irritation caused by excessive perspiration. The human body needs water for vital organs such as the brain. • Heat cramps .Know the difference It is important to know the difference between various heat illnesses: • Dehydration .is the loss of fluids from the body.are severe and painful cramping of the muscles due to imbalances in body fluids and excessive perspiration.dizziness that can result in fainting when standing continuously under the hot sun for a long time. • Heat syncope or fainting . .

results when losing body fluids through perspiration during heat exposure.is a deadly heat illness.• Heat exhaustion . brain damage or permanent disability if emergency treatment is not provided. the sweating mechanism fails and the body is unable to cool down.is a painful skin condition which occurs as a result of overexposure to the ultra-violet rays of the sun. • Heatstroke or sunstroke . This can lead to death. The body temperature rises rapidly. • Sunburn . It can also lead to skin cancer. . This can damage the outer layers and inner tissues of the skin. It occurs when the body’s control temperature system stops functioning. The body cools off by evaporation of sweat but gets exhausted when the sweat exceeds the volume of water or fluid drunk.

warm skin 4. dry tongue 9. treat and avoid heat illnesses Type 1. 2. Cramping in the arms and legs 7. Dry mouth. Low blood pressure 10. or unable to drink 3. Symptoms Flushed face Extreme thirst. Dizziness made worse when standing 5. more than normal. Rapid and deep breathing . Fainting Treatment Dehydration For mild to moderate dehydration drink more water and try to avoid the heat until refreshed . Dry.How to recognise. Weakness 6.faster than normal 11. Headaches 8.

This usually improves with drinking water and resting in a cool environment 1. Muscle pain in the abdomen. arms or legs may occur in association with strenuous activity Rapid heart beat Hot sweaty skin . 3.Type Symptoms Treatment 1. less humid environment Clean the affected area and apply mild lotions to it Both symptoms commonly occur on the back of the neck Stop all activities and do not return to strenuous activities until the cramps subside as further exertion may lead to exhaustion or heat stroke. Heat Rash 2. Redness accompanied by swelling and inflammation of the skin Small blisters The best treatment is to provide a cooler. Heat Cramps 2.

2. 3. Heat Exhaustion 1. 8.Type 1. 5. 3. 8. 7. 9. 2. 4. 6. 7. 4. Shift to a cooler location and drink a lot of water or a light juice Use cold towels over your head and neck . preferably in the shade or in a cool environment Try to take frequent breaks if working in high temperatures and drink a lot of water Heat Syncope 5. 6. Symptoms Faintness Dizziness Headache Increased pulse rate Restlessness Nausea Vomiting Possibly even a brief loss of consciousness Headache Paleness Heavy sweating Intense thirst Dizziness Fatigue Nausea Impaired judgement Loss of appetite Treatment Lie or sit down.

Desert conditions In desert environments you may not be aware that you are perspiring due to rapid evaporation. Clothing What you wear plays a big factor in how your body will handle the heat. Drink lots of water if you are exercising or working in hot conditions. Limit yourself It is also important to watch the amount of activities you are participating in during hot days. it’s best to stop the activity and rest in a shady area.General Precautions Hydration The best way to avoid heat strokes and other heat disorders is to keep your body well hydrated. Light and loose fitting clothing will help your body in breathing and cooling itself naturally. Ventilation Remain in cool areas where your body can cool itself. remove it. Wearing a hat or cap can shield yourself from the sun but it can also trap the heat inside your body. Doctors usually recommend consuming eight or more glasses of water per day. Don’t overdo it. . Once you feel warm. Heat stroke and other disorders can take effect in less than an hour. If you feel yourself getting warm and suffocated with the heat. try to take a break to regain energy and to avoid overexposure to the sun’s rays. If working in hot conditions.

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Southern Gulf PII Health & Safety Team .

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