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Section 2 : Storage Networking Technologies and Virtualization

Network-Attached Storage

Chapter 7

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Chapter Objectives
After completing this chapter, you will be able to: o Describe NAS, its benefits and components

o Discuss different NAS implementations
o Describe NAS file-sharing protocols o Discuss NAS management options

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All rights reserved. CIFS (also known as SMB). . implemented with file-sharing protocols for remote file sharing o Example: FTP.File Sharing Environment o File system is a structured way of storing and organizing data files o File Sharing o Storing and accessing data files over network o File system must be mounted in order to access files o Traditional client/server model. NFS. DFS © 2009 EMC Corporation.

File Sharing Technology Evolution Stand Alone PC Portable Media for File Sharing Networked PCs Networked File Sharing Network Attached Storage (NAS) © 2009 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. .

.What is NAS ? NAS is shared storage on a network infrastructure Clients Application Server Print Server NAS Device © 2009 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.

General Purpose Servers vs. NAS Devices Applications Print Drivers File System Operating System Network File System Operating System Network Single Function NAS Device • Dedicated for file-serving • Uses real-time OS dedicated for fileserving purpose General Purpose Servers (Windows or UNIX) © 2009 EMC Corporation. . All rights reserved.

Benefits of NAS o Support comprehensive access to information o Improves efficiency – uses special purpose OS o Improved flexibility – platform independent o Centralizes storage o Simplifies management o Scalability o High availability – provide redundant components o Provides security integration to environment (user authentication and authorization) © 2009 EMC Corporation. . All rights reserved.

. All rights reserved.Components of NAS UNIX NFS NAS Head Network Interface NFS CIFS IP NAS Device OS Storage Interface CIFS Windows Storage Array © 2009 EMC Corporation.

NAS File Sharing Protocols o Two common NAS file sharing protocols are: o NFS – Network File System protocol o Traditional UNIX environment file sharing protocol o CIFS – Common Internet File System protocol o Traditional Microsoft environment file sharing protocol. based upon the Server Message Block protocol © 2009 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. .

.Network File System (NFS) o Client/server application o Uses RPC mechanisms over TCP protocol o Mount points grant access to remote hierarchical file structures for local file system structures o Access to the mount can be controlled by permissions Additional Task Research on NFS & CIFS © 2009 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.

NAS File Sharing . but is platformindependent o CIFS runs over TCP/IP and uses DNS (Domain Naming Service) for name resolution © 2009 EMC Corporation. . All rights reserved.CIFS o Common Internet File System o Developed by Microsoft in 1996 o An enhanced version of the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol o Stateful Protocol o Can automatically restore connections and reopen files that were open prior to interruption o Operates at the Application/Presentation layer of the OSI model o Most commonly used with Microsoft operating systems.

All rights reserved. .NAS I/O 2 Application Operating System I/O Redirect NFS / CIFS TCP/IP Stack Network Interface 4 Client IP Network NAS Device Client uses file I/O Storage Interface Network Protocol NAS Operating System NFS / CIFS TCP/IP Stack Network Interface 3 Block I/O to storage device Storage Array 1 © 2009 EMC Corporation.

All rights reserved.NAS Implementations Integrated NAS IP NAS Device Gateway NAS IP NAS Head FC SAN Storage Array © 2009 EMC Corporation. .

Integrated NAS Connectivity Clients Application Server IP Integrated NAS System Application Server © 2009 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. .

All rights reserved.Gateway NAS Connectivity Application Server Additional Task Research on suitable environments for implementing Integrated & Gateway NAS Client IP Client FC SAN Application Server Storage Array Client NAS Gateway © 2009 EMC Corporation. .

Hosting and Accessing Files on the NAS Steps to host a file system: o Create an array volume o Assign volume to NAS device o Create a file system on the volume o Mount the file system o Access the file system o Use NFS in UNIX environment o Execute mount/nfsmount command o Use CIFS in windows environment o Map the network drive as: \\Account1\Act_Rep © 2009 EMC Corporation. . All rights reserved.

NAS Management o Most ship with vendor management software o Have unique management issues o Require preliminary analysis o Need additional complementary software © 2009 EMC Corporation. . All rights reserved.

Managing NAS Environments o Managing an Integrated System o Both NAS component and the storage array are managed via NAS management software o Managing a Gateway System o NAS component managed via NAS management software o Storage array managed via array management software © 2009 EMC Corporation. . All rights reserved.

.Traditional File Server Environment – Example 1 Internal Users Business Clients Surfers. All rights reserved. Shoppers IP Windows File Server Web Database Transaction Mission Critical Servers UNIX File Server FC SAN © 2009 EMC Corporation.

Shoppers LAN/WAN NAS Head Database Transaction Mission Critical Servers FC SAN © 2009 EMC Corporation. .Storage Consolidation with NAS Internal Users Business Clients Surfers. All rights reserved.

NFS. . HTTP. All rights reserved. . .Traditional File Server Environment – Example 2 UNIX NT W2K IP UNIX Windows General purpose OS serving files via FTP. © 2009 EMC Corporation. CIFS.

All rights reserved. . HTTP.Server Consolidation with NAS NAS IP UNIX Windows General purpose OS serving files via FTP. © 2009 EMC Corporation. . . NFS. CIFS.

. All rights reserved. Virtual LUN & Jumbo Frames © 2009 EMC Corporation.Chapter Summary o Key topics covered in this chapter: o NAS Benefits o NAS Components o NAS File Sharing Protocols o CIFS and NFS o NAS Implementation o Integrated NAS o Gateway NAS o Hosting and Accessing File on NAS o NAS Management o NAS Examples Additional Task Research on factors affecting NAS Performance.

Check your Knowledge o What is the difference between an Integrated and Gateway NAS solution? o Which NAS type would you deploy if you already have a SAN and storage array? o Which NAS type is the simplest to deploy? o Which file serving environments typically uses CIFS and NFS? © 2009 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. .

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