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CAT Large Off Highway Truck Tyre Options

Updated December 2004


Cat Approved Tyres for LOHT

• 797 - 55/80R63, 58/80R63, 59/80R63


• 793 - 40.00R57, 44/80R57, 46/90R57
• 789 - 37.00R57
• 785 - 33.00R51

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Fitment of Larger non-approved Tyres

• Caterpillar warranty covers defective


workmanship and materials NOT component
or structural failures resulting from fitting
larger non-approved tyres.
• Typical Reasons For Larger Tyre Request
– TKPH (travel distance, travel speed, load)
– Ambient Temperature
– Shortages in certain tyre size classes (recent)
• Standard tyres act as a payload management
FUSE.
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Tyre Weight Reduces Target Payload

• Empty Machine Weight impacts ROPS.


• Payload relates to steering & brake certifications.
• Entire truck gross machine weight must be
stopped and park brake must hold.
• Refer to Caterpillar 10/10/20 Payload Policy.
• It can be a SAFETY issue.
• “Unsprung weight” is NOT an acceptable position.

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Tyre Weight impacts Target Payload
• Gross Machine Weight IS FIXED
• Empty Machine Weight (Tare) includes:
– All attachments
• Factory
• Dealer
• Customer
– Full tank of fuel
– Debris (2% - 4% of bare chassis tare weight)
– Tyres
– Rims
– Truck Body and Body Liner Package
• Target Payload = GMW - EMW

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Unsprung Weight?
• All additional TARE Weight must be accounted for.
• TARE Weight + Target Payload = Fixed GMW
Impacts on GMW Certification.
– Braking Certification – More braking force is required to stop the
higher inertia. Park brake must hold a certified stationary mass on a
specified grade. Location of additional mass is irrelevant.
– Steering Certification – The gyroscopic impact of a larger weight
spinning at large diameter makes steering more difficult and harder
to change directions.
– If the additional 5 tonnes of rim / tyre weight has no impact on target
payload then what about the first 40 tonnes of rim / tyre weight?

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797 Mining Truck

• 797 - 55/80R63, 58/80R63, 59/80R63

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793 Mining Truck TELQ6005 793 Tire
Options Salesgram

• 793 - 40.00R57, 44/80R57, 46/90R57


• Click on TELQ6005 Salesgram for details
• 50/90R57? -NO
• 50/80R57 or Two Piece? -Probably with 793D

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793 Example
• Tyres:
• 40.00R57 XP24 C4 TL** 6,742 lb (3,058 kg)
• 46/90R57 VRDP E2A 8,800 lb (3,991 kg)
• 12,348 lb (5,600 kg) difference per truck!!!
• Rims:
• Cat 29x57” Rim As. 20,400 lb (9,253 kg)
• OVM 32x57” Rim As. 29,326 lb (13,302 kg)

• Potential Total difference of 21,274 lb (9.6 tonnes)


depending on Tyre and Rim configuration alone!

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Impact on Cost Per Tonne

• A 9 tonne payload decrease because of


heavier tyres and rims on a 793 is 4% of
Target Payload.

• A 4% reduction in target payload is a 4%


reduction in Total Productivity and
a 4% increase in cost per tonne

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793 on Larger Tyres (50/90R57)?
• Tyre
• Has it been done? - NO • Rear wheel spacer
• Front wheel spacer
• What size tyres? – • Fenders
50/90R57 • Fuel tank
• Steering cylinder
• What is Caterpillar ’ s • Miscellaneous routings
position? • Dual slope truck body
• Rims
• Caterpillar has • Chassis
investigated and • A-frame
• Rear axle housing
determined changes • Rear wheel
would be required to  • Rear spindle
• Air cleaner location.

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What About Two Piece Tyres?

• Available for 785 and 793


• http://www.goodyearotr.com/

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Items to Consider with Two Piece

• Weight of tyre and decrease in target payload


• No recommendation from Caterpillar
• Clearance – Does the tyre grow dynamically more
than a normal tyre and exceed the tyre
envelope?
• Is there relative movement between the tread
and carcass?
– If there is relative movement there must be wear
– Wear / degradation might cause problems with tread
belt retention
• “Size Effects” Test results are different between
51" new issues with the 45R57.
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789 & 785 Mining Trucks

Standard Tyre Offerings

• 789 - 37.00R57

• 785 - 33.00R51

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789 on Larger Tyres

• Has it been done? - YES


• What size tyres? - 40.00R57
• What is Caterpillar ’ s position?
• “ Caterpillar does not approve of the use of
40.00R57 on the 789C. Caterpillar has not carried
out ISO certification testing of steering and
braking on the 789C when fitted with the 40R57. ”
• “ Caterpillar currently has no plans to offer the
789C in a configuration that is approved and ready
for use with 40R57. ”

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785 on Larger Tyres?

• Has it been done? - YES


• What size tyres? - 36.00R51
• What is Caterpillar ’ s position?
• “ Caterpillar does not approve of the use of
36.00R51 on the 785C. Caterpillar has not carried
out ISO certification testing of steering and
braking on the 785C when fitted with the 36R51. ”
• “ Caterpillar currently has no plans to offer the
785C in a configuration that is approved and ready
for use with 36R51. ”

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Closing Comments

• It is necessary to examine all of the


potential interference and clearance in the
worst case scenarios (collapsed struts, full
turn, etc).
• Field retrofits fail to take into account all of
the possible geometric tolerance allowance
for the entire machine and look at worst
case interference issues.

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