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was introduced on 1982. Weaknesses on KLSR, led to KBSR. KBSR is balance and aligned with Falsafah Pendidikan Negara.


was implemented during late 1980s. However there are many comments on this Curiculum whereby it doesnt fit the students needs. The content of the KLSR was not dependent among other subjects at makes it hard to be implemented well. The content was bored to students. Weakness of KLSR :

Not balanced Stressed only on the surface

History 1982-Trial period of KBSR 1983-Implementation of KBSR 1984-Amalan Perdagangan Living Skill ( Kemahiran Hidup) 1993Kurikulum Baru Sekolah Rendah Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Rendah 1994Alam dan Manusia Science and Local Studies

Aims equip learners with basic skills and knowledge of the subjects Balance - physical, emotional, spiritual, intellectual

Characteristics 6-year programme Bahasa Malaysia-medium of instruction Subjects : Bahasa Malaysia, Mathematics, Science, Moral Education, Art, Living skills, Music, PE, Local Studies and extracurricular activities. Co-curricular activities-compulsory Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR)-Year 6

phases Phase 1 Year 1 to Year 3-basic skill (3M)Reading, writing, arithmetic-basic numerical skill ( add, subtract, multiply, divide) Phase 2-year 4 to year 6strengthen the basic skillsextra curricular activities-inculcate moral value-thinking skill-current issue

Structure -3 areas Communication (Bahasa Malaysia,mathematics ) Human and nature (science, moral education, localstudies) Individual development (art, music, PE, Living skill


To acquire new knowledge To inculcate moral value To develop positive attitude, creativity and hiddentalent To instill patriotism and nationalism To love and appreciate nature To realize the importance of Health, Science and Technology


master BM -satisfactory level Target: 3M To establish strong foundation of mathematicalskills Acquire new knowledge and expand prior knowledge Having high leadership skills and selfconfidence To master for Muslims -certain Quranic verses To master basic, thinking and social skills

Principles of KBSR

Integrated approach (skill cohesion/infusion/ integration/elements across the curriculum) One education for all Holistic development of the individual Life-long learning


across the curriculum On-going assessment Main focus :

3M (Reading, Writing, Counting) Skills ~ speak, listen, read, write & basic numerical skills(add, subtract, multiply, divide)


ratio of 1:40(teacher:students) Keeping up with stress of making the right report for P&P Not enough programs done to get the teachers prepared.


teaching techniques and styles Integrated activities inside and outside classroom Expanding the usage of Media (electronic, etc) Reflection of daily teaching


the P&P with students abilities Vary the effective teaching techniques Vary method that in line with students interests, needs and abilities Use correct & cohesive language Give enough attention to the students as individuals and groups Give equal opportunities to every student


2010-implementation It has been favorably received by parents and educationists. An interactive teaching approach in English and BM at national and vernacular schools. It would result in fewer subject :-subjects related will be combined. Ministry will be setting a new examination rule for combined subjects.


replace text books KSSR divide the subject intro 3 modul-Modul Asas Teras- Modul Asas Tema-Modul Asas Elektif Level 1(year 1-2) -focus on 4 M; membaca,menulis,mengira,menaakul Level 2(year 3 - 6) -focus on application of 4M.


well rounded and innovative individuals. Provide a holistic platform for learning. Reduce overemphasize on academics


towards practical Less stressful for teachers and students Better interaction between students and teachers Students can focus more on major subjects:Maths and science. Students can spend more time on cocurricular activities


system in Malaysia is focus on exam oriented. KL SR, KB(Baru)SR and KB (Bersepadu) SRputting too much emphasize on academic and zero on practical. However, education in Malaysia is suitable for a growing nation. The curriculum is meant to maximize the country's human capital.




The English language syllabus for primary school aims to equip pupils with skills and provide a basic understanding of the English language so that they are able to communicate, both orally and in writing, in and out of school.

The English Language Curriculum for Primary Schools aims to equip pupils with basic language skills to enable them to communicate effectively in a variety of contexts thats appropriate to the pupils level of development.



i) listen to and understand simple spoken English to be able to function in common everyday situations; ii) speak and respond clearly and appropriately in common everyday situations using simple language; iii) to read and understand different kinds of texts (from print and electronic sources) for enjoyment and information; iv) write (including e-mail) for different purposes using simple language; and v) show an awareness and appreciation of moral values and love towards the nation.

i. communicate with peers and adults confidently and appropriately in formal and informal situations; ii. read and comprehend a range of English texts for information and enjoyment; iii. write a range of texts using appropriate language, style and form through a variety of media; iv. appreciate and demonstrate understanding of English language literary or creative works for enjoyment; and v. use correct and appropriate rules of grammar in speech and writing.

Communication Human and environment Self development

Communication Spiritual, attitude and values Humanity Physical aesthetical development Science and technology



According to each subjects (syllabus / Primary education is divided into two text books) stages: The language contents are the sound system, grammar and vocabulary. Several teaching contexts have been suggested through which the language skills and language content are to be taught. Stage One Years 1, 2 and 3

Stage Two, Years 4, 5 and 6.

In Years 1, 2 and 3 in national schools, the English language curriculum emphasises the development of basic language skills so that pupils will have a strong foundation to build their proficiency in the language.

Using syllabus containing: content learning outcome suggested activities in teaching and learning process Textbook

Using curriculum documents standard content standard learning In years 1 and 2, there will only be four modules; namely: Module One : Listening and Speaking Module Two : Reading Module Three : Writing Module Four : Language Arts In Years 3 - 6, grammar is added to the above four modules Textbook

It comprises the four language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing as well as the language contents

emphasises the development of basic language skills so that pupils will have a strong foundation to build their proficiency in the language. Listening and Speaking Reading Writing Language Arts


KBSR 1500 minutes of class time

KSSR 1380 minutes of class time Periods of Bahasa Malaysia subject in Chinese schools increase to ten Number of English periods had increased

a sample of the more common words a high frequency words and can be used and recycled in different contexts and topics.

based on common words high frequency words that can be used repetitively in different contexts.





Clear emphasis on Multiple sources of summative assessment evidence Teachers will build a profile of pupils language development and assess them individually. A combination of formative and summative assessment methods.

Thinking skill Learning how to learn skill ICT Multiple Intelligence Values and citizenship Knowledge Acquisition Preparation for the real world

Thinking skill Mastery learning ICT Multiple Intelligence Constructivism Contextual learning Learning how to learn skill Values and citizenship Knowledge Acquisition Creative and innovation Entrepreneurship


Vision 2020 was initiated by Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, Malaysian Prime Minister, on February 28, 1991 and since then it has become a major guideline for any policy formulation in the country, not excluding the education policy. The basic aim of this vision is to create a"developed Malaysia" by the year 2020. It will cover overall achievement in term of national unity, social integration, economic standard, social justice, political stability and improving the quality of life, both in the social and spiritual aspects as well as in instilling pride and confidence of the nation.

The future nation has to be more experienced and mature society. It also emphasizes the essence of creating a progressive society with highly scientific and technological achievement and these all require quality human resources with a base of quality education system. How to harmonize and coordinate the education system that will suit such demands? Some proposed reformations are suggested in the school structure, curriculums, teaching techniques and pupils career development in relation to real working life at current and future demands. The Eight Proposal

Dr Mahathir outlined nine strategic challenges that Malaysia must overcome to achieve Vision 2020.[1][2][4]

Challenge 1: Establishing a united Malaysian nation made up of one Bangsa Malaysia (Malaysian Race). Challenge 2: Creating a psychologically liberated, secure and developed Malaysian society. Challenge 3: Fostering and developing a mature democratic society. Challenge 4: Establishing a fully moral and ethical society. Challenge 5: Establishing a matured liberal and tolerant society. Challenge 6: Establishing a scientific and progressive society. Challenge 7: Establishing a fully caring society. Challenge 8: Ensuring an economically just society, in which there is a fair and equitable distribution of the wealth of the nation. Challenge 9: Establishing a prosperous society with an economy that is fully competitive, dynamic, robust and resilient


Does KBSR and KSSR developed and implemented in school are able to achieve all the nine challenges?

Inclusive Education Integrated Education Schools with low Enrolment Cluster School of Excellence High Performance School