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Dairy Industry

An Overview of the Dairy Industry in Georgia
An Overview of the Dairy Industry in Georgia
Dairy Industry An Overview of the Dairy Industry in Georgia Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office Dr.
Dairy Industry An Overview of the Dairy Industry in Georgia Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office Dr.

Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office

Dr. Frank Flanders and Scott Register April 2006

Objectives Students will be able to:  Explain the importance of the dairy industry in Georgia.
Objectives
Students will be able to:
Explain the importance of the dairy industry in
Georgia.
Name 4 dairy products.
Name 3 or more of the 6 major dairy breeds.
State key facts about each breed.
Name the top three dairy producing counties.
Rank the Dairy Industry compared to other Georgia
agricultural commodities.
Rank Georgia with other states in dairy production.

Why is the dairy industry important?

Dairy products comprise a major part of our

diet.

The average American consumes about 66 gallons of milk per year. This includes not only drinking milk but also products that use milk.

Milk production in Georgia totaled 1.47 billion pounds from 660 dairy farms in

  • 2002. Production is steadily increasing

each year.

Georgia currently has over 84,000 dairy cows.

Why is the dairy industry important? Dairy products comprise a major part of our diet. The
Why is the dairy industry important? Dairy products comprise a major part of our diet. The
Dairy Products
Dairy Products

There are over 30 main types of dairy products. However, dairy products are a part of almost all recipes and foods.

Yogurt Ice Creams Butter
Yogurt
Ice Creams
Butter

Most common categories are:

Milk

Cheese Sour Cream

Dairy Products There are over 30 main types of dairy products. However, dairy products are a
Dairy Cow Breeds There are 5 major dairy breeds Holstein Brown Swiss Jersey Guernsey Ayrshire Milking
Dairy Cow Breeds
There are 5 major dairy breeds
Holstein
Brown Swiss
Jersey
Guernsey
Ayrshire
Milking Shorthorn

Holstein

Holstein Originated in Europe Distinguished by their black and white markings (sometimes black and red, as
Holstein Originated in Europe Distinguished by their black and white markings (sometimes black and red, as

Originated in Europe Distinguished by their black and white markings

(sometimes black and red, as a recessive gene) On average 9 out of 10 dairy cows are Holstein Produces the most milk per cow of all the breeds This is the breed made more popular by Chick-fil-A® ads.

They are not a beef breed, but the ads are clever and effective. However, a large portion of beef comes from Holstein steers and past production cows.

Brown Swiss

Brown Swiss Originated in Switzerland Colors can range from nearly white to very dark brown Most
Brown Swiss Originated in Switzerland Colors can range from nearly white to very dark brown Most

Originated in Switzerland Colors can range from nearly white to very dark brown Most resilient breed, can withstand harsh elements

Jersey

Jersey Originated in the Isle of Jersey, off the French coast Second most popular breed to
Jersey Originated in the Isle of Jersey, off the French coast Second most popular breed to

Originated in the Isle of Jersey, off the French coast Second most popular breed to the Holstein

Smallest of all the dairy breeds

Milk contains the highest butterfat content

Guernsey

Guernsey Originated in Isle of Guernsey, in the English Channel Their color is a shade of
Guernsey Originated in Isle of Guernsey, in the English Channel Their color is a shade of

Originated in Isle of Guernsey, in the English Channel Their color is a shade of fawn with white markings Consumes 20 to 30 percent less feed per pound of milk produced than larger dairy breeds

Total number of this breed is decreasing

Ayrshire

Ayrshire Originated in Ayr in Scotland Their color varies from light to deep cherry red, mahogany,
Ayrshire Originated in Ayr in Scotland Their color varies from light to deep cherry red, mahogany,

Originated in Ayr in Scotland

Their color varies from light to deep cherry red, mahogany, brown, or a combination

of these colors with white. Some are all white.

Formerly used as dual-purpose breed for dairy and meat producers

Milking Shorthorn

Milking Shorthorn Originated in Northeastern England in the Valley of the Tees River Can range in
Milking Shorthorn Originated in Northeastern England in the Valley of the Tees River Can range in

Originated in Northeastern England in the Valley of the Tees River Can range in colors from either red, red and white, white or roan Most versatile of all breeds Originally used for meat, later developed more for the milking industry

Dairy Producing Counties in Georgia
Dairy Producing Counties in Georgia

In 2004 the counties with the most:

Head of dairy cattle

1

Macon

9,000

2

Putnam

8,500

3

Morgan

6,200

4

Brooks

6,000

5

Appling

4,500

6

Mitchell

3,820

7

Greene

3,000

8

Burke

2,800

9

Wilkes

2,800

10 Jasper

2,500

Average milk production per head of cattle – in pounds 1 Randolph 2 Laurens 3 Sumter
Average milk production per head of
cattle – in pounds
1 Randolph
2 Laurens
3 Sumter
4 Ware
5 Cherokee
22,300
22,125
22,100
22,049
22,000
Georgia’s Commodity Value
Georgia’s Commodity Value
Rank by Item sale Sales ($1000) Percent of total sales Poultry and eggs 1 2,780,214 56.6
Rank by
Item
sale
Sales ($1000)
Percent of total
sales
Poultry and eggs
1
2,780,214
56.6
Vegetables, melons, and potatoes
2
383,556
7.8
Cotton and cotton seed
3
318,013
6.5
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture
4
315,324
6.4
Other crops and hay
5
246,936
5
Cattle and calves
6
240,070
4.9
Milk and other dairy products from
cows
7
212,720
4.3
Fruits, tree nuts and berries
8
122,151
2.5
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry
peas
9
102,464
2.1
Tobacco
10
89,058
1.8
US Milk Production Top milk production states
US Milk Production
Top milk production states
US Milk Production Top milk production states 1 California 2 Wisconsin 3 New York 4 Pennsylvania
  • 1 California

  • 2 Wisconsin

  • 3 New York

  • 4 Pennsylvania

  • 5 Idaho

Georgia ranks 25 in this ranking

Interesting Facts  It takes 2.5 gallons of milk to make one gallon of ice cream.
Interesting Facts
It takes 2.5 gallons of milk to make one gallon of ice cream.
It takes 10 gallons of milk to make one pound of cheese.
It takes two gallons of water to create one gallon of milk.
500 gallons of blood have to pass through the udder to produce
one gallon of milk.
The average cow produces 6-8 gallons of milk per day. That
is 96 to 128 glasses of milk per day.
You would have to eat 2.5 cups of broccoli or 1 cup of turnip
greens to equal the calcium in two servings of dairy products.
Assessment
Assessment
1. Name 4 dairy products.
1. Name 4 dairy products.
2.
2.

Which of the following is the most accurate about the number of dairy cattle in Georgia?

A. 4,568 B. Over 1,000 C. Over 84,000 D. Over 1,000,000 3. Name 3 of the
A.
4,568
B. Over 1,000
C.
Over 84,000
D. Over 1,000,000
3.
Name 3 of the 6 major dairy breeds.
4.
Which is the most versatile dairy breed?
Assessment 1. Name 4 dairy products. 2. Which of the following is the most accurate about
5. Which breed of dairy cattle are typically black and white? 6. Which breed of dairy
5.
Which breed of dairy cattle are typically black and white?
6.
Which breed of dairy cattle produces the most butterfat in their milk?
A. Brown Swiss
C. Ayrshire
B. Jersey
D. Holstein
Assessment Continued 7. Name one of the top dairy counties in Georgia. 8. Milk products rank
Assessment Continued
7.
Name one of the top dairy counties in Georgia.
8.
Milk products rank
in Georgia’s total commodities
worth.
A.
4
B. 1
C.
56
C. 7
9.
What is Georgia’s ranking in the US for milk production?
A.
25
B. 2
C.
10
C. 50
10. What state ranks number one in milk production?
A.
Ohio
B. Kentucky
C. Wisconsin D. California
C. Wisconsin
D. California
Assessment Continued 7. Name one of the top dairy counties in Georgia. 8. Milk products rank
Quiz Key 1. Milk, Yogurt, Cheese, Ice Cream, Sour Cream, Butter (and any other specifics) 2.
Quiz Key
1.
Milk, Yogurt, Cheese, Ice Cream, Sour Cream,
Butter (and any other specifics)
2.
C. Over 84,000
3.
Holstein, Brown Swiss, Jersey, Guernsey,
Ayrshire, Milking Shorthorn
4.
Milking Shorthorn
5.
Holstein
6.
Jersey
Quiz Key Continued 7. Macon, Putnam, Morgan, Brooks, and Appling are the top five 8. C.
Quiz Key Continued
7.
Macon, Putnam, Morgan, Brooks, and Appling
are the top five
8.
C.
7
9.
A.
25
10. D. California
10. D. California
Quiz Key Continued 7. Macon, Putnam, Morgan, Brooks, and Appling are the top five 8. C.
Quiz Key Continued 7. Macon, Putnam, Morgan, Brooks, and Appling are the top five 8. C.
References  http://www.georgiastats.uga.edu/sasweb/cgi-bin/broker  http://www.georgiastats.uga.edu/sasweb/cgi-bin/broker  http://www.fmmacentral.com/PDFdata/msb200502.pdf  http://www.dailyping.com/archive/2000/05/28/
References
http://www.georgiastats.uga.edu/sasweb/cgi-bin/broker
http://www.georgiastats.uga.edu/sasweb/cgi-bin/broker
http://www.fmmacentral.com/PDFdata/msb200502.pdf
http://www.dailyping.com/archive/2000/05/28/