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Model Length Analysis

Sean ORourke - 416910


Objective: To study the bulk mean temperature at the outlet of the heat gun whilst varying the length of the model.
Aims: Conduct an initial analysis on a simple model to reduce computation time
Investigate what effect varying the length of the model has on the bulk mean temperature and temperature variation at the outlet of the heat gun Find the optimal length of the model to be used on a optimised design Refine cells on an optimised model in the respective area of interest Repeat the second aim Make a final recommendation for the final design of the heat gun

Model Length Analysis


a c

a=b
Goals used for initial model;

c = constant offset by 20mm


Proposed lengths for analysis;

Global Goal Max Temp Solid


Global Goal Max Temp Fluid All dimensions changed in proportion

100 - 400 mm
In increments of 50mm

C always offset by 20mm


Basic Modal for quick Computation time

Model Length Analysis


Surface Plot of Nozzle @100mm

Surface Plot of Nozzle @ 400mm

Fluid cells = 6376 Solid cells = 2254 Partial cells = 16244

Fluid cells = 5300 Solid cells = 7656 Partial cells = 36588

Recommendations to Group
From table it can be seen that 400mm gives the lowest bulk mean average temperature

Change in outlet temperature is lowest at


longest length As design module 400mm would have to be feasible length Market research was conducted on the length of heat guns on the market Found to be average of 319mm

Therefore it is recommended that the length of


the initial optimised model should be 300mm

Dimensions found on www.amazon.co.uk

Initial Optimised Design Manual Initial Mesh

Fluid cells display a good step change However, the cells are not square which is there optimum size and they are too dense in areas of no significant interest By inserting control planes, the cell can be controlled in areas of interest

Initial Optimised Design Manual Initial Local Mesh


The point of interest was the nozzle and the temperature of the fluid around this area. Areas not of particular interest were selected and all refinement

options were unchecked. As shown across >


The area of interest however, the nozzle, to determine the optimal mesh for this, the nozzle was selected and the fluid cells refined.

Initial Optimised Design 200mm


Fluid cells = 72328 Solid cells = 41845

Partial cells = 90435

Initial Optimised Design 300mm

Fluid cells = 52540 Solid cells = 43640 Partial cells = 64125

Initial Optimised Design 400mm

Fluid cells = 42975 Solid cells = 33432

Partial cells = 52943

Recommendations to Final Design


The process of varying length of the model was repeated A refined mesh was applied to the optimised model The original recommendation of 300mm showed a minor decrease in the bulk mean

average temperature.
Results suggest that varying the length does not have a significant effect on the bulk mean outlet temperature, hence why the conclusion into varying the length of the model suggests that a new heater design is trialled to try and create more turbulence and encouraging mixing of the fluid possibly resulting in a more uniform outlet temperature