Gustar y los verbos similares

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s6zwDgj7PCs Canción de amor de Titanic

Miniprueba: el imperfecto y vocabulario del episodio 8

Los objectos indirectos
The direct object is the noun or pronoun that the verb acts directly on. The indirect object is the person affected by the action buy not acted directly upon. I write the message to my boss. Escribo el mensaje. Escribo el mensaje a mi jefe.

I write the message.

The message is what was written/influenced by/acted on by the verb. My boss was eventually involved, but the verb didn’t directly affect or contact him.

Indirect object pronouns
These generally translate to “to a person” or “for a person”

me—me, to me, for me
te—to/for you le—to you/Usted, to him, to her (for Ud., him her)

nos—to/for us

les—to/for ustedes (Uds.), to/for them

Like the direct object pronouns, these go directly before conjugated verbs. With compound verbs, they go before the entire verb or after and attached to the last word (the infinitive).

Explico la gramática a los estudiantes.
To whom do I explain the grammar? To the students.

What’s the substitution?—plural, 3rd person-LES Like the other pronouns, these go before a conjugated verb: LES explico la gramática.

Simple enough, no?

Vamos a ver:

Yo compré la comida para mis amigos. Tienen que dar la tarea a mí.

Yo LES compré la comida.

ME tiene que dar la tarea.

Tienen que darME la tarea. El presidente explicó el problema a nosotros. El presidente NOS explicó el problema.

Sustituciones (¡y frutas!)
Your mother went out shopping and bought fruit for everyone. Indicate for whom she bought each fruit, using the indirect obj. pronouns. Ej. Mamá compró duraznos para él. Le compró duraznos (¿qué son duraznos?) 1. Mamá compró manzanas para mí. 2. Mamá compró peras para nosotros. 3. Mamá compró uvas para ella. 4. Mamá compró una piña para ti. 5. Mamá compró melocotones para Ud. 6. Mamá compró una sandía para ellos. 7. Mamá compró cerezas para Uds. 8. Mamá compró fresas para él. 9. Mamá compró bananas para Rodolfo. 10. Mamá compró mangos para Sofía.

But wait! There’s more!
Te explico la situación.

Le damos el dinero.

Le—to him, to her, to Ud. If the context has already been established, then using LE (or LES) will be clear. If not, or if there may be confusion, you’ll have to include the person or people that LE or LES is substituting for.

Hablo con Tito y Marco, y le doy mi número de teléfono.

I talked to both of them, but to whom did I give my phone number??

Le doy mi número a Marco.

A Marcos le doy mi número (word order is flexible.)

When LE or LES substitutes for Ud. or Uds., these personal pronouns are usually included because it sounds more formal or polite. Le doy las gracias a Ud. A Ud. le doy las gracias. I give you my thanks.

Otro uso de los objetos indirectos
• • • • • me te le nos les

Se usa los objetos indirectos con el verbo gustar
Me gusta el verano. Summer is pleasing to me/Summer pleases me/I like summer.

Singular thing that you like, singular form of the verb Me gustan las vacaciones. Plural thing that you like, plural verb Vacations are pleasing to me/I like vacations. But it’s not all about you, and you can do more than just like things.

Word order in Spanish is more flexible.

El verano me gusta. The meaning is exactly the same. Las vacaciones me gustan.

Use this structure if it’s easier to see how the verb relates to the noun in the first part of the sentence.

First, the other people

Nos gusta comer.

When you talk about what you like to DO, you use the infinitive form of the verb, and and it’s singular, even if it’s more than one action.

Nos gusta correr y nadar.

Un poco de confusión

Le gusta bailar.

To whom does LE refer?

Sometimes it’s necessary to be redundant. So you’ll have the pronoun AND the name of the person that the pronoun replaces. You’ll need the personal A, the person’s name and the indirect object pronoun. The word order is flexible. Laura likes to dance [Dancing A Laura le gusta bailar.. Le gusta bailar a Laura. is liked by Laura].

Handout about preferences “Entreviste a su compañero”
Ask the question “¿Te gusta.....?”

Answer... “Me gusta / No me gusta.....”

A mí me...... A more emphatic way of stressing what I like

A ti te.... A more emphatic way of stating what you like

Los verbos como gustar
Gustar is not the only verb that operates in this way and that needs an Indirect object pronoun.

Verbs that work like gustar
Aburrir
Doler Me Te Le Nos Les Importar Asustar

Interesar

Faltar

Molestar Fascinar

Encantar

Doler—what hurts you

Me duele la cabeza. My head hurts me.

Ayer ella corrió mucho y ahora le duelen las piernas. Yesterday she ran a lot and now her legs hurt her.

Importar—what’s important to you
¿A los estudiantes les importan las notas? Are grades important to students?

No me importa—I don’t care.

Interesar—What’s interesting to you
A mi padre le interesa la política. Politics are interesting to my father.

A mi hermano le interesan los deportes.

Sports are interesting to my brother.

Molestar—What bothers or annoys you

Me molestan los insectos. Insects bother me. Me molestan las personas ignorantes. Ignorant people are annoying to me.

Fascinar—what’s fascinating to you
Me fascina viajar. Travelling fascinates me. A mis padres no les fascinan las computadoras. Computers don’t fascinate my parents.

Aburrir—what you’re bored by
Me aburren los libros de Twilight. The Twilight books bore me. (Seriously, the writer only knows 4 adjectives.) A los profesores nos aburren las reuniones largas. Professors are bored by long meetings.

Asustar—What frightens you
No me asustan los perros. Dogs don’t frighten me. Al niño le asusta la noche. The boy is afraid of the night /the dark.

Faltar—what you’re needing, lacking
Me falta dormir. I need sleep. Sleep is needed by me. A mi mamá le faltan zapatos nuevos. My mom needs new shoes. New shoes are lacked by my mom.

Encantar—what you really like, “love”
Me encanta viajar. I love to travel. Travel is loved by me. Te encantan los deportes. You love sports. Sports are loved by you.

Las reacciones
las matemáticas los gatos esquiar las películas de horror

dormir
el frío la historia el chocolate el béisbol los hombres guapos el español las películas románticas

tarea Worksheets 4.10 and 4.11

Back to the pretérito e imperfecto next class.

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