Content – Based Instruction

early foreign magnate classroom.!.Content – Based Instruction History • Early versions of the CBI were used in English for Specific Purposes programs. Second Language immersions programs for K. and a variety of L! vocational and wor"place instructional conte#ts .

in university level foreign language instruction. in some $ilingual education in Europe and in English for %cademic Purposes programs& . it has $ecome a widespread approach in K ! classrooms for $oth in L and L!.Content – Based Instruction History • In the recent years.

2230 suggests that content )&&&need not $e academic4 it can include any topic.Content – Based Instruction Definition of Terms: 'hat is Content( • )It is clearly *academic su$+ect matter.Crandall and /uc"er0& • 1enesee . theme or non-language issue of interest or importance to the learners- ..

Content – Based Instruction Definition of Terms: 'hat is Content( • Chaput . 2250 defines content as )&&&any topic of intellectual su$stance which contri$utes to the students. and is material that e#tends $eyond the target language or target culture- . understanding of language in general. 2220 has proposed that )7*content. in content-$ased programs represents material that is cognitively engaging and demanding for the learner. and the target language in particular• 6et .

social studies0 within the conte#t of teaching a second or foreign language- . math.e&g&. 2280 define it as )&&&an approach to language instruction that integrates the presentation of topics or tas"s from su$+ect matter classes .Content – Based Instruction As a Language Approach • Crandall and /uc"er .

limiting it to only those )&&&curriculum concepts $eing taught through the foreign language &&& appropriate to the grade level of the students&&&• Krueger and 9yan .Content – Based Instruction As a Language Approach • Curtain and Pesola . 225$0 distinguish $etween content$ased and form-based instruction. 2230 use the term in a more restricted way. and note that the term discipline-based more appropriately captures the integration of language learning with different academic disciplines and contents& .

Content – Based Instruction Benefits of content based instruction • Learners are e#posed to a considera$le amount of language through stimulating content& • CBI supports conte#tuali:ed learning4 learners are taught useful language that is em$edded within relevant discourse conte#ts rather than as isolated language fragments& .

leads to intrinsic motivation& • In CBI information is reiterated $y strategically delivering information at right time . adapta$ility in the curriculum can $e deployed as per the students interest .Content – Based Instruction Benefits of content based instruction • Comple# information is delivered through real life conte#t for the students to grasp well . situation compelling the students to learn out of passion& • 1reater fle#i$ility .

purposeful language practice opportunities drawn from a variety of topics& .Content – Based Instruction Program Design and Decision Making • Ensuring that non-native students learn the content of the curriculum and are prepared for academic success4 • Providing students with the discourse styles and language toots of their field of study or career4 • Enhancing language learning $y providing motivating topics to communicate a$out4 and • Enhancing language learning $y providing meaningful.

Content – Based Instruction hat does a content-based instruction lesson look like! Preparation – Choose a su$+ect of interest to students& – <ind three or four suita$le sources that deal with different aspects of the su$+ect& /hese could $e we$sites. reference $oo"s. audio or video of lectures or even real people& .

Content – Based Instruction hat does a content-based instruction lesson look like! =uring the lesson – =ivide the class into small groups and assign each group a small research tas" and a source of information to use to help them fulfil the tas"& – /hen once they have done their research they form new groups with students that used other information sources and share and compare their information& – /here should then $e some product as the end result of this sharing of information which could ta"e the form of a group report or presentation of some "ind& .

Content – Based Instruction 'hat are the advantages of content-$ased instruction( • It can ma"e learning a language more interesting and motivating& Students can use the language to fulfil a real purpose. which can ma"e students $oth more independent and confident& • Students can also develop a much wider "nowledge of the world through CBI which can feed $ac" into improving and supporting their general educational needs& .

re-evaluating and restructuring that information can help students to develop very valua$le thin"ing s"ills that can then $e transferred to other su$+ects& • /he inclusion of a group wor" element within the framewor" given a$ove can also help students to develop their colla$orative s"ills. which can have great social value& .Content – Based Instruction 'hat are the advantages of content-$ased instruction( • CBI is very popular among E%P . summarising and e#tracting "ey information from te#ts& • /a"ing information from different sources.English for %cademic Purposes0 teachers as it helps students to develop valua$le study s"ills such as note ta"ing.

Content – Based Instruction 'hat are the potential pro$lems( • Because CBI isn>t e#plicitly focused on language learning. some students may feel confused or may even feel that they aren>t improving their language s"ills • Particularly in monolingual classes. the overuse of the students> native language during parts of the lesson can $e a pro$lem& • It can $e hard to find information sources and te#ts that lower levels can understand& • Some students may copy directly from the source te#ts they use to get their information& .

9eferences • http?@@www&carla&umn&edu@co$altt@modules@prin • https?@@www&teachingenglish&org&u"@article@cont • http?@@en&wi"ipedia&org@wi"i@Content-$asedAins .

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