You are on page 1of 31

GAS LAWS

PRESSURE LAW

Pressure’s Law states that for a fixed mass of gas, the pressure of the gas, P is directly proportional to its absolute temperature, T when its volume, V is kept constant.

AT A GLANCE

12 To determine the relationship between pressure and temperature of a fixed mass of gas at .EXPERIMENT 4.

INFERENCE .

Pressure depends on absolute temperature. .

AIM .

.AI M To determine the relationship between pressure and temperature at constant volume for a fixed mass of gas at constant volume.

HYPOTHESIS .

.HYPOTHESIS Ep The pressure of a fixed mass of gas increases when the absoulte temperature rises.

VARIABLES .

VARIABLES Manipulated variable Responding variable Fixed variable Absolute temperature Pressure of trapped air. P of the air in Mass the flask .

APPARATUS & MATERIALS .

bunsen burner.APPARATUS Round bottom flask. tripod stand with wire gauze. rubber tube. Bourdon gauge. stirrer. retort . 600 ml beaker Thermometer.

PROCEDURE .

Bourdon gauge Thermometer Stirrer Beaker Water Figure 4.12 .

2. The apparatus is set up as shown in the figure above.1. The round-bottomed flask is immersed in a beaker of water. . The water in the beaker is heated slowly and stirred continuosly.

4. P is read from the Bourdon gauge. the pressure of the air.3. . 80ºC and 90ºC. 70ºC. 50ºC. 60ºC. Steps 2 and 3 are repeated for values of temperature. When the temperature = 30ºC. = 40ºC.

A graph of. . The readings are tabulated. P against temparature.5. is plotted.

RESULTS .

01 0.0 1. P / kPa 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 0 0.06 1.Temperature. θ /ºC Pressure.4 .02 0.04 0.

DISCUSSIONS .

Manipulated variable : Absolute temperature Responding variable : Pressure of air Fixed variable : Mass of air in the flask . Identify all the variables in this experiment.1.

Heat transfer from the higher temperature to the lower temperature . Why is this so ? Because the bottom flask is in contact with the beaker. It can be assumed that the temperature of the air in the round bottom flask is equal to the temperature of the water in the beaker.2.

At what temperature does the pressure of the air become zero ? 30ºC 4. The pressure of a fixed mass of gas increases when the absolute temperature . Do the results of the experiment support your hypothesis ? Yes.3.

MODIFICATIONS .

uniformly. Use smaller rate of heat round bottom transfer more flask. Explainations 1. Increase the number of bunsen burner.Modifications 1. . Thus the reading of heating increases. Hence. the 2. 2.

CONCLUSION .

the pressure is directly proportional to its absolute temperature. The hypothesis is accepted. .CONCLUSION For a fixed mass of gas at constant volume.

PRECAUTIONS .

P R E C A U T I O NS 1. Liquid must be stirred constantly so that temperature rises evenly. .