Typical and Disordered Communication

Overview
• What is communication? • Components of communication – Language • _____ • ________ • ____ – Speech • Voice • Articulation • Fluency/Stuttering – Hearing • _________ • Central Auditory Processing • Classification of Communication Disorders • Video- Understanding Speech vs. Language

Your Communication in the Past 24 Hours .

cont’d • Communication Allows us to: – express needs & wants – __________________ – __________________ – fulfill social etiquette requirements .

cont’d • Communication can be: – ________ – ________ • Variables that affect communication & its success or failure: – cultural identity – setting – participants .

Components of Communication Communication Language Speech Hearing .

or signed .Language • A socially shared system of arbitrary symbols used for communication • Has rules for combining the symbols into meaningful units • __________ • _________ • Can be oral. written.

Speech • _______________________________ .

Hearing • ___________________________ .

client).Personal Experiences • Discuss with a couple of your neighbors any experiences you have had with individuals with communication disorders (e. family member. – Did these individuals have difficulties related to speech.. and/or hearing? .g. language. friend.

Components of Communication Language Form (syntax & morphology) Speech Hearing Content (semantics) Use (pragmatics) .

Language – Form • The physical (visual and auditory) _______________________ – What it sounds like and looks like .

Form • Phonology – “________________” – Individual sounds that make up words • Morphology – “_________________” – The study of word structures/pieces of words – A collection of rules for combining “pieces” to form words • Syntax – “_________________” – A collection of rules for combining words into phrases and sentences (word order.Language . sentence structure) .

Language – Form • If difficulties with phonology. morphology. and/or syntax  difficulties with the form of language • Remember: the form of language has to do with structure .

Language .Content • The _________________ .

Language .Content • ____________ – The study of the meaning in language – Vocabulary is a part of semantics .

Language – Content • If difficulties with vocabulary and the meaning of words  ______________________ .

to put words in a particular order (syntax). or to use certain vocabulary (semantics) – There is a broader purpose to communication.Use • ____________________________________ _________________________ – That is. we don’t communicate in order to make sounds (phonology). to put appropriate prefixes or suffixes on words (morphology).Language . This is what pragmatics is all about .

Use • Pragmatics – The study of rules that govern language use in social situations (spoken and written) • Examples: – knowing when to take a turn in a conversation – _________________ – ____________________ – Asking partners questions about themselves (and not just talking about yourself) –  these are all a part of pragmatics .Language .

Dad: Yes. and pragmatics of these sentences with a few classmates: Dad: Where are your new shoes? Child: Me no have shoe. semantics.• Discuss the phonology. you do. . syntax. Where are they? Child: Me go pay (for “play”). morphology.

Components of Communication Language Form (syntax & morphology) Speech Hearing Voice Articulation Content (semantics) Use (pragmatics) Fluency .

a structure in the neck • _______________ – The movement of the speech mechanism to produce the sounds of speech .Speech • Voice – ______________________ – Produced in the larynx.

flowing. and effortless speech .Speech • ____________ – Easy. smooth.

Components of Communication Language Speech Hearing Content (semantics) Form (syntax & morphology) Voice Articulation Acuity Central Auditory Processing Use (pragmatics) Fluency .

Hearing • Acuity – __________________ • Central Auditory Processing Disorder – Normal hearing acuity – Difficulty understanding speech .

Classification of Communication Disorders • Etiology – cause of the problem – _________: Neurological or physiological cause – __________: Do not have a known organic cause • Progression of the disorder – ______________: Deteriorates over time – ______________: does not deteriorate over time .

or shortly after the time of birth – __________: Occurs after a period of normal communication .Classification of Communication Disorders • Age of Onset: – ____________________: Occurs before. during.

Review • What is communication? • Components of communication – Language • Content • Form • Use – Speech • Voice • Articulation • Fluency/Stuttering – Hearing • Acuity • Central Auditory Processing • Classification of Communication Disorders .