INTRODUCTION

Who are you?          Name Sex Age Place & date of birth Address Interest Occupation Religion Phone number : : : : : : : : : .

a drugstore. A place where drugs are sold. Also called apothecary. .Pharmacy ……   The art of preparing and dispensing drugs.

and distribution of drugs. or relieve the symptoms of disease. production. For relations to closely allied fields. development. Drugs are substances (other than devices) used to diagnose. Pharmaceutical chemistry. prevent. See also Medicine. Pharmacognosy. cure. Pharmacology. The health profession concerned with the discovery. .

an internationally recognized symbol to represent the pharmacy profession .The mortar and pestle.

and dispensing of medicaments used to treat disease. all produced under stringent conditions. and injections. capsules. quality control. Pharmacy derives its name from the Greek root pharmakon. The majority of modern medicaments consist of tablets. . Pharmacy is concerned with the manufacture. a drug. formulation.

 Pharmacy (from the Greek φάϕ μακον 'pharmakon' = drug) is the health profession that links the health sciences with the chemical sciences. and it is charged with ensuring the safe and effective use of medication. .

In addition to pharma responsibilities. . The pharma (as it was referred to) often operated through a retail shop which. The word pharmacy is derived from its root word pharma which was a term used since the 1400–1600s. the pharma offered general medical advice and a range of services that are now performed solely by other specialist practitioners. sold tobacco and patent medicines. in addition to ingredients for medicines. The pharmas also used many other herbs not listed. such as surgery and midwifery.

They formerly mixed and measured drug products from raw materials according to doctors' prescriptions. and they are still responsible for formulating. Pharmacists. and providing correct dosages of medicines. preparation. now usually produced by pharmaceutical companies as premeasured tablets or capsules. Science dealing with collection. who must earn a qualifying degree. storing. . and standardization of drugs. prepare and dispense prescribed medications.

which outlines the purity and dosages of numerous medicinal products . They also advise patients on the use of both prescription and over-the-counter drugs. Laws regulating the pharmaceutical industry are based on the national pharmacopoeia.

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also calling themselves colleges. and all of them sooner or later engaged in pharmaceutical instruction. were formed in Boston. New York City.Pharmaceutical Education  Pharmaceutical education began in the United States with the founding of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy (now the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia) in 1821. Louis. Cincinnati. Local societies of pharmacy. Baltimore. Chicago. but the Philadelphia College offered lectures almost from the start. The term"college" was intended at first to suggest only a society rather than a school.  . and St.

consisting mainly of a series of lectures in the evening in rented rooms. By 1900 about sixty programs were or had been in operation. The program of instruction in these institutions. . especially in the good number that were private and proprietary. was indeed meager.

day program of two years. . the length and the curricular requirements took off from there. The University of Wisconsin followed suit in 1883 and nine years later it pioneered in offering a four-year program leading to a bachelor's degree. both in and beyond the drugstore. eventually developing a full-time. In 1868 the University of Michigan embarked upon a full program of scientific training in pharmacy. As noted. reflecting new developments in the pharmaceutical sciences and the changing professional role of the pharmacist.

. and clinical pharmacy became part of the curriculum. hospital. Externship programs in community. industrial. The curriculum changes demanded by the doctorate included more attention to the humanities and emphasized clinical pharmacy and relatively new sciences like pharmacokinetics and pharmacotherapeutics.

radioactive pharmaceuticals. preparation and revision of a hospital formulary. provision of drugs for nursing stations. The pharmacist may have charge of investigational drugs. teaching of nurses and medical and pharmacy interns. and monitoring the drug regimen of the individual patient (clinical pharmacy). medical and surgical sterile supplies. A hospital pharmacy includes special administrative features. . service to the hospital committee on pharmacy and therapeutics. manufacturing of pharmaceutical preparations. and gaseous drugs for inhalation therapy.

reducing the requirement for extemporaneous manufacture of products by dispensing pharmacists. decoctions. elixirs. Usually only a tiny part of the product is active drug. Many old-fashioned forms of medication — such as mixtures. the rest being the ‘excipient’ which provides an appropriate vehicle for delivery to the patient. and syrups — have now virtually disappeared. . emulsions. tinctures.