SOME TERMS IN MEDICAL WORLD

Pharmacy Lecture August 2011

Where are medical workers and patient?  Surgical ward : bangsal bedah  Medical ward : bangsal penyakit dalam  Orthopedic ward : bangsal ortopedi  Gynecological ward: bangsal penyakit kandungan  Pediatric ward : bangsal penyakit anak  Dermatological ward: bangsal penyakit kulit  Longstay ward : bangsal rawat inap  Intensive care unit : unit perawat intensif .

 X-ray department : bagian (rontgent) ronsen  Central sterile supply department(CSSD): pusat sterilisasi  Dispensary : apotek  Maternity unit : bagian kelahiran  Physioterapy department: bagian fisioterapi  Antenatal clinic : klinik antenatal  Postnatal clinic : klinik pasca melahirkan  Psychiatric unit : bangsal psikiatrik  Admission department : bagian pendaftaran  Infectious disease unit : unit penyakit menular  Anaeshtetic room : ruang anastetik  Internist : ahli penyakit dalam .

o  tab. : twice a day : three times a day : four times a day : when necessary : once every two hours : before meals : after meals : orally (through the mouth) : tablets .d  q.r.i.d  p.i.c:  p.Some abbreviation  b.n  2 hrly  a.i.d  t.c  p.

 caps. pulse and respiration : blood pressure : central nervous system : central venous system : respiration rate : brought in dead : road traffic accident : head injury : over dose : patient .  TPR  BP  CNS  CVS  RR  BID  RTA  HI  OD  Pt : capsules : temperature.

 Ep  ChB  DVT  MI  HPU  SWO  TOP  PV  PR  BIB  NAD : epileptic : chronic bronchitis : deep vain trombosit : myocardial infraction : has passed urine : stomach washout : termination pregnancy : through the vagina : through the rectum : blanket bath : nothing abnormal detected .

60 : zero point sixty + : add/ plus/ and _ : minus/ substract X : times/ multiply : : divided / : over/ per = : equal/ same with . ECG : electrocardiagram  EEG : elektroencephalogram  3x1 : three times a day  3x500 mg: three five hundred miligram  0.

How to convert the temperature? Fahrenheit 212 194 176 158 140 122 104 86 68 50 32 14 0 Centigrade 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 -17.8 .

how to convert Fahrenheit into centigrade formula : -32 X 5 : 9 e.Temperature Conversion  A.g. : 1000 F – 32 = 68 68 X 5 = 340 430 : 9 = 37.70 C .

g.7 X 9 = 340 340 : 5 = 68 68 + 32 = 1000 F . How to convert centigrade into Fahrenheit formula : X9 :5 + 32 e. : 37.

05 zero poin o five 2x250 mg two two and fifty miligram 160/90 2x150 mg two one houndret and fifty miligram houndret and .Practise the words below:  20x/m Twenty time per minute  10x5 Ten times five days  20:4=5 Twenty divided four equal five  4x250mgs four two houndret miligram  3/5 three per five  360 C thirty six centigrade 0.

2 + 32 = 93.20 F  860 F = -32 X 5 : 9 =  86-32 = 54. -90 : 5 =-18 + 32 = 140 F . 54 x 5 = 270 : 9 = 300 C  -100 C= X9 :5 + 32  -10 x 9 = -90.Convert these!  340 C = X9 :5 + 32 =  34 x 9 = 306. 306 : 5 = 61.

1 gm . 1. 2.5 gm = 500 mg 100mg= 0.5 litres? 500 cc 5. 3. There are 1000 ml in a litre 1 litre There are 1000 cc in a litre 1 litre There are 1000 mg in a gm 1 gm how many ml are in 2 litres? 2000 ml How many mg are there in 5 gm? 5000 mg How many ml are there in 0.2 gm = 1200 mg 50 mg= 0.05 gm 6.MEASUREMENT    1. How many cc are there in 0.025 litres? 25 ml 4. 0.

Child dose = age of child (years) x adult dose age + 12 Infant’s dose = age (months) x adult dose 150 Children under one year old are given 1/24 of the adult dose. Children of one year old are given 1/12 of the adult dose. Slightly too Much or too little may make an important Difference.Drug must be measured correctly so that the patient has exactly the right dose. .

 At 10 years ½ the adult dose is given. How big dose .  At 5 years they can take ¼ of the adult dose.  At 20 years the adult dose is given. An adult is given two tablets. how big is the adult dose? 100 mg 3. 1. If a 5 years old can take 25 mg of a drug. At 2. How many tablets are given to a child aged ten? One tablet 2.5 years they can take 1/8 of the adult dose. An adult is given 36 ml of fluid.