What is Organisation Theory?

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Outline • Organization Theory – Some propositions • A Brief History • Reading and Readings .

Organization Theory – Some Propositions • There are features that all organisations share • There are features which differ between organisations • Organisation Theory attempts to learn from both • Organisation Theory seeks to improve our explanations of the past events and predictions about the future .

Organization Theory – Shared Features According to Rollinson (Hill et al 2011.’ . from which it follows that human activities in the entity are normally structured and coordinated to achieve some purpose or goals. 4) organisations are ‘social entities brought into existence and sustained in an ongoing way by humans to serve some purpose.

Organization Theory – Shared Features • Organizations have • Organizing involves • Organizations differ in the following ways (generate lists – 10 minutes) .

A Brief History (one way of telling the story) • • • • • • • Classical Management School (1800s +) Human Relations School (1920s+) Systems / Contingency Theory (1950s+) Culture / Symbolism (1980s+) Organisational Learning (1990s +) Post-Modernism (1990s+) Practice and Practical Wisdom(2005+) .

Gantt Chart . Fayol. Span of Control.Focus: Developing ‘scientific’ rules of organising .Examples : Time and Motion Studies. Taylor.Purpose: Improve efficiency of organisations through technology and work design .A Brief History • Classical Management School (Hill et al 7-10) (Weber. Gantt and others) .

Maslow.Focus: Individual and Social Psychology . Management Skills . T-Groups. Lewin) .Examples : The Hierarchy of Needs.A Brief History • Human Relations School (Hill et al 10-13) (Roethlisberger & Dickson (Hawthorne studies).Purpose: Improve effectiveness of people through ‘humanizing’ work . McGregor. Theory X and Theory Y. Change Management. Job Enrichment. Herzberg.

A Brief History (one way of telling the story) • Systems Thinking (Hill et al 18 – 20) (Burns and Stalker. PESTLE. Lawrence and Lorsch.Focus: The Organisational Environment . Emery. Open and Closed Systems . Woodward.Purpose: Improve organisational structures and systems through adaptation to the environment . Trist and Bamforth) .Examples: Organic and Mechanistic Organisation.

Purpose: Improve organisations through understanding differences . Schein. Weick) .A Brief History (one way of telling the story) • Cultural / Symbolic Theory (Peters and Waterman. Smircich Hofstede. Ouchi. Sub-Cultures . Theory Z. Corporate Culture.Focus: Beliefs and Values in Organisations and across countries .Examples: Seven ‘S’.

Argyris. Tacit Knowledge. The Virtual Organization .Focus: How organisations learn and change .Purpose: Improve organisations through building capacity to learn . Knowledge Management. The Learning Curve. Schön. Lassey) .A Brief History (one way of telling the story) • Organisational Learning (Senge.Examples: Single and Double-Loop learning.

Power . Alvesson. Language.Purpose: Understanding knowledge-power in organisations .Focus: Gender.A Brief History (one way of telling the story) • Post-Modern Organization Theory / Critical Management Studies (Hill et al 27-29) (Morgan.Examples: Images of organisation. Ethics. organisational humour. Parker. Collinson. Hassard. anti-organization theory .) . Willmott. sex and organizations.

A Brief History (one way of telling the story) • Practice and Practical Wisdom (Ghoshal. Beadle & Moore) .Focus: The development of practical wisdom amongst managers . Virtue Ethics in business . servant leadership. Mintzberg.Examples: The reflective practitioner.Purpose: To renew the focus of management thinking on the practice of management . Tsoukas. Sandberg.

Contemporary OB & A • Burrell & Morgan – Paradigms (Functionalism. Interpretivism.g. Maturity Phase. Structuralism. Org Behaviour & Analysis (OB&A).Reading and Readings (other ways of telling the story) Different Texts will read/describe the story in different ways e. Radical Humanism) • Tsoukas and Cummings – Rationalist or Aristotelian Approaches . • Rollinson (in Hill et al) – Formative work.