Civil Disobedience

By: Grace Reddick, Dylan Wright and Shawqi Musallam

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and enable the State to commit violence and shed innocent blood. If we resist through peaceful means then we are standing for what we believe in. if any such is possible. Therefor the most just and logical way to resist is peaceably. in fact. This is. we are still shedding the blood of others by not resisting at all. as it would be to pay them. and sparing the blood of innocent men. that would not be a violent and bloody measure.” Thoreau is saying that even if we do not resist through blood and war.“If a thousand men were not to pay their tax bills this year. the definition of a peaceable revolution. saving those who we are fighting for. .

when a sixth of the population of a nation which has undertaken to be the refuge of liberty are slaves. It is our duty to rebel. He is showing that even if we ourselves are not being harmed or mistreated.” Thoreau uses direct examples of the injustices of our country at the time in this quotation. and by not rebelling we are just as much to blame as our country for the injustices at hand. I think that it is not too soon for honest men to rebel and revolutionize. . but ours is the invading army. What makes this duty the more urgent is that fact that the country so overrun is not our own. We cannot sit idly by as our country over runs another or takes the freedoms of innocent men. that we are still obligated to rebel.“In other words. and a whole country is unjustly overrun and conquered by a foreign army. and subjected to military law.

” This quote gives insight to the theory of peaceful resistance. than you should be jailed too. if another man is in jail for the color of his skin or his heritage. the true place for a just man is also a prison. as long as this other man is unjustly jailed with you. that lived an honest life just as you did.“Under a government which imprisons unjustly. Even if you are not in violation of the law. .

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James Lawson gained a higher role in the strike committee as chairman and got Martin Luther King to help the situation and speak at a meeting. The protest stated that they were going to shut down the nation’s capital through a civil disobedience until the government agreed to abolish poverty throughout America. the civil rights battle. They were barely accompanied with the funeral costs. What King spoke of caused concern among some as he connected the whole campaign against poverty. There was no insurance plan provided plus the families receiving no help or pays for more than over a month. and the machines and equipment were worn. the workers went on a legitimate strike and made a protest ending in violence when police forces showed up and put a stop to it all. The Association of Federal. County and Municipal Employees menaced a strike to fight for better working conditions in Memphis. When it failed. He threw out his opinion that all the money being spent on the war was what was standing in the way of the improvement in America’s system of welfare. . State.One example of how civil disobedience is portrayed through the Civil Rights Movement was in 1968 when the Memphis clergyman James Lawson made it clear to Martin Luther King that the sanitation workers in Memphis were losing pay and majority of them consisted of 90% black populated. The dispute broke out when a malfunctioning machine killed two workers. and the war in Vietnam. They had bad sanitation where they worked.

This civil disobedience Rosa acted out started the Montgomery Bus Boycott where blacks boycotted buses until they were allowed to seat wherever they wanted to on a bus. 1955. After a hard days work. Rosa stepped onto a full city bus and sat down in a seat. After refusing.On December 1. However. Rosa Parks. an African American. she would not give up her seat for a white person just because she was a different color. Rosa protested and stood her ground. made one of the first movements leading to the Civil Rights Movement. . she was arrested for violating an Alabama law that stated that black people were to give up their seat to a white person when the bus was full. A white passenger stepped on and the driver asked her to move to the back.

four black students attending North Carolina A&T College sat down at a Woolworth lunch counter in Greensboro. they politely refused.In the era of the 1960’s. After the establishing of the SNCC. They had purchased items and then sat down at the counter. However. The following morning there were more and more blacks coming to sit at the lunch counter and soon started a campaign called the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee establishing leadership to support the discrimination. Shockingly they were not arrested and remained at the counter until closing time. A waiter came up and said these seats were reserved for white people and asked them to move. North Carolina. there were students in more than 30 restaurants on 7 streets going up to lunch counters preforming sit-ins. They portrayed civil disobedience by going against laws .

Fredrick Douglass. • Many people supported this cause such as John Brown. but was not organized or as powerful. and Garrison. . Thoreau. • The abolitionist movement started when slavery started.The Abolitionist Movement: • The abolitionist movement was to end slavery. Henry D.

murder. John Brown and his supporters went to the town of Harpers Ferry They headed for the arsenal. 1859. and slave insurrection • He was sentenced to death.John Brown and the raid of Harpers Ferry • • • On October 16. charged with treason against the state of Virginia. and was hanged on December 2. and they fought the local militia. Lee They lost a lot of supporters. 1859 . and Brown was captured. and the US Marines lead by Robert E.

Henry David Thoreau • Henry Thoreau did not support slavery so he took action • He did not pay poll tax because he did not agree with the government for having slavery • He had to stay in jail for one day and he wrote civil disobedience about his time in jail .

Frederick Douglass • Frederick Douglass was a big help to the Abolitionist movement. he • He escaped from being held as a slave • He made a book. newspaper. and helped in many organizations to end slavery .

it was supported by free African Americans • He excited the abolitionist crowd by burning copies of the . • His newspaper was famous and read by most. in Boston: • The newspaper “Liberator” written by Garrison gave views to how the abolitionist think.William Lloyd Garrison.

<http://www. Black past . “William Lloyd Garrison. November 30. Photograph. Web. 2011.org/thoreau/thurro/thurro1. History Images. Photograph.html>.civilwar. 2011.html>. <http://www.org/150th-anniversary/johnbrowns-harpers-ferry. 29 Nov. 2011. Photograph. Web. November 30.blackpast." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. 2001. Web. Booker T..Work Cited • • • • • • • • • Washington. New Perspectives on the West. "The Abolitionist Movement.com/abmovement. Web. Pbs. "John Brown's Harpers Ferry Raid.htm Frederick Douglass. 2011.” Photograph. 2011. "Frederick Douglass. Web. 2011.com/pages/h483. 2007. 2011.org.." Welcome to Calliope. U. Abolition of Colonial Slavery Meeting. Web. 2011.org/?q=1857-frederick-douglass-if-there-no-struggle-there-noprogress>.S." Jewelry & Things. 2011. English School. http://afgen. 29 Nov. <http://www." United States American History. 29 Nov.html>. Web.html "Civil Disobedience and the Underground Railroad. 29 Nov.calliope. http://www. . 29 Nov.org/weta/thewest/people/a_c/brown. “Henry David Thoreau. Web. By The Bridgeman Art Library Nationality John Brown. <http://www.” Photograph. 29 Nov. Park Street Church. 1830.u-s-history.pbs.

30 Nov. Web." King Institute Home. 2. 3.stanford.Y. "Rosa Parks Was Arrested for Civil Disobedience.americaslibrary.C. Web.co. 2011. TO AUCTION ROSA PARKS ESTATE OF PERSONAL & CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT POSSESSIONS. <http://www. 2011. <http://mlkkpp01. 2011.htm >. Web. "Sit-ins.spartacus. Web.schoolnet. "Martin Luther King: Biography. 30 Nov.blogspot.edu/index.gov/jb/modern/jb_modern_ parks_1." XENOBIA BAILEY'S "NEW DAY: IN THE EYE(I) OF THE DREAM ERA" ARTIST JOURNAL.uk/USAkingML. 30 Nov.com/2008/07/guernseysauction-house-in-nyc-to. <http://www." Spartacus Educational. 2011.1.php/encyclopedia/encycloped ia/enc_sit_ins/>. . 30 Nov." America's Story from America's Library.html>. <http://xenba. Picture of Rosa Parks: "GUERNSEY'S AUCTION HOUSE IN N.html>.

Webtext on "Resistance to Civil Government"" Virginia Commonwealth University.vcu.transcendentalists.including Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau ."Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862): A Guide to Resources on Henry David Thoreau and Transcendentalism." The Transcendentalists .Dial Magazine.edu/engweb/transcendentalism/autho rs/thoreau/civil/>.com/1thorea..d. 30 Nov. n. <http://www. http://www.html "Thoreau .Others . 2011. Web. Web. 30 Nov. n. . 2011.d.