Mobile Phone
• A mobile phone (also known as a cellular phone, cell phone and a hand phone) is a device that can make and receive telephone calls over a radio link while moving around a wide geographic area. • It does so by connecting to a cellular network provided by a mobile phone operator, allowing access to the public telephone network. • By contrast, a cordless telephone is used only within the short range of a single, private base station.

History of Mobile Phone
• Inventor Charles E. Alden claimed in the 29 April 1906 issue of the New York World , to have invented a device called the “vest pocket telephone" although Alden never had the chance to produce this device in large quantities.
Charles E. Alden

• The first mobile telephone calls were made from cars in 1946. Bell System's Mobile Telephone Service was made on 17 June in St. Louis, Missouri, followed by Illinois Bell Telephone Company's car Bell radiotelephone service in Chicago on 2 October. Systems • The MTA phones were composed of vacuum tubes and relays, and weighed over 80 pounds (36 kg). There were initially only 3 channels for all the users in the metropolitan area, increasing later to 32 channels across 3 bands.

• This service continued into the 1980s in large portions of North America. the world’s first partly automatic car phone system. was introduced in Sweden. Mobile System A (MTA). the service quickly reached capacity. • In 1956. . Due to the small number of radio frequencies available.

• John F. Mitchell. Motorola's chief of portable communication product in 1973. • Mitchell successfully pushed Motorola to develop wireless communication products that would be small enough to use anywhere and participated in the design of the cellular phone . played a key role in advancing the development of handheld mobile telephone equipment. .

Mitchell .John F.

• Using a somewhat heavy portable handset. was the key researcher on Mitchell's team that developed the first hand-held mobile telephone for use on a cellular network. Engel of Bell Labs . Joel S. Cooper made the first call on a handheld mobile phone on 3 April 1973 to his rival. a Motorola researcher and executive.• Martin Cooper. Dr.

Martin Cooper .

Evolution of Mobile phones .

something you wouldn’t even think of having around you or using. Let’s take a ride back to the past and look at how cell phones developed from the bulky walkietalkie look to today’s swipe-savvy descendants. • Improved technology has made a great change in the history of mobile phones. instead they were something totally different. • But the mobile phones we see now didn’t look like this earlier. transforming the huge brick-like mobile phones of 1995 to sleek and stylish smart phones we carry with us now. . Everyone – from teenagers to old men – has a personal cell phone of their own.• Mobile phones have become a crucial part of our daily life nowadays.

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Smart Mobile Phone • A smart phone is a mobile phone built on a mobile operating system. . with more advanced computing capability connectivity than a feature phone.

• High-speed data access is provided by Wi-Fi and mobile broadband. • In recent years. the rapid development of mobile app markets and of mobile commerce have been drivers of smart phone adoption. .• Many modern smart phones also include highresolution touch screens and web browsers that display standard web pages as well as mobileoptimized sites.

and GPS navigation units to form one multi-use device. . • Later models added the functionality of portable media players. pocket video cameras. lowend compact digital cameras.• The first smart phones combined the functions of a personal digital assistant (PDA) with a mobile phone.


speech recognition. cellular. • Modern mobile operating systems combine the features of a personal computer operating system with touch screen. tablet. personal digital assistant (PDA) and other features. is the operating system that operates a smart phone. . GPS mobile navigation. also referred to as mobile OS. camera. music player. video camera. Near field communication. PDA. WiFi. or other digital mobile devices.Operating system in mobile • A mobile operating system. Bluetooth. voice recorder.

Popular Operating systems in mobiles • Google ANDROID • Apple IOS • Windows 8 phone .

Google Android • Android is a Linux-based operating system designed primarily for touch screen mobile devices such as smart phones and tablet computers. • The first Android-powered phone was sold in October 2008. software. Which Google backed financially and later purchased in 2005. • Android was unveiled in 2007 along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance: a consortium of hardware . . • Initially developed by Android. Inc. and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices.

with an estimated 3. • Google operates the official Android Market.000 applications. ARM. . which contains over 150. etc. Intel. HTC.• 33% of all phones run Google Android.7 billion downloads. Samsung and Motorola.

Google nexus 4 Samsung galaxy S3 Some phones that run on Google Android OS Samsung galaxy Note 2 .


• Unlike Microsoft's Windows Phone (Windows CE) and Google's Android. Originally released in 2007 for the iPhone and iPod Touch.Apple IOS • iOS (previously iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system developed and distributed by Apple Inc. Apple does not license iOS for installation on non-Apple hardware. it has been extended to support other Apple devices such as the iPad and Apple TV. .

Apple's App Store contained more than 700. 2012. • It had a 21% share of the smart phone mobile operating system units shipped in the fourth quarter of 2012. which have collectively been downloaded more than 30 billion times .• As of September 12. . behind only Google's Android.000 iOS applications.

Apple Iphone 5 runs on apple IOS .

it features the interface known as Metro (or Modern UI). Current Windows Phone 7.x devices. Windows Phone 8 replaces its CE-based architecture used on Windows Phone 7 devices with the Windows NT kernel found on many Windows 8 components. Samsung and Huawei.x devices cannot run or update to Windows Phone 8 and new applications compiled specifically for Windows Phone 8 are not made available for Windows Phone 7.Windows Phone 8 • • Windows Phone 8 is the second generation of the Windows Phone mobile operating system from Microsoft. 2012. It was released on October 29th. Windows Phone 8 devices are manufactured by Nokia. HTC.[3] • . and like its predecessor.

Nokia Lumia 920 Some phones that run Microsoft windows 8 phone OS HTC windows 8x .

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