Measuring Temperature

with
Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTDs)

TEMPERATURE SENSORS

Applications Of Temp: Sensors
Control • Process Control • Battery Charging Monitoring • Portable Equipment • CPU Temperature • Battery Temperature • Ambient Temperature

Wire

Wound

RTD

Thin Film RTD .

Relative Res. of RTDs & Thermistors . Vs Temp.

RTD Elements .

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Industrial RTDs With Cast Iron Protection Head Terminal Block RTD Probe With Aluminum Protection Head .

Industrial RTD Elements .

00385) .Res. Pt RTD ( = 0. Vs Temp. of 100 Ω.

Platinum (Pt) RTD • The Most Common • 100  &1000  Standard Values • Typical TC = 0.385% / °C. • Good Linearity .Better than Thermocouple.Easily Compensated • Superior repeatability & long term stability .

Pt RTD Comparison Chart .

Pt RTD Comparison Chart .

RTD Configurations < Two Wire RTD Three Wire RTD > .

RTD Configurations Four Wire RTD > .

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Pt RTD TEMPERATURE ACCURACY .

25°C/year for Platinum Repeatability: • Drift at 0°C experienced after 10 cycles over its full operating temperature range • Less than 0.005 to 0.Pt RTD Stability: Characteristics (IEC 751) • Drift in the temperature reading per unit time • 0.05 % of FS at 0°C. for Platinum .

Linearity: • Reference Line: Best linear fit •Expressed as Maximum deviation or % of FS .Pt RTD Characteristics (IEC 751)….

Q Response Time: T (t ) / Outlet Temperature Variation to the Step Change in Heat Input  0 1  2  3  4  5 TIME . k.Pt RTD Characteristics (IEC 751)….

Pt RTD Characteristics (IEC 751)…. Response Time: Self Heating: .

2-Wire RTD Measurement .

Recommended Temp. Ranges-PtRTD Elements .

Interfacing Pt RTD to ADC .

Interfacing &Conditioning Pt RTD Signal .

100)3] For T>0.Callendar-Van Dusen equation Rt = R0 [1 + At + Bt2 + C(t . C =0 Rt = R0 [1 + At + Bt2 ] Rt = V0 / IEX V0 / IEX = R0 [1 + At + Bt2 ] .

870 -4.9080 -4.8495 ITS-90 0.0000 .9692 -4.2735 DIN 5.2325 5.Callendar-Van Dusen Coefficients: Platinum RTDs Standard  A/10-3 B/10-7 C/10-12 IEC 751/ 0.9848 -5.003911 3.003850 3.003926 3.8019 43760 American 0.

2-Wire RTD Measurement…. ..

3-Wire RTD Measurement (con: I) .

3-Wire RTD Measurement (con:I)…. ..

.Vwiredrop VRTD / Is = = .3-Wire RTD Measurement (con:I). VRTD RRTD V0.

3-Wire RTD Measurement (Ratiometric) .

3-Wire RTD Measurement Is = Vd/Rd VRTD = Va-2 (Va-Vb)-Vd RRTD = VRTD / Is (Ratiometric) .

3-Wire RTD Measurement (Bridge Config:) .

4-Wire RTD Measurement .

4-Wire RTD Measurement(con: I) .

4-Wire RTD Measurement(Ratiometric) .

4-Wire RTD Measurement Is = Vd/Rd VRTD = Vb-Vc (Ratiometric) RRTD = VRTD / Is .

Low-Cost RTD Measurements .

Low-Cost RTD Measurements .

RTD Measurement Issues .

) Grounded TC.Selection of Criteria Thermocouple Vs Pt RTD Comparison Range Response TC:-184°C to 2300°C RTD: -200°C to 850°C (600°C max. typ. 3 time faster than RTD Sensor Cost System Cost Sensor Accuracy TC costs 3 time less than RTD More than RTD RTD accuracy ≥ TC accuracy .

Superior Repeatability .....Selection of Criteria Thermocouple Vs RTD….. TC is better than RTD ... Comparison Linearity Stability Repeatability Ruggedness Long term accuracy Vibration & Mechanical Shock Better for RTD Better for RTD Better for RTD TC essentially single piece construction RTD has Long term Stability. Linearity......