feeling and acting.Personality • “Characteristic pattern of thinking.” .

• Manager’s personalities influence their behavior and approach to managing people and resources . and act in certain ways that can be used to describe the personality of every individual.Personality Traits • Particular tendencies to feel. think.

Big Five Personality Traits .

and often experience positive emotions. and activity levels of extraverts. deliberate. They tend to be quiet. are full of energy. and disengaged from the social world. low-key. energy.Extraversion • Extraverts enjoy being with people. • Introverts lack the exuberance. .

Agreeableness • Agreeable individuals value getting along with others. and therefore are unlikely to extend themselves for other people. generous. helpful. friendly. . and willing to compromise their interests with others'. They are therefore considerate. • Disagreeable individuals place self-interest above getting along with others. They are generally unconcerned with others' well-being.

• Conscientious individuals avoid trouble and achieve high levels of success through purposeful planning and persistence.Conscientiousness • Conscientiousness concerns the way in which we control. They are also positively regarded by others as intelligent and reliable. and direct our impulses. regulate. .

extremely conscientious individuals might be regarded as stuffy and boring. • Unconscientious people may be criticized for their unreliability. and failure to stay within the lines. they can be compulsive perfectionists and workaholics. Furthermore.Conscientiousness • On the negative side. lack of ambition. .

and an inability to cope effectively with the normal demands of life. but are likely to experience several of these emotions.Neuroticism • Freud originally used the term neurosis to describe a condition marked by mental distress. . or depression. emotional suffering. anger. • Those who score high on Neuroticism may experience primarily one specific negative feeling such as anxiety.

and their reactions tend to be more intense than normal. . They respond emotionally to events that would not affect most people.• People high in neuroticism are emotionally reactive.

• They tend to be. and sensitive to beauty. • Openness to Experience describes a dimension of cognitive style that distinguishes imaginative. more aware of their feelings. conventional people. creative people from down-to-earth.Openness to experience. • Open people are intellectually curious. . compared to closed people. appreciative of art.