“THERMAL POLLUTION”

By Manoj Bhalani(12MBA006)

Objective • To know what is Thermal pollution • To identified reason of Thermal Pollution and its sources • To measurement effect of Thermal Pollution on environment. • To find effective control tools and step for decrease Thermal pollution. .

• Temperature is a physical characteristic of water which is regulated under the Water Act 1974. .What is Thermal Pollution? • Increase in the normal temperatures of natural waters caused by intervention of human activities.

Thermal Pollution .

Major Causes • • • • Nuclear Power Plants Deforestation Industrial Effluents Coal Fired Power Plants .

• After the water is used.Nuclear Power Plants • Nuclear power plants use water as a cooling agent. it is put back into a water supply at 9-20oC warmer .

This 1988 thermal image of the Hudson River highlights temperature changes caused by discharge of 2.5 billion gallons of water each day from the Indian Point power plant. in green and blue. Two additional outflows from the Lovett coal-fired power plant are also clearly visible against the natural temperature of the water. spreading and cooling across the entire width of the river. . The plant sits in the upper right of the photo — hot water in the discharge canal is visible in yellow and red.

. Hence the deforestation results erosion of soil particles. Deforestation increases the amount of light hitting the water surface.  Vegetation provides shade to the water surface.Deforestation  Plant roots hold soil particles together. thereby raising the water temperature.

Coal-fired Power Plants  Coal is utilized as a fuel  Condenser coils are cooled with water from nearby lake or river  The heated effluents decrease the DO(dissolved oxygen) of water  Damages the marine organisms .

Industrial Waste Water  Discharged water from steam-electric power industry using turbo generators will have a higher temperature ranging from 6 to 9˚C than the receiving water .

• Dissolved oxygen in water decreases • Increases the rate of photosynthesis.Effects of Increased Water Temperature • Thermal shock – aquatic life adapted to a certain water temperature can go into shock when the temperature is changed even 1 or 2 degrees. which increases the amount of plant growth .

Dissolved Oxygen v/s Temperature .

convection. Man-made bodies of water designed for cooling by evaporation. and radiation  Cooling Towers Which transfer waste heat to the atmosphere through evaporation and heat transfer  Re-use and Recycle A process where waste heat is recycled for domestic and industrial heating purposes .Control Of Thermal Pollution  Cooling Ponds.

php/wetl ands/article/viewFile/155/168 • https://tspace.utoronto.library.unsw.library.unl.pdf • http://thermalpollution.com • http://ojs.edu.edu/dt .thermaleffects.au/index.References • http://thermal.ca/bitstream/1 807/9111/1/st05003.edu/dm • www.usda.