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Solid waste management Practices in Dehradun under JnNURM

Kartikeya Pandey MBA IFM 500021353

created every day because of human activities pose risks to environment and public health the method of handling, storing, collecting and disposing is a major issue Solid waste in India includes commercial and residential wastes generated

India generates over 1,15,000 metric tons of municipal wastes per day & Its generated in Class 1 cities. the per capita production of solid waste is relatively low when compared to other developed nations. An average Indian generates 0.3 to 0.6 kg of waste per day whereas an average American generates 2 kg of waste per day

A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) was filed in Supreme Court in 1996, seeking adoption of hygienic waste management practices by the ULBs. The Supreme Court of India formed an Expert Committee in 1999 to provide recommendation for improving waste management practices. Subsequently, the Ministry of Environment & Forest introduced MSW (Management and handling) rules in 2000, incorporating key recommendation of Supreme Court appointed Expert Committee. Another important landmark in MSW space was setting up of Service Benchmarks. in Urban Services by MoUD in 2008


Poor Waste Segregation System
Lack of Public awareness about the need for waste segregation Lack of accountability for waste segregation

Poor Collection and Transportation system

Inadequate equipment and inappropriate technology No system for Door-to-Door collection

Poor processing and disposal (P&D) system

Insufficient fund allocation to processing and disposal Unproven technologies

Solid Waste Management Practices in Dehradun

The city on an average generates about 200 MT of MSW per day Assumption of per capita generation at 0.4kg/day Sources are domestic, shops, commercial establishments, hotels, restaurants, fruit and vegetable markets.

MSW composition and characteristic

The waste has very high moisture content, low C/N ratio and high calorific value. High moisture content increases weight of solid waste and thus increases cost of its transportation. C/N value is important factor for determining sustainability of composting. High calorific value is an indicator for better prospect of energy.

Collection, Storage and Transportation Practice

Collection from the doorstep Community bins/containers Municipal Corporation sweepers Sanitary workers engaged by the Mohalla Swachhata Samities The collected waste is in small heaps and subsequently loaded manually or mechanically on to the solid waste transportation vehicles for onward transportation to the disposal site.

The present collection and transportation system involves multiple handling of solid waste. About 300 open handcarts and 50 cycle-rickshaws are used for collection of waste including wastes generated from street sweeping and cleaning of drains.

Primary collection system exists in very few localities(e.g. Nehru Colony, Vasant Vihar) Mohalla Swachata Samiti (MSS), comprising of a group of residents In the old city area no municipal collection facilities exists Individual households usually obtain the services of a sweeper who collects wastes from houses daily

The collected wastes are dumped or thrown in to the nearest surface drains and/or storm water nallahs. The river passing through these areas are substantially obstructed and silted due to this waste deposition.

650 kg/day of Bio-Medical Waste (BMW) is generated from various hospitals Private agencies Signet and Pahal BMW collect BMW. Transports it to Haridwar for incineration at Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd (BHEL) complex

Waste Disposal
Site is located at Dateda Lakhond on Sahashradhara Road. Being used for last 3 years Waste is disposed into pre-excavated trench and covered with a layer of soil. DNN has identified 15 acres of land at Selaqui & at 4 other places if its runs out of land. The dead animals are disposed in two places namely Bhandari Bagh and Kargi

Under the guidance of JnNURM

Integrated solid waste management project in Dehradun for which Rs. 24.60 crore was approved for which 80 percent is to be given by GoI and 20 percent support from State government on 16th May 2003 with objectives Segregation Storage of waste at source Primary collection Street sweeping Secondary storage, transportation Treatment & recycling Disposal of wastes.

On 7th of June 2010 Dehradun Nagar Nigam inviting private parties for the integrated SWM project in Dehradun on BOT basis 8 national and international firms applied to procure the project. SPML infra pvt ltd, New Delhi was awarded on 4th of March 2011 for 15 years. GoI and state government has released Rs 9.84 crores Rs 9.86 crores would be released in the coming years.

Rules that are to be followed during the implementation

Setting up of user charges and gazette notification Operation to be done by SPML New Delhi SPML would be provided 24.6 crores for the commencement of the project Creation of an SPV Doon Valley Waste Management Pvt. Ltd (DVWM) and all the funds to be directed towards it. Capital cost, Tipping fee and User charges to be collected and utilized for operation and maintenance of the project.

J.M. Envior Net. Pvt. Ltd was appointed as Project engineers. Vehicles and technology to be used in the project would be recommended by the Procuring Committee and on the basis of requirement of the project. Door to door collection of waste has already been started in 45 wards; rest 15 wards would start in the month of November. Close secondary storage of waste and closed transportation vehicle are only to be used for land filling purpose.

Construction of transfer station has already been started and nearly 80 per cent of which is completed. Till date the first instalment of Rs 9.84 crore has been used and now of Rs 9.16 crore. The second instalment is already being dispersed out of which Rs 8.75 crore is being given to DVWM Pvt Ltd and rest of the amount has been used for the payment of other expenses. Request for the payment of the third instalment is being sent to Urban Development body.

8 NGOs for the purpose of Information, Education and Communication of the project August 2011 to September 2012, DVWM Pvt Ltd has collected 38943.60 MT of waste September 2011 to September 2012 DVWM Pvt Ltd has taken Rs 80.33 lakhs as user fee.


Household coverage

Monthly dump collected

Due to delay in funds released by Dehradun Nagar Nigam, DVWM are still following traditional method of waste disposal but with improved efficiency. Local dispute has resulted in the delay in construction of SLF which may further the project cost. As non- scientific methods of Solid Waste disposal are being practiced which may cause serious health hazard to the local people Site should be chosen after proper planning and must be far away from human settlement. Capacity building for the sector is needed Bio- gas generation plant should be considered for additional revenue generation

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