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ARYA Institute of Engineering and Technology

Seminar Presentation On Copy Right Act

Presented By:Ankit Agarwal

Introduction to IT Act
Information technology is one of the important law relating to Indian cyber laws. It had passed in Indian parliament in 2000. This act is helpful to promote business with the help of internet. It also set of rules and regulations which apply on any electronic business transaction. Due to increasing crime in cyber space, Govt. of India understood the problems of internet user and for safeguarding the interest of internet users, this act was made.

Contents:
Introduction to copyright
Meaning of Intellectual Property Copyright Law in India Catogries of Protected Works Case study

Terms of The Copyright


Registration Process Infringement of Copyright Punishments

Introduction:
Copyright is a form of intellectual property protection granted under Indian law to the creators of original works of authorship such as literary works (including computer programs, tables and compilations including computer databases which may be expressed in words, codes, schemes or in any other form, including a machine readable medium), dramatic, musical and artistic works, cinematographic films and sound recordings.

Meaning of Intellectual Property


It has been assumed as central importance throughout the world in recent the recent pass. IP is the creative work of human intellect. It plays an important role in the economic development of the country. The main motivation of its protection to encourage and reward creativity.

Copyright Law in India


1. The first right was pass in 1914 2. The act of 1914 was passed on the basis of 1911

3. Thereafter the copyright of 1957 was passed


4. The Act of 1914 underwent revision due to advent of

advancement of Science and Technology

Catogries of Protected Works


1. Literal Works 2. Musical Works 3. Sound recording 4. Dramatic works

5. Choreographic Work
6. Pictorial, graphic and sculptrul works 7. Motion picture 8. Architectural works

Terms of The Copyright


Sec. 22 to 29 of the Copyright Act, 1957 deal with this aspects: In case ofLiterary, Dramatic, Musical or Artistic Works; - Term is for lifetime and thereafter for 60 years; - Joint Owners 60 years start after death of last owner; Anonymous/pseudonymous works- 60 years from the year of publication - If identify disclosed,term extended to 60 years after the death of author

TERMS
PHOTOGRAPHS- 60 years from the years of publication CINEMATOGRAPH FILM- 60 years from the year of publication GOVERNMENT UNDERTAKING-60 years from the year of publication INTERNATIONAL ORGNISATION-60 years from the year of publication PERFORMERS RIGHTS-25 years from the years of performance

What Works are Not Protected?


Works that have not been fixed in a tangible form of

expression Titles, names; familiar symbols or designs; mere variations of lettering; mere listings of ingredients or content Ideas, procedures, concepts, principles Works consisting entirely of common property, containing no original authorship

COPYRIGHT IN INDIAN FILM INDUSTRY


The end result was a major success at the box office, both in India and

internationally. Industry sources estimate the movie, which cost $22 million for Fox Star to acquire, earned more than $40 millionone of the top 10 highest-grossing Bollywood films of the past decade. Well it is really tough to prevent piracy in this digital age. It would also be suggested that companies should release DVD/CD of the movie along with the movie. And price these CDs/DVDs as cheap as possible. Infact tie up with small stores/shops to distribute and sell DVDs along with basic goods. People prefer pirated DVDs for both reasons one it is really cheap and two available easily at markets/railways stations etc.

Case study:
Feist Publications vs Rural Tele Services Co (1996)

Feist Publications came out with a telephone directory that contained

peoples' phone numbers arranged in a certain format. The same format was adapted by Rural Tele Services without any changes in their directory. Feist Publications brought in a lawsuit against Rural Tele Services, calling it a copyright infringement. The case was struck down, as Feist did not include any kind of original data. If Feist had used any special format that took much effort, such as including maps, etc. alongside the phone numbers, it would have been a case of copyright violation. However, as it was just a simple arrangement of phone numbers, the verdict was in favor of Rural Tele Services Co

Registration Process
A copyright owner must: File an application; Pay a nominal filing fee ($30); and Deposit copies of the work at the Copyright Office. Some of the works may be added to the collections of the Library of Congress

Infringement of Copyright
Introductiongrant of certain exclusive rights to the author.To enable him to rip the fruit of his labour.But, if a person uses any of these rights without his permission, he has infringed his copyright. Infringement of copyright by copying:Copying can be done in three ways1 Direct copying 2 Indirect copying 3 Subconscious copying

Punishments
Imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months, but may extanded to three years and with fine which shall not be less than Rs 50,000/ Computer Program:Infringing copy of computer program as offence,under which the offender is punishable with imprisonment for a term of which shall not be less than Rs 50,000/ but which may extended upto Rs 2 lakhs

THANK YOU

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