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Pharos University in Alexandria Faculty of Engineering

HU 164 Research Methods and Techniques
Lect7

Reporting of Research

Prof. Dr. Abdelsamie Moet Spring 2012/13

Lecture Overview
Refer to your Assigned Paper

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Why Publish ? “The goal of scientific research is publication.” “A scientific experiment, no matter how spectacular the results, is not complete until the results are published.”
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Reference

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Format and Organization
• Reports generally include these sections in this order:
– – – – – – – Title Abstract Introduction (includes Literature Review) Methodology Results Discussion Conclusion

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The Title
• • • • Shorter is better. No jargon or abbreviations. Put the main message in the title. Avoid words like investigation, characterization, analysis. • TAKE TIME TO DEVISE THE TITLE.

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• Abstract
– Short (100 – 300 Words) – Summarizes:
• • • • Research Problem Approach Main Findings Main Conclusions
Appears First . . . But Written Last
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Introduction
• Explains the research problem and its context
• Explains importance of the problem (Why does it matter? Why is more information needed?) • Explains reason and goals for study • Explains the limitations of the research performed

• Literature Review
– Summarizes and evaluates the literature that you have used considering:
• How that literature has contributed to your area of research • The strengths and weaknesses of previous studies • How does that literature lead to your research problem
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• Methodology
– Explains how data was gathered – Explains how data was analyzed – Assumes reader understands material
• Does not include explanatory material

– Is in past tense and passive voice
• “A 1” piece of coil was cut”
– The research has been carried out – It is the research, and not your activities, that are of interest

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• Results
– Visually and textually represents research findings
• Visual representation of results:
– Graphs, tables, diagrams, photos, charts

• Explanatory text:
– Text points out the most significant portions of research findings – Indicates key trends or relationships – Highlights expected and/or unexpected findings
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• Discussion
– Includes:
• Explanation for Results
– Comments on unexpected results, offering hypothesis for them

• Comparison to literature
– Does your research confirm previous studies? Deviate from them?

• Explanation for how info can be applied in broader context

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• Summary
– Discusses:
• • • • • • What was learned through research What remains to be learned Weaknesses and shortcomings of study Strengths of study Possible applications of study (how it can be used) Recommendations

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Source Documentation
• Cite sources whenever you are quoting, paraphrasing, or summarizing work that is not your own
– Quoting directly is discouraged

• Sources include:
– – – – – Books Journal, magazine, or newspaper articles Interviews Conference Proceedings Lectures
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Finishing Touches
• Usability Testing
– Have a colleague read your report for clarity, organization, and visual design

• Check your sources for proper citations • Proofread carefully – or better yet, ask someone to do it for you

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Acknowledgements
• Includes those who
– Supported – Facilitated – Assisted – Suggested

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