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WRITER VERIFICATION USING AUTOREGRESSIVE METHOD

PRESENTED BY CHAITALI GHODKE (B80343034) SNEHAL JADHAV (B80343048) POONAM JAVALKAR(B80343051)

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF PROF.SL.KORE

FLOW OF SEMINAR
• INTRODUCTION • CLASSIFICATION • AIM • OBJECTIVE • SPECIFICATIONS • BLOCK DIAGRAM • BLOCK DIAGRAM DSCRIPTION • VERIFICATION RESULT • ADVANTAGES • APPLICATIONS • CONCLUSION • FUTURE SCOPE • REFRENCES

INTRODUCTION TO BIOMETRICS • Handwriting is considered an important area of interest • Biometric verification: comparing the biometric templates : conforming or denying a person’s claimed identity .

keystroke. handwriting .iris .face. DNA Voice.geometry.CLASSIFICATION OF BIOMETRICS BIOMETRIC MODALITIES PHYSIOLOGIC AL BIOMETRICS BEHAVIOURAL BIOMETRICS Fingerprint.signature. dynamics.retinal blood vessels.gait.

BEHAVIORAL BIOMETRICS WRITER IDENTIFICATION WRITER VERIFICATION One-to-many One-to-one .

TEXT-DEPENDENT Vs TEXTINDEPENDENT WRITER IDENTIFICATION & VERIFICATION TEXTDEPENDENT TEXTINDEPENDENT Requires prior localization & segmentation of relevant information Use statistical features extracted from the entire image of the text block .

OFF-LINE Vs ON-LINE HANDWRITING CONSIDERING NATURAL HANDWRITING METHOD WRITER VERIFICATION WRITING METHODS PROPOSED DATA CONVERSION TO DIGITAL FORM NATURAL HANDWRITING ON-LINE HANDWRITING OFF-LINE HANDWRITING .

AIM: • Design an automatic writer verification system • 2D Autoregressive method • Comparing two scanned handwriting samples • Automatic decision whether the input samples were written by same writer .

Writer verification using Euclidean Distance method.OBJECTIVE: • Finding Auto-regressive coefficients using a feature vector. Make writer verification task easy. Finding 2D AR model. Performance comparison of above features on IAM database • • • • .

0 .SPECIFICATIONS: SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS: Script analyzed :English Input Image :PNG Image Method Used :Autoregressive method LANGUAGE USED: Matlab (version:7.10) HARDWARE PLATFORM COMPUTER: MS Windows 95/98/2000/XP/7/8 or Windows NT 4.

BLOCK DIAGRAM .

BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION • IMAGE ACQUISTION:  8-bit grayscale image  Resolution 300dpi  Scanned images of handwriting • PRE-PROCESSING:  Gray to binary & inversion  Thresholding operation .

• FEATURE EXTRACTION:  Represented as feature vector  Features are extracted using AR coefficients y=X.Ө .

10*10 input matrix .

Skip 4 rows and 6 columns for obtaining centre pixel .

Consider only neighborhood 34 pixels of centre pixel .

Next pixel and its 34 neighborhood pixels .

• VERIFICATION:  Various distance measurement methods  The Euclidean distance between the sample and any of the N samples of the reference database is computed as follows:  The ERR is calculated by finding the False Rejection Rate(FRR) & False Acceptance Rate (FAR) EER(%)=FAR+FRR .

67 . of Writers = 10 • No. of trained writers 10 No.89 27.VERIFICATION RESULT: • No.06 Percent Verification Rate(%) 67. of Samples used for Testing = 9 No. of test samples 9 Percent FAR(%) Percent FRR(%) Average Error Rate(%) 16.44 4. of Samples used for Training = 10 • No.

.ADVANTAGES:  Better results with higher order coefficients  Useful for multiscript environment  Euclidean distance method used is easy for comparison  Higher order models are used for dynamic texture recognition  Linear set of equations are used for solving AR models.

APPLICATIONS: • Spectral analysis • Biomedical signal processing • Fault prediction in various systems • Can be used for Linear as well as Non-linear Machine Classifiers .

CONCLUSION: • Presented a method of writer verification • Based on finding the feature vectors of a handwritten image • Extracting a set of AR coefficients • Proposed method is simple to compute. gives promising results for writer verification • Implementation using IAM Database . very effective.

FUTURE SCOPE:  Multiscript environment  Cosine distance can be used  Finding right context pattern for maximizing accuracy  Rejection criteria can be found .

Rejean Plamondon and Sargur N. Sumam Mary Idicula. Sreeraj.Marius Lucian Bulacu [2]A Survey on Writer Identification Schemes.1.2.IEEE Transaction on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence.REFERENCES: [1]Statistical Pattern Recognition for Automatic Writer Identification and Verification (Thesis). Srihari . July 2011 [3]On-Line and Off-Line Handwriting Recognition: A Comprehensive Survey.M. International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887). Volume 26– No.January 2000 [4]The transformation of 1D and 2D autoregressive random fields under coordinate scaling and rotation. By Ian Douglas Kennedy . Volume 22-No.

By Midori Hyndman. David Fleet.toronto. page(s):991-995 . By Koichiro Deguchi [6]The electroencephalogram and the adaptive autoregressive model: theory and applications.222 publication year: 2009. jepson.U. Allan Jepson.1109/ICDAR. document analysis and recognition.[5]Two-dimensional Auto-regressive model for analysis and synthesis of Gray-level textures. University of Toronto mhyndman.edu [8]Off-line multi-script writer identification using AR coefficient. 2009. Department of Computer Science. Garain.T.ICDAR’09 10th international conference on digital object identifier 10. January 2000 [7]Higher-order Autoregressive Models for Dynamic Textures. fleet@cs. By Alois Schlögl Graz. Paquet. 2009.