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CONTROL AND ANALYSIS OF UNIFIED POWER FLOW CONTROLLER

By K. VIMALAGOURI HT.NO: 13U01D4308 M. TECH (Power Electronics)
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ABSTRACT
 This paper presents a control scheme and comprehensive

analysis for a unified power flow controller (UPFC) on the basis of theory, computer simulation and experiment. which is a combination of a series device consisting of three single-phase pulse width modulation (PWM) converters and a shunt device consisting of a threephase diode rectifier. simulated results and show viability and effectiveness of the proposed control scheme.

 A UPFC rated at 10 KVA is designed and constructed,

 Experimental results agree well with both analytical and

FACTS
 Flexible AC Transmission

System (Facts) is a new integrated concept based on power electronic switching converters and dynamic controllers to enhance the system utilization and power transfer capacity as well as the stability, security, reliability and power quality of AC system interconnections.

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INTRODUCTION Two main objectives of FACTS  Increase the TX capability of AC line  Improved power transmission capability  Improved system stability and availability  Improved power quality  Minimized environmental impact  Minimized transmission losses .

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UNIFIED POWER FLOW CONTROLLER(UPFC).FACTS KEY DEVICES  STATIC SYNCHRONOUS COMPENSATOR(STATCOM). SERIES COMPENSATOR(SSSC)  STATIC SYNCHRONOUS  . .

.STATIC SYNCHRONOUS COMPENSATOR  It is a static synchronous generator as shunt static var compensator whose capacitive or inductive current can be controlled independent of the system voltage.  The operation of the STATCOM scheme is Validated in both the capacitive and inductive modes of operation.

.  It is increase or decrease the overall reactive voltage drop across the line and thereby controlling the transmitted electric power.STATIC SYNCHRONOUS SERIES COMPENSATOR  It is a static synchronous generator operated without an external energy source as a series compensator.  The o/p voltage is in quadrature with and controllable independently of the line current.

Xs via a compensating injected voltage.SSSC  The main function of the SSSC is to regulate the TL power flow PL. This can be accomplished by either direct control of the line current or indirect control by compensating for the TL impedance. Vs .

 The series converter operates as SSSC to control the real power flow .UNIFIED POWER FLOW CONTROLLER (UPFC)  The UPFC scheme consists of two basic switching power converter namely shunt and series converters connected to each other through a dc link capacitor.  The shunt converter operates exactly as STATCOM for reactive power compensation and voltage stabilization.

UNIFIED POWER FLOW CONTROLLER .

BOTH THE CONVERTERS CAN OPERATE IN A RECTIFIER MODE OR IN AN INVERTER MODE. 1. SHUNT CONNECTED. 2.  AN UPFC CONSISTS OF TWO VOLTAGE SOURCE CONVERTERS.INTRODUCTION OF UPFC  THE UPFC PROPOSED BY “GYUGYI” IS THE MOST VERSITILE FACTS CONTROLLER FOR THE REGULATION OF VOLTAGE AND POWER FLOW IN A TRANSMISSION LINE. SERIES CONNECTED. .

 impact active and reactive power flow in line.UPFC  may control voltage.impedence and angle. .

 the shunt device acts as a controllable current source. .  the upfc consists of a combination of a series device and shunt device.BASIC CONFIGURATION OF A UPFC  the upfc is installed between the sending end and receiving end of a transmission line. the dc terminals of which are connected to a common dc-link capacitor.  the series device acts as a controllable voltage source.

 the active power can either be absorbed or supplied by the series connected converter. but also the reactive current injected at the converter bus.Cont’d……….  the main purpose of the shunt device is to regulate the link voltage by adjusting the amount of active power drawn from the transmission line.  the shunt connected converter provides the necessary power required. ..

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CONSTRUCTION .

UILITY ANGULAR FREQUENCY (W0) 2*3. SERIES DEVICE CAPACITY(PINV) 1. LINE INDUCTANCE (L) 7.RMS VOLTAGE OF VC (VC) 4.EXPERIMENTAL SYSTEM PARAMETERS 1. CONTROLLABLE POWER RATING (P) 10 KW 2. LINE RESISTANCE (R) 1.04 OMH (=1%) .14*60 rad/sec 6.0 mH (=10%) 0. UTILITY LINE TO LINE VOLTAGE (V) +12 V/-12 V (=10%) 200 V 5.1 KVA (=11%) 3 .

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM .

RESULTS Injected active power and Injected reactive power .

Line active power and line reactive power .

line voltage and line current .

MATLAB  High-Performance language for technical computing  Integrates computation. visualisation and programming  Matlab = MATrix LABoratory  Features family of add-on. application-specific toolboxes .

SIMULINK  Software Package for modelling. simulating and analysing dynamic systems  Supports linear & Non-linear systems  Supports continuous or discrete time systems  Supports multirate systems  Allows you to model real-life situations  Allows for a top-down and bottom-up approach .

MATLAB VS SIMULINK  MATLAB  SIMULINK .

.  increase loading capacity of transmission lines.  prevent blackouts  improve generation produtivity.  Effective use of upgrading/uprating.OPPORTUNITIES  control power so that it flows on the desired routes.

 THIS TYPE OF DEVICE IS MOST USEFUL IN THE OPERATION OF RESTUCTURED POWER SYSTEM.ADVANTAGES OF A UPFC  A UPFC MAY BE REQUIRED WHENEVER THE PROBLEMS OF VOLTAGE AND POWER FLOW ARE PRESENT.  THE POWER PLANNING STUDIES ARE REQUIRED TO DETERMINE THE NEED OF A CONSUMER. .

real-time control of all basic power system parameters (transmission voltage.  Gives better performance as compared to STATCOM. .  Provide simultaneous.SSSC and TCSC. impedance and phase angle) and dynamic compensation of ac system.CONCLUSION  Most sophisticated power flow controller Expensive.

QUERIES?????...... ..