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by Group 4

There are three types of joints classified by the amount of movement they allow: immovable. is the place where two bones come together. .A joint. Joints are mainly classified structurally and functionally. or articulation. and freely movable. slightly movable.

. Examples include the shoulder and hip.The ball-shaped end of one bone fits into a cup shaped socket on the other bone allowing the widest range of motion including rotation.

Oval shaped condyle fits into elliptical cavity of another allowing angular motion but not rotation. This occurs between the metacarpals (bones in the palm of the hand) and phalanges (fingers) and between the metatarsals (foot bones excluding heel) and phalanges (toes). .

The only saddle joint in the body is in the thumb.This type of joint occurs when the touching surfaces of two bones have both concave and convex regions with the shapes of the two bones complementing one other and allowing a wide range of movement. .

Rounded or conical surfaces of one bone fit into a ring of one or tendon allowing rotation. An example is the joint between the axis and atlas in the neck. .

.A convex projection on one bone fits into a concave depression in another permitting only flexion and extension as in the elbow and knee joints.

This happens in the carpals in the wrist and the tarsals in the ankle. .Flat or slightly flat surfaces move against each other allowing sliding or twisting without any circular movement.

Because of this characteristic. Based on certain structural and functional characteristics. muscle tissue provides motion. maintenance of posture. .Muscle tissues consists of fibers (cells) that are highly specialized for the active generation of force for contraction. smooth and skeletal. muscle tissue is classified into three types: cardiac. and heat production.

it is striated (the muscle fibers contain alternating light and dark bands (striations) that are perpendicular to the long axes of the fibers). . its contraction is usually not under conscious control (involuntary). Unlike skeletal muscle tissue. Like skeletal muscle tissue.Cardiac muscle tissue forms the bulk of the wall of the heart.

.Smooth muscle tissue is located in the walls of hollow internal structures such as blood vessels. Smooth muscle tissue. Smooth muscle fibers are usually involuntary (not under conscious control). can undergo hypertrophy. and they are nonstriated (smooth). the stomach. like skeletal and cardiac muscle tissue. retain their capacity for division and can grow by hyperplasia. intestines. and urinary bladder. such as those in the uterus. certain smooth muscle fibres. In addition.

attached to bones. It is striated. . that is.Skeletal muscle tissue is named for its location . the fibers (cells) contain alternating light and dark bands (striations) that are perpendicular to the long axes of the fibers. Skeletal muscle tissue can be made to contract or relax by conscious control (voluntary).