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The Indonesian economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP. The largest – and politically dominant – ethnic group are the Javanese. of the University of Berlin. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism. popularly Indië. religious pluralism within a majority Muslim population. a student of Earl's.[6] It encompasses 33 provinces and 1 Special Administrative Region (for being governed by a pre-colonial monarchy) with over 238 million people. The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century. Dutch academics writing in East Indies publications were reluctant to use Indonesia. and periods of rapid economic change. with challenges posed by natural disasters. Palau.[14] Adolf Bastian. Malayunesians — for the inhabitants of the "Indian Archipelago or Malayan Archipelago". yet one"). defined by a national language. A shared identity has developed. and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. ethnic diversity. Indonesia's republic form of government comprises an elected legislature and president. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea. 1884–1894. Indonesia's history has since been turbulent. when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. George Windsor Earl. corruption. the East (de Oost). far predating the formation of independent Indonesia. Despite its large population and densely populated regions. separatism.[11] In the same publication. the name Indonesia became more common in academic circles outside the Netherlands. while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. articulates the diversity that shapes the country. and Malaysia. Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity. a democratization process. the Philippines. East Timor.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Indonesia (i/ˌɪndəˈniːʒə/ IN-də-NEE-zhə or /ˌɪndoʊˈniːziə/ IN-doh-NEE-zee-ə). Australia. Indonesia's national motto. is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising 13. they used the terms Malay Archipelago (Maleische Archipel). James Richardson Logan. The first Indonesian scholar to use the . religious and political models from the early centuries CE. Instead. Indonesia secured its independence after World War II. "many.[10] In 1850.466 islands. and Indonesian nationalist groups adopted it for political expression. popularized the name through his book Indonesien oder die Inseln des Malayischen Archipels. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies. used Indonesia as a synonym for Indian Archipelago. officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia Indonesian pronunciation: [rɛpublik ɪndonesia]). the Netherlands East Indies (Nederlandsch Oost Indië).[7][8] Contents 1 Etymology 2 History 3 Government and politics 4 Foreign relations and military 5 Administrative divisions 6 Geography 7 Biota and environment 8 Economy 9 Demographics 10 Culture 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links Etymology Further information: Names of Indonesia The name Indonesia derives from the Greek words Indós and nèsos. The country has abundant natural resources. and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources.[12][13] However. his preference. "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally. which means "island". The nation's capital city is Jakarta. an English ethnologist. proposed the terms Indunesians — and. making it the world's fourth most populous country. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural. Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups. Muslim traders brought the now-dominant Islam.[9] The name dates to the 18th century. Other neighboring countries include Singapore. and Insulinde. and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. yet poverty remains widespread.[14] After 1900.

Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies. and periods of rapid economic change. proposed the terms Indunesians — and. popularized the name through his book Indonesien oder die Inseln des Malayischen Archipels. and Insulinde. Muslim traders brought the now-dominant Islam. used Indonesia as a synonym for Indian Archipelago. Despite its large population and densely populated regions. The largest – and politically dominant – ethnic group are the Javanese. George Windsor Earl.[9] The name dates to the 18th century. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising 13. when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Indonesia's history has since been turbulent. and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished.[6] It encompasses 33 provinces and 1 Special Administrative Region (for being governed by a pre-colonial monarchy) with over 238 million people. "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally.[7][8] Contents 1 Etymology 2 History 3 Government and politics 4 Foreign relations and military 5 Administrative divisions 6 Geography 7 Biota and environment 8 Economy 9 Demographics 10 Culture 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links Etymology Further information: Names of Indonesia The name Indonesia derives from the Greek words Indós and nèsos. is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia and Oceania. The first Indonesian scholar to use the . Instead.[14] After 1900. Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups. with challenges posed by natural disasters. "many. 1884–1894. a student of Earl's. Malayunesians — for the inhabitants of the "Indian Archipelago or Malayan Archipelago".[14] Adolf Bastian.[11] In the same publication.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Indonesia (i/ˌɪndəˈniːʒə/ IN-də-NEE-zhə or /ˌɪndoʊˈniːziə/ IN-doh-NEE-zee-ə). and Indonesian nationalist groups adopted it for political expression. religious pluralism within a majority Muslim population. A shared identity has developed. The nation's capital city is Jakarta. Palau. East Timor. Indonesia's national motto. making it the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity. far predating the formation of independent Indonesia. the Netherlands East Indies (Nederlandsch Oost Indië). the Philippines. defined by a national language. they used the terms Malay Archipelago (Maleische Archipel).466 islands. popularly Indië. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural. and Malaysia. yet poverty remains widespread. and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Australia. Indonesia's republic form of government comprises an elected legislature and president.[10] In 1850. the East (de Oost). which means "island". Indonesia secured its independence after World War II. corruption. The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century. and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. his preference. while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Other neighboring countries include Singapore. Dutch academics writing in East Indies publications were reluctant to use Indonesia. yet one"). officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia Indonesian pronunciation: [rɛpublik ɪndonesia]). articulates the diversity that shapes the country.[12][13] However. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. ethnic diversity. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea. separatism. a democratization process. The Indonesian economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP. The country has abundant natural resources. of the University of Berlin. religious and political models from the early centuries CE. an English ethnologist. the name Indonesia became more common in academic circles outside the Netherlands. James Richardson Logan. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism.