Bahasa Inggris Verb

By : • Alvina Pratiwi • Choiriyah Umama • Janerizka Bari putri • Virra Indah Pujilestari 1 sipil 2 (sore) POLITEKNIK NEGRI JAKARTA

. In the following two sentence frames. only a verb can be put into the empty slot.VERBS Verbs have traditionally been defined as words that show action or state of being. Verbs can also sometimes be recognized by their position in a sentence.

) creates the present participle / used with be (He is talking.) creates the past participle / used with have (He has talked. -ing 3.) . -en creates 3rd person singular / present tense (He talks.The base form of a verb is derived from the verb’s infinitive: to + verb Four suffixes consistently added to a verb’s base create all forms of a verb used in all tenses: 1. -ed 4.) creates the simple past (He talked. -s 2.

Note: • The -en verb ending used with a form of to have as an auxiliary is generally written -ed. • The majority of verbs are regular and consistently use -ed and -en to form their simple past tense and past participles. . their –ed and/or – en endings may not follow any obvious pattern.g. however. • Many verbs in English are irregular. as in has talked. as result. has talked) Many verbs are irregular. (e. A list of the major irregular verbs is shown below. and follow no consistent pattern in creating their -ed and/or -en forms. talked.

Auxiliary verbs always precede the main verb. Inflected auxiliary verbs: Be have do • 2. • There are two types of auxiliary verbs: 1.A verb phrase is defined as the main verb together with all its auxiliaries (helping verbs). Modal auxiliaries (considered more fully under (auxiliary verbs) Present past no tense • Will • Shall • Can • May would should could might must .

We usually use helping verbs with main verbs. but they do not tell us very much alone.) There are only about 15 helping verbs. . They are necessary for the grammatical structure of the sentence. Helping Verbs Imagine that a stranger walks into your room and says: • I can • People must • The Earth will. (The sentences in the above examples are therefore incomplete.Verb Classification We divide verbs into two broad classifications: 1. They "help" the main verb. Do you understand anything? Has this person communicated anything to you? Probably not! That's because these verbs are helping verbs and have no meaning on their own. They need at least a main verb to complete them.

• The Earth rotates. . Only some of them have a helping verb. Main Verbs Now imagine that the same stranger walks into your room and says: • I teach. In the following table we see example sentences with helping verbs and main verbs. • People eat.2. Notice that all of these sentences have a main verb.

This is a list of 600 of the more common regular verbs. V1 • Close • Talk • Walk V2 closed talked walked V3 closed talked walked . "practise" becomes "practice" in American English).Regular Verbs List • There are thousands of regular verbs in English. Note that there are some spelling variations in American English (for example.

there are many others.Irregular Verbs List • This is a list of some irregular verbs in English. but these are the more common irregular verbs. Of course. V1 • Break • Drink • Write V2 broke drank wrote V3 broken drunk written .

Could. Example : We include have to here for convenience. Must. Example : We include be able to here for convenience. • Have to. Have to is NOT an auxiliary verb (it uses the verb have as a main verb). Must not/Mustn't Must is a modal auxiliary verb. Be able to is NOT an auxiliary verb (it uses the verb be as a main verb).Modal Verbs (modal auxiliaries) • Modal auxiliary verbs may sound difficult but in fact they're easy. They are invariable (no conjugation). . And the main verb is always the "bare infinitive" (the infinitive without "to"). • Can. Be able to Can and could are modal auxiliary verbs.

or even that today nobody uses shall (except in offers such as "Shall I call a taxi?"). but it's not really true.• Shall versus Will | Should versus Would People may sometimes tell you that there is no difference between shall and will. talk about obligation or talk about probability and expectation. • Would Would is an auxiliary verb. We use would mainly to talk about the past. • Should Should is an auxiliary verb. Example : They say the same thing about should. a modal auxiliary verb. We use should mainly to give advice or make recommendations. . talk about the future in the past and express the conditional mood. a modal auxiliary verb.

do. do and have are called modals. and have also differ from the other auxiliaries in that they can also serve as ordinary verbs in a given sentence. Unlike other auxiliary verbs modals only exist in their helping form. . they cannot act alone as the main verb in a sentence.• All the auxiliary verbs except be. • Be.

The modal verbs are:CAN / COULD / MAY / MIGHT / MUST / SHALL / SHOULD / OUGHT TO / WILL / WOULD Modal • Can • Could Example Can you help me? Could I borrow your dictionary? Uses Request Asking for permission. Asking for permission Future possibility Necessity / Obligation • May I have another cup of coffee? • Might • Must They might give us a 10% discount We must say good-bye now. .

(Recommending action ) • Will I’ll get back to you first thing on Monday.• Shall Shall I do that or will you? (Asking what to do ) • Should I think we should check everything again. (Promise ) • Would Would you mind waiting a moment? (Request ) .

He will … a car to campus tommorow 10. My mother is … a cheese cake in the kitchen now 9. Riri already … in love with him 8. My mother … rice every morning 4. Kipli … a book at the bookstore yesterday 7. Jane … a song every Sunday 6. Virra is … badminton now 5. They … football yesterday 2.EXERCISE !! 1. Vina and her sister … at swimming pool last week . I … to school everyday 3.


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