Amine gas treatment

• gas sweetening; acid gas removal • refers to a group of processes that use aqueous solutions of various alkylamines (RNH2) to remove hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon dioxide (CO2) from gases
Diethanolamine (DEA) Monoethanolamine (MEA) Methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) Diisopropanolamine (DIPA) Aminoethoxyethanol (Diglycolamine) (DGA)

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that stripped gas is mostly H2S. • In fact.000 tons of S produced worldwide in 2005 was byproduct sulfur from refineries and other hydrocarbon processing plants.• In oil refineries. much of which often comes from a sulfur-removing process called HDS. .000. This H2S-rich stripped gas stream is then usually routed into a Claus process to convert it into S. the vast majority of the 64.

. • Gas temperature can vary from ambient up to 60°C. • Absorber operating pressure can be up to 150 bar.ADIP PROCESS • The ADIP process covers the use of the aqueous solution of diisopropanol amine (DIPA) and the aqueous solution of methyldiethanol amine (MDEA).

Acrolein … – Effective in a wide range of fuels Minimizes number of additives needed Reduces product rejections and shipping delays Reduces additive odor. corrosion and safety problems .Chemical Removal of H2S • Oxidizers • Neutralizers (organic amines. inorganic bases) • Metals • Reactants – Organic Bases – Triazines – Formaldehyde.

cheap – Use alone or in combination – Thermally stable products – Reaction is reversible – Explosive – not selective for S – Weak acid/base equilibrium compounds .react – regenerate H2S with other under certain components of the conditions oil – Wastewater effects Not used – increased nitrogen – Dangerous – Non-selective for H2S – Reaction is reversible – Ash forming – Increases fuel sodium content – Limited safe injection temperature . sulfites Amine Neutralizers – Fast reaction – No sodium – lower-temperature applications Inorganic Bases – Fast reaction.Oxidizers – Very fast – Water soluble products.

Specialty chemical conversion reagents (Scavenger) • This type of additive reacts with H2S irreversibly to form thermally stable reaction products • Economical costs and fast reaction – – – – Water-soluble scavengers Oil-soluble scavengers Metal-based scavengers Non-nitrogen and polymeric aqueous-based scavengers are also available. .

• Economical costs and fast reaction • Moreover. they add a minimum amount of nitrogen to the fuel.Water-soluble scavengers • the most common scavengers • often the product of choice for applications at temperatures below 200°F (93°C). . due to their water solubility.

.0254 mm per year).• A common type of water-soluble H2S scavenger is a triazine-based chemistry. • By reducing the concentration of H2S in storage tank headspace.36 to 0. use of an H2S scavenger reduced corrosion rates measured on the tank roofs from nearly 14 to < 1 mils per year (0.

• These products are typically amine based and perform as effectively as water-soluble additives • the product of choice for viscous heavy oils and resins .Oil-soluble scavengers • Oil-soluble scavengers are used in hightemperature applications from ambient up to 350°F (177°C) • or when water tolerance of the hydrocarbon is an issue.

• provide H2S reduction levels that other H2S scavengers cannot achieve • increased reactivity with H2S .Metal-based scavengers • Metal-based scavengers answer the specific needs of very high temperature and high-H2S concentration applications.

NaOH) – Extensive no-harm testing – Successful industry track-record – Effective in wide range of fuels .H2S + SULFIX® product  Inert S species (Baker Huges) • Advantages: – Non-reversible at typical usage temperatures – Rapid reaction depending on mixing and dosage – Selective for H2S – May be used at high temperature and with caustic (KOH.

UOP Amine Guard FS process • UCARSOL (MDEA based solvent) Features:  High thermal and chemical stability  Non-corrosive (no corrosion inhibitors needed)  achieve very low residual H2S & CO2 content of product gas  Non – foaming .

Conventional (absorber + thermal regeneration) .

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SulfaTreat (Schlumberger) • A blend of iron oxides • The process is a fixed bed system for treating gas or vapor streams .