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You are on page 1of 89

INTRODUCING FRACTIONS

1 Orange = 2 _____?______

1 Yellow =

1 Orange 2 1 2

1 2

Numerator

Denominator

How big is

1 2

1 Red =

1 Dark Green 3 1 . 3

Find two pairs of rods that have the same relationship as the pair of rods indicated above.

1 3

1 4

1 represent ? 5

1 5

Try to show:

1 1 1 1 1 , , , , 6 7 8 9 10

1 6 1 7 1 8 1 9 1 10

2 4 7 3 4 8 , , , , , ? 7 9 8 6 5 10

2 7 4 9 7 8 8 10

3 6

4 5

1.

2.

3. 5.

4.

COMPARING FRACTIONS

Numerator is 1 Numerator is non-1 one of the denominators is a factor of the other denominators are non-factor

Show

1 1 and by 2 3

1 2 1 3

Which fraction has the bigger value?

Show

1 1 , 2 4

and

1 8

by

1 2

1 4 1 8

1 2

1 4 1 8

Smallest value?

1 2

1 4 1 8

1 1 1 2 4 8

Reminder:

Comparison between fractions can only be done if we refer to the same unit (the whole).

1 1 1 , , 2 4 8

To compare the three fractions above, the three fractions must be represented by using the same coloured rod as the unit, that is Chocolate(8cm).

1 2

1 4 1 8

1 1 1 2 4 8

1 1 , 3 9

Which fraction is bigger? Can show or proof by using the appropriate rods?

1 3

1 9

1 1 3 9

1 1 , 5 10

Without using CRods, indicate which fraction is bigger. Check or verify your answer by using CRods.

What conclusion or generalisation can you make when comparing the value of fractions whose numerators are 1?

More than

Less than

1 2 1 3 1 5

> >

>

1 3 1 9 1 10

DENOMINATORS NON-1

Try to compare:

3 5 dan 4 8

Reminder: we can only compare the value of fractions if they have the same denominator!

DENOMINATORS NON-1

Try comparing:

3 5 and 4 8

DENOMINATORS NON-1

Try comparing:

3 5 and 4 8

3 5 4 8

3 4 5 8

3 5 4 8

Compare:

2 5 dan 3 6

2 3 5 6 2 5 3 6

Try comparing:

2 3 dan 3 4

Which rod is appropriate to be used as 1 unit?

2 3 dan 3 4

We need to find the least common multiple (LCM) for both denominators (that is 3 and 4) by using CRods.

2 3 and 3 4

Take out the appropriate rod that represents 3 and 4. Put them side by side with the same starting point. Which rod is shorter? Add another same coloured rod. Continue until both rows of rods are of the same length.

The total length of either row is the Lowest Common Multiple for 3 and 4.

2 3 and 3 4

Show

2 and 3

3 . 4

2 3

3 4

2 3 3 4

or

2 3

Same length

3 4

2 3 3 4

2 3 and ? 3 5

2 3 and 3 5

LCM = 15

2 3 3 5

Challenge: can you compare the values of three fractions? a. Using Cuisenaire Rods b. Finding LCM

EQUIVALENT FRACTIONS

1 2

Use Red to represent each rod.

1 2 2 4

1 2 2 4

Use Whites to represent Reds.

1 2 2 4 4 8

1 2 4 2 4 8

EQUIVALENT FRACTIONS

Write down two equivalent fractions for the pair of rods below:

1 3 3 9

Write down two equivalent fractions for the pair of rods below:

2 4 3 6

Write down two equivalent fractions for the pair of rods below:

3 6 5 10

1 3 3 9 2 4 3 6 3 6 5 10

1 2 4 2 4 8

What is the relationship between the numerator and denominator of each equivalent fraction?

Complete:

2 3 6

6 4 8

6 9

1 2 6

nombor bulat?

sambungkan menjadi gerabak! ** Jadi kemahiran ini akan dipindahkan ke operasi dengan pecahan!

ADDITION OF FRACTIONS

Ingat: pecahan adalah satu hubungan. Di sini apakah hubungan putih dengan hijau mudah? Satu per tiga. Apakah hubungan putih dengan hijau mudah yang sama? Satu per tiga. Whole yang sama, maka jumlahnya adalah dua pertiga!

ADDITION OF FRACTIONS

Have more practices.

Example:

1 3 2 8

1 3 2 8

The bigger denominator is 8.

Represent both fractions by using Chocolate.

1 4 2 8 3 8

1 3 4 3 7 2 8 8 8 8

Try

2 3 5 10

2 4 5 10 3 10

2 3 4 3 7 10 10 10 5 10

Contoh:

1 1 2 3

Bigger denominator is 3.

Can both fractions be represented by the Dark Green? Which Rod will be appropriate to be used as the whole for both fractions?

1 3 2 6

1 2 3 6

1 1 3 2 1 2 3 6 6 6

Try:

2 1 3 4

= 12

2 1 8 3 5 3 4 12 12 12

C.

1 2 1 2 3 4

1 2 1 2 3 4

(i) Find LCM for 2, 3 & 4

1 2 1 2 3 4

(ii) Representing the above fractions using appropriate CRods.

1 2 2 3 1 4

1 2 1 2 3 4

(iii) Writing the equivalent fractions

1 6 2 12 2 8 3 12 1 3 4 12

1 2 1 6 8 3 11 2 3 4 12 12 12 12

2 1 3 3 6 4

2 1 3 3 6 4

(i) Find LCM for 3, 6 & 4

2 1 3 3 6 4

(ii) Representing the above fractions.

2 1 3 8 2 9 3 6 4 12 12 12 15 12 3 1 12 1 1 4

Terima Kasih

Thank You

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