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Manuscript Delivery
Reading directly from text
Delivering Your Presentation


Strategies for Memorized Speaking • Do not speak too rapidly • Avoid patterns of vocal inflections • Use gestures and movements Impromptu Speaking •Consider your audience •Be brief •Organize •Draw on experience and knowledge •Use gestures and movements •Be sensitive to audience 3 .

Extemporaneous Speaking • • • • • Start with a preparation outline Rehearse with a delivery outline Don’t memorize word for word Adapt delivery to audience Use natural gestures and movement 4 .

table • Scruffy old cat vs. foreign phrases or jargon • Converse vs. scientific words. 2007. conversate Correct Words 5 Copyright © 2010. Inc . Toy • Chairperson vs. cat Unbiased Words Vivid Words Simple Words • Avoid long words. 2004 Pearson Education.Using Words Well Concrete Words • Poodle vs. Chairman • Member of Congress vs. Congressman • Distressed oak table vs. Dog • Lego vs.

Inc . 2007.Nonverbal Delivery: Eye Contact • Establish eye contact • Maintain eye contact • Connect with different audience members 6 Copyright © 2010. 2004 Pearson Education.

Challenge Question • Which of the following will help you establish effective eye contact with an audience? A. 2004 Pearson Education. Inc 7 . Establish eye contact with the audience only after you have started your presentation Copyright © 2010. Scan your audience without sustaining eye contact with any one individual for too long B. 2007. Focus most of your eye contact on people in the first few rows D. Read from your notes during your opening to make sure you get it right C.

Establish eye contact with the audience only after you have started your presentation Copyright © 2010. Read from your notes during your opening to make sure you get it right C. Scan your audience without sustaining eye contact with any one individual for too long B. Focus most of your eye contact on people in the first few rows D.Answer • Which of the following will help you establish effective eye contact with an audience? A. 2007. 2004 Pearson Education. Inc 8 .

2004 Pearson Education. 2007.Nonverbal Delivery: Gestures • Should – connect with message – Appear natural – Be varied – Not be overdone – Be appropriate to audience and occasion Nonverbal Delivery: Movement Should Be consistent with verbal content Move closer to your audience Adapt to audience’s cultural expectations 9 Copyright © 2010. Inc .

2007. 2004 Pearson Education. Inc .Nonverbal Delivery: Posture • Avoid – Slouching – Shifting from foot to foot – Drooping your head – Sitting Nonverbal Delivery: Facial Expressions • Paul Ekman’s research reveals expressions are – The first thing audience notices – Virtually universal 10 Copyright © 2010.

2004 Pearson Education. Inc . 2007. dress conservatively 11 Copyright © 2010.Vocal Delivery • Volume – Softness or loudness of voice • Pitch – Inflection-variation in pitch • Rate – How fast you talk • Articulation – How you annunciate words Appearance • Never wear anything distracting • Consider appropriate clothing for topic • Take cues from audience • When in doubt.

Videotapes and Streaming Video • Ensure equipment is available • Twenty to thirty people need twenty-five foot screen • Have equipment ready before speech • Use brief excerpts Copyright © 2010. Inc 12 . 2007.Types of Presentation Aids: DVDs. 2004 Pearson Education.

Inc . 2007.Guidelines for Preparing Presentation Aids • Adapt to your audience • Be aware of your specific purpose • Consider your skill and experience • Understand room environment 13 Copyright © 2010. 2004 Pearson Education.

2007. 2004 Pearson Education.• Speaking to Inform T-E-A-C-H Tell • Describe what you want audience to know • Show them an example • Allow them time to apply skill • Provide positive coaching • Help learning by correcting mistakes Example Apply Coach Help 14 Copyright © 2010. Inc .

2007. 2004 Pearson Education. Inc .Relate to Your Listeners • Activity and movement • Issues and events close to the audience • Conflict Establish Motive for Audience to Listen • Ask question they can relate to • Capture their attention with startling statistic or anecdote • Motivate them to listen 15 Copyright © 2010.

new shoe leather. crayons. fudgy nut brownies Light. buttery pie crust 16 Copyright © 2010. freshly painted walls Onomatopoetic words: buzz. 2004 Pearson Education. Inc . 2007. crackle. or hiss A rock as rough as sandpaper A pebble as smooth as a baby’s skin Sweet. snort. flaky.Paint Picture With Words Describe what you see The first day of school…. hum.

2007.Use Resources • DVDs • Streaming videos • Graphs • Charts 17 Copyright © 2010. 2004 Pearson Education. Inc .

2007. 2004 Pearson Education.Use Humor • Use humor to make a point • Make yourself the brunt of a joke • Use cartoons 18 Copyright © 2010. Inc .

Inc .Memorable Speeches Build in Redundancy • Tell them what you’re going to tell them • Tell them • Tell them what you told them • Adults need: – – – – – information they can use immediately to be actively involved in learning process connect experience with new information to understand relevance to their lives information relevant to their needs 19 Copyright © 2010. 2007. 2004 Pearson Education.

Inc .” • “This last tip is the most important.” • “Be sure to remember this point.” Memorable Speeches Reinforce Key Ideas Nonverbally • Gestures • Pauses • Movements • Visuals 20 Copyright © 2010.Memorable Speeches Reinforce Key Ideas Verbally • “This is the most important point. 2004 Pearson Education. 2007.

Inc . 2007. 2004 Pearson Education.Enhancing Credibility Before You Speak As You Speak After You Speak • Dress appropriately • Summarize qualifications and accomplishments • Establish common ground with audience • Support your arguments with evidence • Present an organized message • Prepare conclusion and deliver it well • Maintain eye contact even after final sentence • Answer closing questions 21 Copyright © 2010.

I wish we had more of that sort of competition in the family of nations. Second. they know who missed the open goal. confident. debating the finer points of games endlessly. You could even say it's more universal. But in fact. or in reducing the number of 22 carbon emissions or new HIV infections. and dazzlingly analytical experts. But there are far better reasons to be envious. First. the World Cup is an event in which everybody knows where their team stands.• HOW WE ENVY THE WORLD CUP June 2006 You may wonder what a Secretary-General of the United Nations is doing writing about football. we have only 191. Normally tongue-tied teenagers suddenly becoming eloquent. I wish we had more of that sort of conversation in the world at large. the World Cup makes us in the UN green with envy. Citizens consumed by the topic of how their country could do better on the Human Development Index. they know who saved the penalty. played in every country by every race and religion. FIFA has 207 members. As the pinnacle of the only truly global game. and what it did to get there. Dissecting what their team did right. and trying to outdo one another in child survival rates or enrolment in secondary education. revealing an intimate knowledge not only of their own national teams but of many of the others too. Countries openly vying for the best standing in the table of respect for human rights. it is one of the few phenomena as universal as the United Nations. People sitting in cafés anywhere from Buenos Aires to Beijing. the World Cup is an event which everybody on the planet loves talking about. and what it could have done differently -. Governments being held accountable for what actions led them to that result. and expressing themselves on the subject with as much clarity as passion.not to mention the other side’s team. . They know who scored and how and in what minute of the game. States parading their performance for the entire world to see.

they often become heroes in their adopted countries -. social. Only two commodities matter in this game: talent and team work.for migrants. That migrants not only build better lives for themselves and their families. the World Cup is an event which takes place on a level playing field. but are also agents of development -. barriers or tariffs. where every country has a chance to participate on equal terms. the World Cup is an event which illustrates the benefits of crosspollination between peoples and countries. I wish we had more levelers like that in the global arena. The same goes for the increasing number of players who between World Cups represent clubs away from home.• Third. Free and fair exchanges without the interference of subsidies. I wish it were equally plain for all to see that human migration in general can create triple wins -. and in the homelands they inspire through new-won ideas and know-how when they return. 23 . In the process. They inject new qualities into their new team. grow from the experience. for their countries of origin. More and more national teams now welcome coaches from other countries. Fourth. and are able to contribute even more to their home side when they return. and for the societies that receive them.economic.helping to open hearts and broaden minds. who bring new ways of thinking and playing. and cultural -in the countries they go and work in. Every country getting a real chance to field its strengths on the world stage.

it inspires nothing less than the hope of national rebirth. such as Angola. And for those who are currently riven by conflict. part of the family of nations and peoples. it is a badge of honor.being there. For countries qualifying for the first time. I can't promise I'll succeed. such as my native Ghana. Of course. I'm not talking only about the goals a country scores. I'll try to remember that when Ghana plays Italy in Hanover on 12 June. but whose World Cup team is a unique and powerful symbol of national unity. Kofi Annan 24 . it provides a sense of national renewal. I also mean the most important goal of all -. Which brings me to what is perhaps most enviable of all for us in the United Nations: the World Cup is an event in which we actually see goals being reached. playing in the World Cup is a matter of profound national pride. like Côte d’Ivoire.For any country. For those who are doing so after years of adversity. celebrating our common humanity.