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4G: The End of the Intelligent Network

Dana blair (dblair@cisco.Com) 678-352-2789

Presentation_ID

Spring VON 2001

Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP

Pre-4G Intelligent Network


Current mobile wireless infrastructure is the last outpost of the Intelligent Network Service delivery centered around SS7/IS-41/GSM MAP intelligent nodes within the network
1G is POTS over the air 2G/2.5G/3G is ISDN over the air
Spring VON 2001

Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP

2000, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Pre-4G Intelligent Network


Every digital wireless phone is an ISDN phone with handoff and paging
Voice service deployment with 3G is equivalent to service deployment with ISDN ISDN was unsuccessful in deployment of new voice services and integrated voice/data. However, 3G has cracked open the door with SIP and IPv6 endorsement
Spring VON 2001

Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP

2000, Cisco Systems, Inc.

2G to 4G Voice Delivery
2G
BTS Base Station Mobile Switching Center Controller (MSCA) ISDN w/ handoff Circuit

PSTN

3G R99

Node B

RNC

MSC Server
ISDN w/ handoff ATM

ATM

3G R00 VoIP

Node B

RNC

SGSN

GGSN

ATM

IP Tunnel

IP Tunnel

4G VoIP

Node B

Call State Control Function SIP Call stateful Proxy

IP

Internet
SIP Media Gateway
Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP
2000, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Spring VON 2001

3G View of SIP
ISDN call model with SIP protocol instead of Q.931
Replace SS7/IS-41/GSM MAP application development with SIP Voice call control performed by Intelligent Network nodes (CSCF, ) Similar to ISDN voice and integrated voice/data service deployment model
Spring VON 2001

Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP

2000, Cisco Systems, Inc.

3G View of IPv6
Need larger address space for billions of mobile devices
Permanently assign an IPv6 address to every mobile device Global tromboning through Intelligent Network nodes Mobility managed through IP tunneling
Spring VON 2001

Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP

2000, Cisco Systems, Inc.

2G to 4G Data
2G
BTS Base Station Mobile Switching Center Controller (MSCA) ISDN w/ handoff Circuit V.110 NAS

PSTN

2.5G GPRS

Node B

RNC

SGSN

GGSN

ATM

IP Tunnel

IP Tunnel

3G UMTS

Node B

RNC

SGSN

GGSN

Internet

ATM

IP Tunnel

IP Tunnel

4G

Node B

IP

3G data delivery is the same as 2.5G


Spring VON 2001

Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP

2000, Cisco Systems, Inc.

3G compared 2G/2.5G
Multimode radio still needed
Similar throughput, delay, reliability, QoS advantage Same ISDN call model Voice and Data continue to use seperately signalled channels Very similar service delivery model.
Spring VON 2001

Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP

2000, Cisco Systems, Inc.

4G: What About Bandwidth ?


How much energy can be squeezed into a cubic meter of air without damaging plants and animals ?
Transmission rates are limited by the output power of the mobile device and human factors
Spring VON 2001

Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP

2000, Cisco Systems, Inc.

4G: What About Bandwidth ?


Battery technology improves

Human factors do not change.


Why does a microwave oven shut off immediately when the door is open ?

Solution - decrease the distance from handset to receiver with greater base station density
Spring VON 2001

Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP

2000, Cisco Systems, Inc.

A View of 4G
GSM/TDMA/EDGE/CDMA 2G/2.5G radios
IP over 3G R99 ATM infrastructure SIP and IPv6 in the handset Optimal internet routing and handoff protocols Greater base station density improves bandwidth
Spring VON 2001

Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP

2000, Cisco Systems, Inc.

A View of 4G
Seamless use of many radio protocols both licensed and unlicensed spectrum (802.11, bluetooth, cellular, )
Integration of voice and data over the same transmission channel Integrated voice and data SIPenabled applications
Spring VON 2001

Session 32 - 4G Wireless: Future of VoIP

2000, Cisco Systems, Inc.