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Review quiz 4 Numbers Who/Whom Misplaced & Dangling Modifiers Discuss Readings Peer Review Essay #3

Eng 100

Review Quiz #4
1. Choose the statement that is true. A. A dash serves a purpose similar to a comma, semicolon, or colon. B. Use a dash if you dont want to interrupt the flow of a sentence. C. A dash can be used to show an omission of words in a direct quote. D. Dashes let the reader know that a verb is in the conditional sense. A.

Review Quiz #4
2. Choose the sentence that uses dashes correctly. A. He traveled - all over America to Boston, Chicago, Denver, Salt Lake City, and many other places to promote his idea. B. He traveled all over America to Boston, Chicago, Denver, Salt Lake City, and many other places to promote his idea. C. He traveled all over America to Boston, Chicago, Denver, Salt Lake City, and many other places to promote his idea. D. He traveled all over America to Boston Chicago Denver, Salt Lake City and many other places to promote his idea. B

Review Quiz #4
3. Choose the sentence that uses brackets correctly. A few celebrities, [such as Andre Agassi], have caused an uproar by cutting their hair. The defendant told the court, I saw [Mr. Rivers] walk out of the store carrying a TV set. Jerrys uncle has the dubious distinction of owning a signed copy of Mein Kampf [My Struggle]. My back {sic} surgery was a success, the mayor announced. B

Review Quiz #4
4. Choose the sentence that uses brackets correctly. A. Emma Lazarus understood Bartholdis desire to demonstrate this shared ideal. In her opening line, Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame (the Colossus of Rhodes), she alludes to an ancient statue one hundred feet high. B. Emma Lazarus [understood Bartholdis desire] to demonstrate this shared ideal. In her opening line, Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame the Colossus of Rhodes, she alludes to an ancient statue one hundred feet high. C. Emma Lazarus understood Bartholdis desire to demonstrate this shared ideal. In her opening line, Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame (the Colossus of Rhodes), she alludes to an ancient statue one hundred feet high. D. Emma Lazarus understood Bartholdis desire to demonstrate this shared ideal. In her opening line, Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame [the Colossus of Rhodes], she alludes to an ancient statue one hundred feet high. D

Review Quiz #4
5. A four-dot ellipsis indicates that the writer is omitting the last part of a sentence that ends in a period. the speaker being quoted was abruptly interrupted by another speaker. an offensive, emotional, or obscene word came at the end of the sentence. something within the quote was erroneous. A

Review Quiz #4
6. Choose the sentence that correctly uses the ellipsis. A. Bartholdi was determined to build A mighty womanMother of Exiles and place her in New York Harbor. B. Bartholdi was determined to build A mighty woman Mother of Exiles and place her in New York Harbor C. Bartholdi was determined to build A mighty woman Mother of Exiles and place her in New York Harbor. D. Bartholdi was determined to build A mighty womanMother of Exiles and place her in New York Harbor. A

Review Quiz #4
7. Choose the sentence that correctly uses parenthesis. A. He was amazed at the countrys size, industry, and enthusiasm for (creating things) buildings, that is, not art. B. He was amazed at the countrys size, (industry), and enthusiasm for creating things, buildings, that is, not art. C. He was amazed at the countrys size, industry, and enthusiasm for creating things, (buildings, that is, not art). D. He was amazed at the countrys size, industry, and enthusiasm for creating things (buildings, that is, not art.) A

Review Quiz #4
8. Choose the statement that correctly uses slashes. A. Their gifts allowed Miss Libertys torch to shine out over the water to say, Give me your tired, your poor, / Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, / The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, / Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, / I lift my lamp beside the golden door. B. Their gifts allowed Miss Libertys torch to shine out over the water to say, Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, / I lift my lamp beside the golden door. C. Their gifts allowed Miss Libertys torch to shine out over the water to say, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, / The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, / Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, / I lift my lamp beside the golden door. D. Their gifts allowed Miss Libertys torch to shine out over the water to say, / The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, / Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, / I lift my lamp beside the golden door. B

Review Quiz #4
9. A. After his discovery of India, Columbus received confirmation of his self given title, Admiral-of-theOcean-Seas and a Viceroy of the Indies. B. After his discovery of India, Columbus received confirmation of his self-given title, Admiral-of-theOcean-Seas and a Viceroy-of-the-Indies. C. After his discovery of India, Columbus received confirmation of his self-given-title, Admiral of the Ocean Seas and a Viceroy of the Indies. D. After his discovery of India, Columbus received confirmation of his self-given title, Admiral of the Ocean Seas and a Viceroy of the Indies. D

Review Quiz #4
10. A. What a cute-little-bird she has! B. You must let-down your guard. C. She jumped from a two-story building. D. The cancellation of the snow was a realletdown.

Review Quiz #4
11. King didnt have much to write on in the jail, so he started writing in the margins of the newspaper in which the article appeared. King started writing in the margins of the newspaper in which the article appeared because he didnt have much to write on in the jail.

Review Quiz #4
12. A friend, wanting to help King, was able to get some scraps of paper for him after a while. Wanting to help King, a friend was able to get some scraps of paper for him after a while.

Review Quiz #4
13. His attorneys were later allowed to give him a pad of paper. King, fired up by the newspaper article, quickly filled the pad. Fired up by the newspaper article, King quickly filled the pad that was given to him by his attorneys. Kings attorneys were later allowed to give him a pad of paper that King quickly filled because he was fired up by the newspaper article.

Review Quiz #4
14. King chose to write his response to the newspaper article in letter form, so he seemed like the biblical Paul to some people. Seeming like the biblical Paul to some people, King chose to write his response to the newspaper article in letter form.

Review Quiz #4
15. How were King and Paul alike? Paul, a preacher of the Christian faith like King, wrote some of his famous letters from a prison cell. How were King and Paul alike? King, like Paul, was a preacher of the Christian faith and wrote some of his famous letters from a prison cell.

Review Quiz #4
16. Leonardos life had three distinct periods: his childhood in Vinci, his apprenticeship to Florence, and ______. A. when he was an adult B. his being an adult and earning his own way C. his adulthood in various Italian cities C

Review Quiz #4
17. In childhood, Leonardo had not only a loving family and relatives but also ______. A. safe and unspoiled acres to explore B. he had the whole gentile slope of a mountain to explore C. including fields and vineyards to explore A

Review Quiz #4
18. However, two natural events haunted his memory for years: A hurricane destroyed much of the valley below his village, and ______. A. a flood washed away much of the city of Florence B. a flood that washed away much of the city of Florence C. the boiling, muddy surging waters of a flood A

Review Quiz #4
19. Wind and water became major topics for Leonardos study. He decided that wind and water were both useful and ______. A. did harmful things B. they caused harm C. harmful C

Review Quiz #4
20. Viewers can find in many of Leonardos works small round pebbles washed by a stream, riverbanks covered with moss and flowers, and _______. A. little freshwater crabs partly hidden beneath rocks B. viewers can find small freshwater crabs under rocks C. little freshwater crabs sometimes hide beneath rocks A

Numbers Differ according to style guide

MLA use numerals for numbers above one hundred (starting with 101) MLA spell out numbers one hundred and below MLA spell out large round numbers (fifteen million) APA spell out numbers one through nine, 10 and above written numerically Both when one number immediately follows another, spell out one number and use numerals for other (three 100-meter events, 25 four-poster beds)

Numbers use numerals according to convention


Dates July 4, 1776; 56 BC; AD 30 Addresses 77 Latches Lane, 519 West 42nd Street Percentages 55 percent (or 55%) Fractions, Decimals , 0.047 Scores 7 to 3, 21 18 Statistics average age 37, average weight 180 Surveys 4 out of 5 Exact amounts of money - $105. 37 Divisions of books volume 3, Chapter 4, page 189 Divisions of plays act 3, scene 3 (or act III, scene iii)

Numbers (cont.) use numerals according to convention


Identification numbers serial number 10988675 Time of Day 4:00 p.m., 1:30 a.m.

When not using a.m. or p.m., write out the time in words (two oclock in the afternoon, twelve noon, seven in the morning)

Exercise 22.1
1. John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr were 4 young men from Liverpool, England, who formed what would become the most popular rock band of all time. 4 = four 2. On January twenty-five, 1964, the Beatles first hit entered the U.S. charts. Twenty-five = 25 3. The song I Want to Hold Your Hand spent seven weeks at number one and 14 weeks in the top 40. 14 = fourteen

Exercise 22.1
4. Almost immediately, the Beatles began to attract 1000s of screaming fans everywhere they went. 1000s = thousands 5. Throughout the nineteen-sixties, the Beatles were the worlds most popular group. Nineteen-sixties = 1960s 6. During the eight years of the Beatles reign on the charts, they had more than forty three-minute pop hits. Three-minute = 3-minute

Exercise 22.1
7. By the 2nd half of the decade, he Beatles had stopped touring. 2nd = second 8. They performed live together for the last time on the roof of Three Savile Row, the headquarters of their doomed record company, Apple. Three = 3 9. 150 employees worked for Apple, which eventually went bankrupt. 150 = One hundred fifty 10. By no means did each Beatle earn twenty-five percent of the groups profits, for Lennon and McCartney wrote more than ninety percent of the songs. Twenty-five = 25 Ninety = 90

Who vs. Whom


I love you. Subject is the person doing something I am performing the love; therefore I am the subject Object is having something done to them You are the object of my affection

Who vs. Whom


Use who when referring to the subject of a clause Who loves you?

Use whom when referring to the object of a clause


Whom do you love?

Who vs. Whom He/Him trick


Him and whom both end with the letter m When trying to choose between who or whom, ask if the answer to the question would be he or him Who (or whom) do you love? Answer is I love him, so whom is correct Who (or whom) broke his heart? Answer is She broke his heart, so who is correct

Who vs. Whom Practice


1. ______ should we invite to the party? Whom 2. ______ wants ice cream? Who 3. ____ do you trust? Whom 4. For ______ the Bell Tolls Whom 5. ______ left the alligator in the backyard? Who 6. ______ do you think you are? Who

Your/youre; there/their/theyre; two/too/to

Youre too big for your britches.

Theyre on their way there.


Please give me two dollars so that I can go to the store too.

1. a. whom b. Ok 2. a. whom b. OK 3. a. whomever b. OK 4. a. whom b. Who 5. a. OK b. Ok

Misplaced & Dangling Modifiers

Modifiers should point clearly to the words they modify As a rule, related words should be kept together!

Put limiting modifiers in front of the words they modify


Limiting modifiers = only, even, almost, nearly, just These should appear in front of a verb only if they modify the verb At first, I couldnt even touch my toes, much less grasp them. If they limit the meaning of some other word in the sentence, they should be placed in front of that word. The cathedral almost took six centuries to complete. The cathedral took almost six centuries to complete.

Put limiting modifiers in front of the words they modify

If you just interview chemistry majors, your picture of the student bodys response to the new grading policies will be incomplete. If you interview just chemistry majors, your picture of the student bodys response to the new grading policies will be incomplete.

If you interview just chemistry majors, your picture of the student bodys response to the new grading policies will be incomplete.

Put limiting modifiers in front of the words they modify

In the United States in 1860, not all black southerners were slaves. In the United States in 1860, all black southerners were not slaves. In the United States in 1860, not all black southerners were slaves.

Place phrases and clauses so that readers can see at a glance what they modify

The soccer player returned to the clinic where he had undergone emergency surgery in 2004 in a limousine sent by Adidas. He had surgery in a limousine??? Traveling in a limousine sent by Adidas, the soccer player returned to the clinic where he had undergone emergency surgery in 2004.

Place phrases and clauses so that readers can see at a glance what they modify

There are many pictures of comedians who have performed at Gavins on the walls. The comedians are performing on the walls? On the walls are many pictures of comedians who have performed at Gavins. The robber was described as a six-foot-tall man with a heavy mustache weighing 170 pounds. Thats a heavy mustache!!! The robber was described as a 170-pound, six-foottall man with a heavy mustache.

Place phrases and clauses so that readers can see at a glance what they modify

A squinting modifier leads to ambiguity The exchange students we met for coffee occasionally questioned us about our latest slang. Did they meet occasionally? Or did the questioning happen occasionally? The exchange students we occasionally met for coffee questioned us about our latest slang. The exchange students we met for coffee questioned us occasionally about our latest slang.

Move awkwardly placed modifiers


A sentence should flow from subject to verb to object without lengthy detours along with way Hong Kong, after more than 150 years of British rule, was transferred back to Chinese control in 1997. After more than 150 years of British rule, Hong Kong was transferred back to Chinese control in 1997. After more than 150 years of British rule, Hong Kong was transferred back to Chinese control in 1997.

Avoid awkward split infinitives

Infinitive = to plus base form of a verb (to think) Split infinitive = modifier between to and verb (to carefully balance, to completely understand) When a long word or phrase appears between parts of the infinitive, result is usually awkward If possible, the patient should try to avoid going up and down stairs. The patient should try to if possible avoid going up and down stairs. If possible, the patient should try to avoid going up and down stairs.

Dangling Modifiers

Modifier fails to refer logically to any word in the sentence Opening the window to let out a huge bumblebee, the car swerved into an oncoming truck. The document understood the need for checks and balances? Opening the window to let out a huge bumblebee, Sally lost control and the car swerved into an oncoming truck.

Exercise 10.1
1. Recently, several sports have gained popularity that no one had heard of thirty years ago. Recently, several sports that no one had heard of thirty years ago have gained popularity. 2. With a name that suggests their dangerous allure, members of Generation X are attracted to these athletic events. With a name that suggests their dangerous allure, extreme sports are attracting members of Generation X.

Exercise 10.1
3. These Generation X games often involve going to inaccessible places, which include snowboarding and sky-surfing. These Generation X games, which include snowboarding and sky-surfing, often involve going to inaccessible places. 4. Snow activities are especially popular that can be done on remote mountain-tops. Snow activities that can be done on remote mountaintops are especially popular.

Exercise 10.1
5. Some of these sports have become so widely accepted that participants can now compete in the Olympics, such as freestyle skiing and snowboarding. Some of these sports, such as freestyle skiing and snowboarding, have become so widely accepted that participants can now compete in the Olympics. 6. Gasping at the antics of snowboarders, mountain bikers, and other athletes, these daredevils prove that the sports world really has changed. Gasping at the antics of snowboarders, mountain bikers, and other athletes, fans can see that the sports world really has changed.

Exercise 10.1
7. Only these in-your-face athletes are a small part of what is interesting about the changes taking place in sports today. These in-your-face athletes are only a small part of what is interesting about the changes taking place in sports today. 8. Occasionally, even fans of extreme sports know that the quest for adventure leads people into dangerous situations. Even fans of extreme sports know that the quest for adventure occasionally leads people into dangerous situations.

Exercise 10.1
9. Environmentalists also point out unfortunately that in some remote wilderness areas, extreme sports are taking their toll on nature. Environmentalists also point out that in some remote wilderness areas, extreme sports are unfortunately taking their toll on nature. 10. Probably, whether people love them or hate them, extreme sports will continue to inspire extreme reactions. Whether people love them or hate them, extreme sports will probably continue to inspire extreme reactions.

Break!

Essay Discussion - Jigsaw


Need 6 groups Discuss assigned essay

Multiple choice homework Journal prompt

Take notes

In next group, you will be the authority and report to your new group what the first group discussed.

Essay Guiding Questions (journal prompts) Whats in Your Toothpaste 1. How does Bodanis seem to arrange or order his division? The Myth of the Latin Woman 2. What are the stereotypes of myths of the Latin woman that Cofer has experienced? The Value of Children 3. What is the value of children? How many different values does Berelson cite? The Value of a College Degree 4. Are you convinced by her argument? Why or why not? The Case Against College 5. How does Lee feel about a college education? The Singer Solution to World Poverty 6. What is an analogy? Does Singer use analogy in his argument? If so, what is the analogy? Is it effective?

Whats in Your Toothpaste General Thoughts


1. The ingredient present in the largest quantity in toothpaste is water (E). 2. Chalk is added to toothpaste because it grinds the teeth, removing stains and deposits (C). 3. The foam or suds that we associate with toothpaste comes from detergent (B). 4. The most common flavoring used in toothpaste is double rectified peppermint (E). 5. Formaldehyde is used in toothpaste to kill bacteria that might grow in the mixture (B).

Essay Guiding Questions (journal prompts)

Whats in Your Toothpaste 1. How does Bodanis seem to arrange or order his division? In part, at least, Bodanis lists the ingredients in the order of their presence by weight water, then chalk, and so forth. Bodanis might well save formaldehyde for last, however, for its shock value.

The Myth of the Latin Woman General Thoughts


1. When a young Englishman she didnt know sang Maria to Cofer on a bus full of passengers, Cofer wasnt amused but responded politely (E). 2. One stereotype of Hispanic women that Cofer discusses is that of the sexual firebrand (B). 3. In noting cultural differences between Hispanic and Anglo women when she was younger, Cofer focuses on clothing and jewelry (C). 4. A second stereotype of Hispanic women that cofer discusses is that of the domestic or menial worker (D). 5. Cofer says that her goal as a writer is to replace old stereotypes with more realistic images (B).

Essay Guiding Questions (journal prompts)

The Myth of the Latin Woman 2. What are the stereotypes of myths of the Latin woman that Cofer has experienced? The myths are that Latin women are sexual firebrands, in part because of the way their culture encourages them to dress, and that they work in menial jobs.

The Value of Children General Thoughts


1. The purpose of Berelsons essay is to explain why all people in all societies have wanted children (E). 2. Berelson asserts that social traditions and social pressures greatly influence the number of children couples have (A). 3. Berelson says that generally, when the opportunity presents itself, both societies and families choose a higher standard of living over a greater number of children (B). 4. Berelson suggests that childbearing is one of the few ways in which the poor can compete with the rich (D). 5. To support his contention that some peole want children as extensions of themselves, Berelson quotes from one of Shakespeares sonnets (B).

Essay Guiding Questions (journal prompts)

The Value of Children 1. What is the value of children? How many different values does Berelson cite? Berelson lists six values people see in having children, the last one of which (personal) is further subdivided into six categories (power, competence, status, extension, experience, and pleasure).

The Value of a College Degree General Thoughts


1. More highly educated women show a tendencey to spend more time with their children (C). 2. Research has shown that parental educational levels are directly connected to the health status of their children (A). 3. Students who attend a post-secondary institution tend to be more open-minded (D)). 4. Benefits to society from a more-educated population include increased tax revenues, greater worker productivity, and increased consumption (D). 5. Given the increased costs of college and the rising interest rates on student loans, Porter argues that students will be far better off with college degrees (C).

Essay Guiding Questions (journal prompts)

The Value of a College Degree 4. Are you convinced by her argument? Why or why not? Accumulation of cited evidence?

The Case Against College General Thoughts


1. In the U.S., 66% of high school graduates go on to college (C). 2. Lee feels that percentage is too high; not everyone is ready for college or needs college (C). 3. Lees primary example in the essay is taken from her sons experiences (B). 4. Twenty-six percent of college students receive their degrees within four years (B). 5. Lees audience is teachers (B).

Essay Guiding Questions (journal prompts)

The Case Against College 5. How does Lee feel about a college education?

Lee is not arguing that students should not go to college. She is suggesting that both parents and students should not automatically assume that a college education is the thing to do. Not all students, and her son is an example, need or are ready for college.

The Singer Solution to World Poverty General Thoughts


1. It would cost $200 per year to help a sickly twoyear-old become a healthy six-year-old (D). 2. Singer draws an analogy between a ficitonal character and our own behavior concerning those in need. That example involves a man who buys a valuable old automobile.(B). 3. According to Singer, the need for financial aid is so great throughout the world that...none of the above(E).

The Singer Solution to World Poverty General Thoughts


4. The U.S. government contributes to overseas aid agencies...none of the above (E). 5. Singer argues that everyone in the U.S. should donate all money they earn over and above $30,000 a year (C).

Essay Guiding Questions (journal prompts)

The Singer Solution to World Poverty 6. What is an analogy? Does Singer use analogy in his argument? If so, what is the analogy? Is it effective? An analogy is an extended comparison. The extended analogy in he essay is the implied link between Bob and his Bugatti and the readers.

For Wednesday 4/16


Quiz #5 Essay #3 final copy due Prewrite/Plan for either classification/division or argument 4/23 Journals due 4/30 Grammar Final Review for writing final 5/7@7-9PM Writing final