141 views

Uploaded by Conceição Vilella

- Basic Engineering Correlation (Admath)
- Differential-Equations.pdf
- 10th Ncert Exempler Full
- Solving Inequalities Activity
- June 2014 (R) QP - C1 Edexcel.pdf
- DCC MS Course Selection Book 2015-2016
- chapter 9 solutions
- Syllabus of Maharashtra Board
- Neoclassical Growth Model
- road to a star fm
- OLEVEL ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS REVISION NOTES BY FAHMEED RAJPUT.doc
- C3 Paper A Short
- Integration Smktb2010
- fem_intro
- MSC question paper
- E-eng-vt98
- Non-Routine Problems 2003
- 33sSolver2
- algebra1section7 1
- writing and solving systems rubric 1

You are on page 1of 39

Warm Up

Lesson Presentation

Lesson Quiz

2-8

Warm Up

Solve. 1. y + 7 < 11 2. 4m 12 3. 5 2x 17

y < 18

m 3 x 6

Holt Algebra 2

(-2, 3] (-, 1]

2-8

Objectives

Solve compound inequalities.

Write and solve absolute-value equations and inequalities.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Vocabulary

disjunction conjunction absolute-value

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

A compound statement is made up of more than one equation or inequality. A disjunction is a compound statement that uses the word or.

Disjunction: x 3 OR x > 2 Set builder notation: {x|x 3 U x > 2} A disjunction is true if and only if at least one of its parts is true.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

A conjunction is true if and only if all of its parts are true. Conjunctions can be written as a single statement as shown. x 3 and x< 2 3 x < 2

Holt Algebra 2

x < 2}.

2-8

Reading Math Dis- means apart. Disjunctions have two separate pieces. Con- means together Conjunctions represent one piece.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Example 1A: Solving Compound Inequalities Solve the compound inequality. Then graph the solution set. 6y < 24 OR y +5 3 Solve both inequalities for y.

6y < 24 y + 5 3 or y < 4 y 2 The solution set is all points that satisfy {y|y < 4 or y 2}.

6 5 4 3 2 1

Holt Algebra 2

(, 4) U [2, )

2-8

Example 1B: Solving Compound Inequalities Solve the compound inequality. Then graph the solution set.

c 4 c<0 The solution set is the set of points that satisfy both c 4 and c < 0. [4, 0)

6 5 4 3 2 1

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Example 1C: Solving Compound Inequalities Solve the compound inequality. Then graph the solution set. x 5 < 2 OR 2x 10 Solve both inequalities for x. x 5 < 2 or 2x 10

x<3 x5 The solution set is the set of all points that satisfy {x|x < 3 or x 5}.

3 2 1

Holt Algebra 2

(, 3) U [5, )

2-8

Check It Out! Example 1a

Solve the compound inequality. Then graph the solution set. x 2 < 1 OR 5x 30

x2<1

or

x<3 The solution set is all points that satisfy {x|x < 3 U x 6}.

1

Holt Algebra 2

5x 30 x6

(, 3) U [6, )

2-8

Check It Out! Example 1b

Solve the compound inequality. Then graph the solution set. 2x 6 AND x > 4 Solve both inequalities for x.

2x 6

x 3

and

x > 4

x<4

The solution set is the set of points that satisfy both {x|x 3 x < 4}. U

[3, 4)

1 2 3 4 5

4 3 2 1 0

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Check It Out! Example 1c

Solve the compound inequality. Then graph the solution set. x 5 < 12 OR 6x 12 Solve both inequalities for x.

x 5 < 12

x < 17

or

6x 12

x2

Because every point that satisfies x < 2 also satisfies x < 2, the solution set is {x|x < 17}. (-, 17)

2

Holt Algebra 2

10 12 14 16 18 20

2-8

Check It Out! Example 1d

Solve the compound inequality. Then graph the solution set. 3x < 12 AND x + 4 12 Solve both inequalities for x. 3x < 12 x < 4 and x + 4 12 x8

The solution set is the set of points that satisfy both {x|4 < x 8}.

(4, 8]

2

Holt Algebra 2

9 10 11

2-8

Recall that the absolute value of a number x, written |x|, is the distance from x to zero on the number line. Because absolute value represents distance without regard to direction, the absolute value of any real number is nonnegative.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Absolute-value equations and inequalities can be represented by compound statements. Consider the equation |x| = 3. The solutions of |x| = 3 are the two points that are 3 units from zero. The solution is a disjunction: x = 3 or x = 3.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

The solutions of |x| < 3 are the points that are less than 3 units from zero. The solution is a conjunction: 3 < x < 3.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

The solutions of |x| > 3 are the points that are more than 3 units from zero. The solution is a disjunction: x < 3 or x > 3.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Helpful Hint Think: Greator inequalities involving > or symbols are disjunctions.

Think: Less thand inequalities involving < or symbols are conjunctions.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Note: The symbol can replace <, and the rules still apply. The symbol can replace >, and the rules still apply.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

|3 + k| = 10 This can be read as the distance from k to 3 is 10. Rewrite the absolute value as a disjunction. Add 3 to both sides of each equation.

3 + k = 10 or 3 + k = 10

k = 13 or k = 7

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Rewrite the absolute value as a disjunction. x = 16 or x = 16

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Check It Out! Example 2a

|x + 9| = 13 This can be read as the distance from x to +9 is 4.

x + 9 = 13 or x + 9 = 13

Subtract 9 from both sides of each equation.

x=4

or

x = 22

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Check It Out! Example 2b

|6x| 8 = 22

|6x| = 30 6x = 30 or 6x = 30 x=5 or x = 5

Rewrite the absolute value as a disjunction. Divide both sides of each equation by 6.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

You can solve absolute-value inequalities using the same methods that are used to solve an absolute-value equation.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

|4q + 2| 10 4q + 2 10 or 4q + 2 10 4q 8 q 2 or 4q 12 or q 3 Rewrite the absolute value as a disjunction. Subtract 2 from both sides of each inequality.

Divide both sides of each inequality by 4 and reverse the inequality symbols.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Example 3A Continued

{q|q 2 or q 3}

(, 2] U [3, )

3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

To check, you can test a point in each of the three region. |4(3) + 2| 10 |14| 10

Holt Algebra 2

|4(0) + 2| 10

|2| 10 x

|4(4) + 2| 10 |14| 10

2-8

Solve the inequality. Then graph the solution. |0.5r| 3 3 |0.5r| 0 Isolate the absolute value as a disjunction.

0.5r 0 or 0.5r 0

Divide both sides of each r 0 or r 0 inequality by 0.5. The solution is all real numbers, R. (, )

3 2 1

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Check It Out! Example 3a

|4x 8| > 12

4x 8 > 12 or 4x 8 < 12

4x > 20 or 4x < 4

Rewrite the absolute value as a disjunction. Add 8 to both sides of each inequality. Divide both sides of each inequality by 4.

x>5

Holt Algebra 2

or

x < 1

2-8

Check It Out! Example 3a Continued

3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

To check, you can test a point in each of the three region. |4(2) + 8| > 12 |4(0) + 8| > 12 |8| > 12 x |4(6) + 8| > 12

|16| > 12

Holt Algebra 2

|32| > 12

2-8

Check It Out! Example 3b Solve the inequality. Then graph the solution. |3x| + 36 > 12

|3x| > 24 3x > 24 or x > 8 or 3x < 24 x<8 Isolate the absolute value as a disjunction.

Divide both sides of each inequality by 3.

3 2 1

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Example 4A: Solving Absolute-Value Inequalities with Conjunctions Solve the compound inequality. Then graph the solution set.

|2x +7| 3

2x + 7 3 and 2x + 7 3

Rewrite the absolute value as a conjunction.

2x 4 and

x 2 and

Holt Algebra 2

2x 10

x 5

Divide both sides of each inequality by 2.

2-8

Example 4A Continued

6 5 3 2 1

3 4

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Solve the compound inequality. Then graph the solution set. Multiply both sides by 2, and reverse the inequality symbol. Rewrite the absolute value as a conjunction. Add 2 to both sides of each inequality.

|p 2| 6

|p 2| 6 and p 2 6

p 4 and

p8

Because no real number satisfies both p 4 and p 8, there is no solution. The solution set is .

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Check It Out! Example 4a

|x 5| 8 x 5 8 and x 5 8 x 13 and x 3

Multiply both sides by 2. Rewrite the absolute value as a conjunction. Add 5 to both sides of each inequality.

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Check It Out! Example 4

10

10

15

20

25

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Check It Out! Example 4b

Solve the compound inequality. Then graph the solution set. 2|x +5| > 10 |x + 5| < 5 x + 5 < 5 and x + 5 > 5 Divide both sides by 2, and reverse the inequality symbol. Rewrite the absolute value as a conjunction. Subtract 5 from both sides of each inequality.

Because no real number satisfies both x < 10 and x > 0, there is no solution. The solution set is .

Holt Algebra 2

2-8

Lesson Quiz: Part I

4 3 2 1 0 1

{y|y 2 or y > 4}

2 3 4 5

4 3 2 1 0

Holt Algebra 2

4. |5b| 7 = 13 +4

2-8

Lesson Quiz: Part II

Solve. Then graph the solution. 5. |1 2x| > 7 {x|x < 3 or x > 4}

4 3 2

1 0

6. |3k| + 11 > 8 R

4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5

7. 2|u + 7| 16

Holt Algebra 2

- Basic Engineering Correlation (Admath)Uploaded byMarielle Gatchalian
- Differential-Equations.pdfUploaded byJosé Manuel Pais-Chanfrau
- 10th Ncert Exempler FullUploaded byAnish Talwar
- Solving Inequalities ActivityUploaded byjdegroff75
- June 2014 (R) QP - C1 Edexcel.pdfUploaded byhazard
- DCC MS Course Selection Book 2015-2016Uploaded byKurtis Francis
- chapter 9 solutionsUploaded byapi-209868636
- Syllabus of Maharashtra BoardUploaded byedurite_team
- Neoclassical Growth ModelUploaded bySusmita Sapkota Sigdel
- road to a star fmUploaded bySyafiq Kay
- OLEVEL ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS REVISION NOTES BY FAHMEED RAJPUT.docUploaded byTanishq Desai IX
- C3 Paper A ShortUploaded byxAfgun
- Integration Smktb2010Uploaded bycgnash
- fem_introUploaded bymutthudarur
- MSC question paperUploaded byramesh77c
- E-eng-vt98Uploaded byEpic Win
- Non-Routine Problems 2003Uploaded byzuely1
- 33sSolver2Uploaded byGilcileneNascimento
- algebra1section7 1Uploaded byapi-358505269
- writing and solving systems rubric 1Uploaded byapi-241684995
- 1_Equations and InequalitiesUploaded byyaw197
- algebra1section7 3Uploaded byapi-358505269
- LAB No 2Uploaded byHabib Faridoon
- course description.pdfUploaded bySkyezine Via Kit Fox
- aime 2015 2Uploaded byJanus Lennoriel Almazan Catipay
- MCQ-NA-A.docxUploaded byvrsafe
- What's a Compound InequalityUploaded byArturo Sierra
- Seminar Add Maths F4 1-4.pdfUploaded byAnonymous bwVxI8Y8W
- Sylabus (Kelas X) Rev (MHT)Uploaded byDarsono Ono
- aug22-sept 8 algebraUploaded byapi-327299670

- Ten_RulesUploaded byConceição Vilella
- 7.4Uploaded byConceição Vilella
- 1p1Uploaded byConceição Vilella
- 3fl01_2013Uploaded byConceição Vilella
- Ke ModelUploaded byConceição Vilella
- E7114_P8H77-V_LEUploaded byConceição Vilella
- exam3-08solUploaded byConceição Vilella
- exam2-08solUploaded byConceição Vilella
- M14F99EX3Uploaded byConceição Vilella
- exam1-08Uploaded byConceição Vilella

- 6 2 evaluating and graphing polynomial functionsUploaded byapi-200092859
- Spectral Sequences - Brandon WilliamsUploaded byMario Carrasco
- Factoring_Polynomials.pdfUploaded byAdrian Cadiz
- simplex methodUploaded byTamrika Tyagi
- algebra 2 syllabus 2016-2017Uploaded byapi-281499569
- DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY OF CURVES AND SURFACES Minkowski-Rafael Lopes.pdfUploaded byAlex Inchicaque Ramirez
- Learning Math on Your Own1Uploaded byalex7489
- metode annum BAB 9Uploaded byIcshan Pratowo
- Xi Most Imp 2017Uploaded bySindhu Jatt
- c 3 PolynomialsUploaded byShe Quintos
- 9709_s04_qp_3Uploaded byAnonymous F8kQ7L4
- EXISTENCE AND UNIQUENESS OF SOLUTIONS TO SYSTEM OF LINEAR EQUATIONS AND INTEGRAL EQUATIONS USING BANACH FIXED-POINT THEOREM.Uploaded byIJAR Journal
- On the Differentiability of Multivariable Functions - Pradeep Kumar PandeyUploaded byHenry Rojas
- Partial Differentiation - GATE Study Material in PDFUploaded byTestbook Blog
- Quantitative Methods for Management SciencesUploaded bySumudu Adikari
- Grade8-116648-2-3086Uploaded byMallikharjuna Kosuru
- AlgebraUploaded bySuhas Mahesh
- Basic Algebra and Geometry Made a Bit Easier: Concepts Explained In Plain English, Practice Exercises, Self-Tests, and ReviewUploaded byLarry Zafran
- Analytic Geometry With Introduction to Vector AnalysisUploaded byBenedick A. Ganzo
- Ex 1 1 FSC Part2Uploaded bySaher Bano
- NCERT Xtract - Objective Mathem - Disha ExpertsUploaded byDev Patel
- Notes on Set Theory and the Real Number SystemUploaded byNabeel Iqbal
- statics_13esi_solutions-manual_c02-180897.pdfUploaded byKavinesh Ananthan
- MATH1131-1141-Algebra-Notes-2019T1.pdfUploaded byalex demskoy
- Z_ENRG_213_Fall_2016.29773622.Assignment_1.pdfUploaded byAnonymous r3Fh9M
- IB 03change Axes(8 10)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- [a. a. Kirillov] Elements of the Theory of RepreseUploaded bywillmate
- HWSolns_Math105_Sp2013Uploaded byGlazylynCortezPalo
- 88324 Control System - Solution Assignment 7 - 2010Uploaded byresal3000
- 463Uploaded byAliBaranIşık