You are on page 1of 32

Animal/Dairy Science 434

Lec 3: Male Reproductive Tract Anatomy

Learning Objectives
• To be able to describe the male reproductive system in the bull.
– Structure – Function

Testis Factory Factory

9 •• 1-25 1-25X X10 109sperm/day sperm/day •• “Plant” “Plant”must mustbe beair air conditioned conditioned

Epididymis Finishing FinishingSchool School
•• Fluid FluidAbsorption Absorption 9 •• 8-25 X 8-25 X10 109sperm sperm
–– membrane membranechanges changes –– nuclear & flagellar nuclear & flagellar stabilization stabilization –– motility, motility,fertility fertility –– cytoplasmic cytoplasmicdroplet droplet translocation translocation

Penis
Delivery DeliverySystem System •• Erection Erection •• Protrusion Protrusion •• Ejaculation Ejaculation

Tail of Epididymis Warehouse Warehouse and andDelivery Delivery 9
•• Storage Storage10-50 10-50X X10 109sperm sperm •• Sperm for 5-10 ejaculates Sperm for 5-10 ejaculates •• Smooth Smoothmuscle musclecontractions contractions upon uponsexual sexualstimulation stimulation

Accessory Sex Glands Alterations & Packaging Alterations & Packaging •
• Metabolic Metabolicsubstrates substrates •• Surface coatings Surface coatings •• Transport Transportfor forsperm sperm

Bull Reproductive Tract .

Reproductive Organs of the Bull .

Reproductive Organs of the Bull Testis .

Bull Testis Tunica Vaginalis • parietal • visceral Tunica Albuginea .

Bull Tract • • • Thermosensor Radiator Protective sac Scrotum .

Bull Tract Longitudinal Section Cross Section .

Scrotal Cross Section testicular parenchyma mediastinum .

Testis Testicular Parenchyma Mediastinum .

Structure of the Testis Seminiferous Tubule Tunica Albuginea Rete Testis (within the mediastinum) .

Rete Testis Mediastinum Seminiferous Tubule The Testis .

Structure of the Testis Seminiferous Tubule Tunica Albuginea Rete Testis (within the mediastinum) .

Structure of the Testis a!ut E!idid"mis Vas Efferentia 6-12 tubules S!ermatic ord Vas #eferens • Vasectomy or!us E!idid"mis auda E!idid"mis .

Structure of the Testis a!ut E!idid"mis Vas Efferentia 6-12 tubules S!ermatic ord Vas #eferens • Vasectomy Seminiferous Tubule Tunica Albuginea or!us E!idid"mis Rete Testis (within the mediastinum) auda E!idid"mis .

8 ng T/ml . lymphatic and nerves • Heat exchanger • Houses cremaster muscle $am!iniform $le%us Testicular Arter" Pampiniform Plexus • Counter Current Exchange  39°C .Spermatic Chord • Vascular.4.34°C  70 ng T/ml .

Testis Arterial Pulse .

Spermatic Chord Vas Deferens Cremaster Muscle Pampiniform Plexus Parietal Tunica Vaginalis .

Bull Tract Tunica Dartos .

Contraction of the Tunica Dartos Testis Tunica Dartos • Smooth muscle • Androgen dependent (Testosterone) .

Bull Tract Gubernaculum .

Bull Tract Pelvic Genitalia .

Pelvic Genitalia of the Bull Pelvic Urethra Muscle .

.

Bulb of the Penis .

Reproductive Organs of the Bull Rectum Seminal Vesicles Ampulla Bladder Prostate Cowpers Gland Vas Deferens Retractor Penis Muscle Sigmoid Flexure Glans Penis Caput Epididymis Scrotum Testis Gubernaculum Cauda Epididymis .

Cross Section of Bull Penis .

Penis Cross Section Corpus Cavernosum Urethra Corpus Spongiosum .

Arterial Supply .

Glans Penis .

Glans Glans Penis Penis .