Folk Tale

HISTORY
• The word 'folklore' was first used by the English antiquarian William Thoms in a letter published in 1846

• Johann Gottfried von Herder was the first to campaign the deliberate recording. • The preservation of folklore was to document the authentic spirit, tradition, and identity of the peoples of the world.

DEFINITION
According to Hamilton and Mitch: A Folk Tale is a story which has been handed down from person to person for generations and generations. Therefore, one of the most important identifying features of a folk tale is that it belongs to an entire culture, rather than to an individual.

Description
Folktale is the body of expressive culture. Folklore, in nature, is traditional. All the traditional approaches of people of particular area are subject matter of folklore. They include: • • • • • • • • Customs Beliefs Behavior Drama Dances Art Painting sculpture

Description
• A folktale is a type of traditional story that tries to explain or understand the world. Such stories were initially passed down orally through the generations. These stories feature morals or lessons. • The stories usually take place long ago in a faraway place and are woven around talking animals, royalty, peasants, or mythical creatures.

Nature
• In a folktale, goodness is always rewarded. Heroes and heroines live happily ever after while villains are suitably punished. Throughout the generations, the story may change but its core remains the same. • Folktales usually have no identified author, but they represent the values and culture of the society from which they originated.

Types of Folktales
Various types of folktales exist in the world today 1-A cumulative folktale: A plotless story where events follow a repetitious pattern Example: • The House That Jack Built • There Was an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly

2-Animal folktales Animals who speak like humans. These stories teach lessons about the rewards of being brave, independent, and clever Example: • The Three Little Pigs • The Three Billy Goats Gruff

Types of Folktales
3- Humorous folktales Silly stories about characters who do ridiculous things and make funny mistakes Example: (A good example of this type is the story ) Jack and the Three Sillies

4- A realistic folktale Very little magic and features a realistic plot, setting, and characters Example: Blue Beard (is a prime example of this type).

Impact
Reading a folktale provides a glance into cultures of world, allowing the reader to gain insight into the values and customs of the society that produced the particular oral tale. Children and adults all over the world continue to enjoy reading and listening to folktales because such stories spark the imagination and transport their audiences to distant lands.

ROMEO AND JULIET

Author: William Shakespear

Heer Ranjha

Author: Syed Waris Shah

Sohni Mahiwal

Author: Fazal Shah

Laila Majnu

Author: Nizami (Persian Poet)

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