Module 3

Configuring a Router

Version 3.1


CLI Command Modes

Version 3.1


Basic Steps to Configure a Router
1. Configure hostname 2. Configure passwords
• • • Enable / enable secret Console Virtual terminal (vty)

3. Configure interfaces 4. Configure routing protocol 5. Configure hostname table
Version 3.1 3

Configuring the Router Hostname
Router#config t Router(config)#hostname Router_A Router_A(config)#exit Router_A#

Version 3.1


Password Configuration
• Passwords are set for: – privileged EXEC mode • Enable password (not used if secret password is set) • Enable secret password (restricts going from user to privileged) – line passwords • console interface • VTY or virtual terminals

Version 3.1


Password Configuration
• Setting Passwords are set for: – privileged EXEC mode • Enable password
– Router(config)#enable password password

• Enable secret password
– Router(config)#enable secret password

Version 3.1


Password Configuration
• Setting Passwords are set for: – line passwords • console interface
– Router(config)#line console 0 – Router(config-line)#password password – Router(config-line)#login

• VTY or virtual terminals
– Router(config)#line vty 0 4 – Router(config-line)#password password – Router(config-line)#login

Version 3.1


Password Configuration
• Password Encryption may set – The service password-encryption command may be used to set passwords to not display in clear text when viewing running configuration.
– – – – Router(config)#line console 0 Router(config-line)#password password Router(config-line)#login Router(config-line)#service passwordencryption

– Secret password is always encrypted even when the command above is not used
Version 3.1 8

If no password is set for virtual terminal sessions, no one can log into the router using a virtual terminal session Can set 5 different passwords for the VTY lines
Version 3.1

Password Configuration


show commands
• show interfaces – stats on the router interfaces • show controllers serial – hardware info re serial interfaces • show clock – Shows the time set in the router • show hosts – Displays a cached list of host names and addresses • show users – Displays all users who are connected to the router • show history – history of commands • show flash – info about flash memory and the IOS’s stored there
Version 3.1 10

show commands
• show version – info about router and IOS running in RAM • show ARP – Displays the ARP table of the router • show protocol – Displays the global and interface specific status of any configured Layer 3 protocols • show startup-configuration – Displays the saved configuration located in NVRAM • show running-configuration – Displays the configuration currently running in RAM

Version 3.1


Configuring a serial interface

Version 3.1


Configuring a serial interface
Router#config t Router(config)#interface serial 0/0 Router(config-if)#ip address Router(config-if)#clock rate 56000 (if DCE is connected) Router(config-if)#no shutdown A router is by default administratively down, until it is brought up

A router is by default a DTE device – 2 routers are usually not joined together – there is an intervening device that provides the clocking between. If there is no other device supplying a clock signal to the link, then one must be configured on the router.
Version 3.1 13

Configuring a router

Both steps are used to remove an existing configuration
Version 3.1 14

Configuring an Ethernet interface
Router#config t Router(config)#interface ethernet 0 Router(config-if)#ip address Router(config-if)#no shutdown

Router#config t Router(config)#interface fastethernet 0 Router(config-if)#ip address Router(config-if)#no shutdown
Version 3.1 15

Importance of Configuration Standards
• Helps reduce complexity • Limits unplanned downtime • Limits events that may impact network performance

Version 3.1


Interface Descriptions
Identifies important information as to what the interface is connected to
Ft_Worth#config t Ft_Worth(config)#interface serial 0 Ft_Worth(config-if)#description WAN link to San Antonio Ft_Worth(config-if)#ip address Ft_Worth(config-if)#no shutdown

Version 3.1


Login Banners
• They are seen by everyone (telnet, AUX port, console port) • Can convey message to all users • Might want to include a warning not to access the device • Use a delimiting character before and after
Router#config t Router(config)#banner motd # Authorized Users Only!!! #

Version 3.1


Host Name Resolution
•A global configuration command •Router(config)# ip host name ip addresses •Router(config)# ip host Dallas •Matches static name with IP address •Might think of it as a convenience – not necessary, but convenient to use names instead of addresses •Instead of using telnet or ping, with a host name resolution table just use ping NAME or telnet NAME
Version 3.1 19

• Used to save a copy of the configuration on a computer • Router#copy running-config tftp • Software has to be set up beforehand and running • You will be prompted for information about IP address of tftp server and the file name

Version 3.1


Saving Configuration Files

Version 3.1


Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer: Get 4 months of Scribd and The New York Times for just $1.87 per week!

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times