Module 3

Configuring a Router

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CLI Command Modes

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Basic Steps to Configure a Router
1. Configure hostname 2. Configure passwords
• • • Enable / enable secret Console Virtual terminal (vty)

3. Configure interfaces 4. Configure routing protocol 5. Configure hostname table
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Configuring the Router Hostname
Router#config t Router(config)#hostname Router_A Router_A(config)#exit Router_A#

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Password Configuration
• Passwords are set for: – privileged EXEC mode • Enable password (not used if secret password is set) • Enable secret password (restricts going from user to privileged) – line passwords • console interface • VTY or virtual terminals

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Password Configuration
• Setting Passwords are set for: – privileged EXEC mode • Enable password
– Router(config)#enable password password

• Enable secret password
– Router(config)#enable secret password

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Password Configuration
• Setting Passwords are set for: – line passwords • console interface
– Router(config)#line console 0 – Router(config-line)#password password – Router(config-line)#login

• VTY or virtual terminals
– Router(config)#line vty 0 4 – Router(config-line)#password password – Router(config-line)#login

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Password Configuration
• Password Encryption may set – The service password-encryption command may be used to set passwords to not display in clear text when viewing running configuration.
– – – – Router(config)#line console 0 Router(config-line)#password password Router(config-line)#login Router(config-line)#service passwordencryption

– Secret password is always encrypted even when the command above is not used
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If no password is set for virtual terminal sessions, no one can log into the router using a virtual terminal session Can set 5 different passwords for the VTY lines
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Password Configuration

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show commands
• show interfaces – stats on the router interfaces • show controllers serial – hardware info re serial interfaces • show clock – Shows the time set in the router • show hosts – Displays a cached list of host names and addresses • show users – Displays all users who are connected to the router • show history – history of commands • show flash – info about flash memory and the IOS’s stored there
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show commands
• show version – info about router and IOS running in RAM • show ARP – Displays the ARP table of the router • show protocol – Displays the global and interface specific status of any configured Layer 3 protocols • show startup-configuration – Displays the saved configuration located in NVRAM • show running-configuration – Displays the configuration currently running in RAM

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Configuring a serial interface

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Configuring a serial interface
Router#config t Router(config)#interface serial 0/0 Router(config-if)#ip address 192.10.10.1 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)#clock rate 56000 (if DCE is connected) Router(config-if)#no shutdown A router is by default administratively down, until it is brought up

A router is by default a DTE device – 2 routers are usually not joined together – there is an intervening device that provides the clocking between. If there is no other device supplying a clock signal to the link, then one must be configured on the router.
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Configuring a router

Both steps are used to remove an existing configuration
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Configuring an Ethernet interface
Ethernet
Router#config t Router(config)#interface ethernet 0 Router(config-if)#ip address 192.10.10.1 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)#no shutdown

FastEthernet
Router#config t Router(config)#interface fastethernet 0 Router(config-if)#ip address 192.10.10.1 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)#no shutdown
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Importance of Configuration Standards
• Helps reduce complexity • Limits unplanned downtime • Limits events that may impact network performance

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Interface Descriptions
Identifies important information as to what the interface is connected to
Ft_Worth#config t Ft_Worth(config)#interface serial 0 Ft_Worth(config-if)#description WAN link to San Antonio Ft_Worth(config-if)#ip address 192.10.10.1 255.255.255.0 Ft_Worth(config-if)#no shutdown

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Login Banners
• They are seen by everyone (telnet, AUX port, console port) • Can convey message to all users • Might want to include a warning not to access the device • Use a delimiting character before and after
Router#config t Router(config)#banner motd # Authorized Users Only!!! #

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Host Name Resolution
•A global configuration command •Router(config)# ip host name ip addresses •Router(config)# ip host Dallas 192.168.1.23 192.168.2.57 •Matches static name with IP address •Might think of it as a convenience – not necessary, but convenient to use names instead of addresses •Instead of using telnet 192.10.10.1 or ping 192.10.10.1, with a host name resolution table just use ping NAME or telnet NAME
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TFTP SERVER
• Used to save a copy of the configuration on a computer • Router#copy running-config tftp • Software has to be set up beforehand and running • You will be prompted for information about IP address of tftp server and the file name

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Saving Configuration Files

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