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Interaction living thing

Cooperation , competition
Cooperation fair situasion
Everybody get present
Competition have winner
compete food, space and water
Territory also shelter
Will eliminate for loser
Limited food and water
Get “sweety” for mate
Defend for territory
Event shelter ( rhythm : Polly put the kettle on )
1. Interaction = interaksi
2.Competition = persaingan
3.Limited resource = sumber terhad
4.Territory = wilayah
5.Breeding = pembiakan
6.Mate = pasangan
7.Defend = mempertahankan
8.Space = ruang
9.Shelter = tempat perlindungan
Plant are eaten by herbivore and carnivore
The smaller herbivore become a prey or food for carnivore
The herbivore and carnivore become food for omnivore
The interdependence among living thing is known interaction

Animals cooperate with one another in

order to survive.
They form partnership with other animals
They help each other for food, transport
shelter and protection
Example : i. Sea anemone and crab
ii. Mynas and the buffaloes
iii. The baboon and the antelopes
iv. The remora(fish) and the shark

1. On other hand , if the party gets the

benefit and the other party “ suffer”
such interaction is called competition
2. This is happen when the animals
involve in a tussle of getting the same
3. The animals compete because they
aquire the resources, which are limited
 Among animals and
plant live in the
same habitat.
 2 or more living
things have the
occur same need that are
 Among animals of
the same species
 Between different
species of animals.
 Food and water are basic need of animals.
 Can occur when the food and water
resources are limited
 The more limited the food and water
resources are, the more intense the
competition will be.
 If the food and water resources
abundant . Animals do not need to
compete for them
 Occur among the same species
 Occurs when two male animals
fight for a mate
 Animals need mate to ensure the
survival of species
 During mating season , animals
trying to mate
 Animals need shelter to live.
 Occur when animal looking for shelter
or defending their own shelter.
 Animals need to be in control of a
certain territory that provides them
with food, water and shelter
 Occur when an animal or a group of
animals are looking for a new territory
or defending their own territory.
 The winner will gain control of the food,
water, resources, shelter, and territory
and also get mate.
 The weaker animal or the loser will
eliminated from the habitat or died.
 Compete for sunlight, water, nutrient
and space
 If more plant grow in an area, the
competition in that area gets more
 Plant are rooted to the ground .
 Since all green plants are producer,
they do not compete for food.
 They still need sunlight, water , carbon
dioxide, nutrient and space to make
 Plant get water and nutrient from soil
 The nutrient are absorbed by the root
and used for plant growth.
 Nutrient are needed by plants for
healthy growth and development.
 When these resource are limited , plant
have to compete among themselves.
 Competition involve plant same
species called intraspecies
 Competition involve plant different
species called interspecies
Effect of competition
Observation Inferences
Died early or growth does not Not enough nutrient
Stunted growth Not enough nutrient and water
Wrinkle leaves, Not enough nutrient
leaves became thick, curled and
Pale green leaves, red or purple
spot on leaves,
Yellow edge leaves
Leaves distorted and form cup
Abnormal growth
Poor root growth
Thin and small stems
The tips of the young shoot die
Weak stems
Producing less yield
Effect of competition
Observation Inference
The plant wilt and loss its turgidity Not enough water

The plant grow taller but with thin Not enough sunlight
The intraspecies competition more Because the resources need by the
intense than interspecies plant of similar species are
exactly the same.
Example :
The plant have fewer growth Example :
Corn plant need the same amount
of nitrates . When corn plant
compete among themselves , they
use exactly the same resource.
Example :
The corn plants grow faster and Example:
bigger than paddy plants . If the corn plant complete with
paddy plants.
Because corn plant have longer
HSP 1.3 Give examples
Understanding the of extinct animals
of human beings in
protecting Give examples
Endangered species of endangered

Give examples
of endangered
Suggest ways to
prevent animals and
plants from extinction.
Explain why certain
Animals or plants
are facing the
threat of extinction.
food medicine


s Clothes
Food medicine


furniture Accessorie
 The phenomenon when the certain
animal species become rare to find
and cease to exist is called extinction
 Extinction means then permanent
disappearance of a living species.
1. Before plant species becomes extinct, their
numbers will decline.
2. If the numbers continue to decrease, the species
become rare, that called endangered.
3. Endangered species means those which are facing
the threat of extinction .
4. To prevent extinction, these endangered species
must be protected and preserved
 The phenomenon when the certain
plant species become rare to find and
cease to exist is called extinction
 Extinction means then permanent
disappearance of a living species.
Factors of plant and animal
facing extinction
 Deforestation –  Destroyed plant
process of cutting and animal.
down and
removing trees for
timber, open space
for growing crops
or animal farming
Factors of plant and
animal facing extinction
 Environment
pollutant- by
releasing toxic
gases and
substance such as
lead , carbon
monoxide, sulphur
dioxide and
nitrogen oxide.
Factors of plant and
animal facing extinction
 Agrochemical in
pollute the soil and
 This kill many
Factors of plant and
animal facing extinction
 Excessive and
illegal logging
 Conservation areas-  Forest reserve
agricultural,  National park
development  State park
activities , collecting
plant or plants part
 Wildlife sanctuaries
hunting, killing of  Marine park
animal are not
 Keeping and  Zoo
breeding them in  Bota Kanan River
captivity because Terrapin
the eggs are conservation
collected to be sold
and eaten.
 Enforcement Law to  Protection of wildlife
protect wildlife Act( Peninsular
 Fauna Conservation
Ordinance (Sabah)
 Wildlife Protection
 Educating the public  Poster
and enhancing  Wildlife Day
awareness  Campaigns
 School curriculum
 NGO- Malaysia
Nature Society
1. Illegal and excessive logging.
2. Excessive Clearing of forests to build
roads, highway, industrial parks and
housing estates.
3. Improper management of mining
3. Improper management of mining
4. Illegal and excessive hunting.
5. Improper management of waste from
6. Improper management of waste from
7. Excessive use of fertilizers, pesticides
and herbicides in agriculture.
8. Heavy usage of motor vehicles.