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TOPIC health agencies in Pakistan at local material and international level SUBJECT: community health nursing

CLASS: BSCN- 2nd Semester Course no;710 presented by Mr. Irfan channa FACULTY: Madam Syeda Almas
DATED: 02 /04 /2014

Ground rules
Turn off your mobile If you have any problems or urgency you can leave class without any disturbances Question and answering are asked and the end of presentation Don't discuses during presentation with each other

At the end of this presentation learner will be able to: Define international agencies Describe the objective and function WHO Describe activities of WHO Define UNICEF and activities Function of UNICEF in Pakistan Define Red Cross international agencies and function in Pakistan Elaborate the function of USAID in Pakistan

International agencies
An organization with global mandates, generally funded by contributions from national governments. Examples include the International Committee of the Red Cross

World health organization (who)

Who is one of the specialized agencies of united nation, also is a non political health agency. It was established on 7 April 1948; with its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland...

it has present 187 member states. The constitution of the World Health Organization had been signed by all 61 countries of the United Nations by 22 July 1946, with the first meeting of the World Health Assembly Finishing on 24 July 1948.

Objective of WHO
The main objective of WHO is the achievement by all peoples of highest level of health health is a state of complete ,physical ,mental and social well being and not merely the absent of disease .the enjoyment of highest possible standard of health is ,one fundamental right of every human being without distinction of race ,religion political ,belief ,economical and social condition . The achievement of any state in the promotion and protection of health is of value to all, unequal development in different countries in promotion of health and control of disease

especially communicable disease is common danger .healthy development of child is of basic importance, the ability to live harmoniously in a totally changing environment is essentional to such development. The extension to all people of all benefits of medical, psychological and related knowledge is essentional to fullest success of health

Function of WHO
To act as a directing and coordinating authority on international work To establish and maintain in effective collaboration with united nation ,specialized agencies ,government health administration ,professional group such organization as may deemed appropriate To assist governments ,upon request in strengthening heath service To provide upon request of UN health service and facility to special group, such as people of trust territories.

To establish and maintain such administration and technical service as may be required including epidemiological and statically service To stimulate and advance work to eradication epidemic ,endemic ,and other disease

To promote ,in co operation with specializes agencies where necessary the prevention of accidental injuries To promote ,in cooperation with other specialized agencies where necessary the improment of nutrition ,housing ,sanitation ,recreation ,economic ,working condition and enviormental hygine To promote improving teaching and training of health ,medical ,nursing ,health profession

To develop ,establish and promote international standers with respect to food biological ,pharmaceutical and similar products Generally ,to take all necessary action to attain the objective of all organization

Activities of WHO
The WHO assisted projects fall in the following broad categories Control of communicable disease these include parasite ,bacterial ,and viral disease eradication, laboratories facilities and vaccine production Education and training education and training of professional ,technical and auxiliary staff ,grant of fellowships study tours, and conference manpower development .Coordination of medical research and supporting services .

Development of public services public health administration ,organization of medical ,nursing service ,enviormental sanitation ,cancer and cardiovascular ,drug control and vital health statistics


In order to meet the special health needs of different area WHO has organized 6 regional organisalization for the implementation of policies and programme of WHO .there is a regional committee which meet once a year to review health work in region and plan its contribution and development .the regional office is head by regional director .WHO is assisted by technical and administrative officers and member secretariat .

Region South East Asia (India) Africa Brazzamila (Congo) America (USA) Europe Eastern Mediterranean (Egypt) Nuestera pavjer (Philippines



Copenhagen (Denmark) Alexandria


WHO contributes to Pakistan

Control of communicable disease Strengthen the public health administration Improving the enviormental sanitation Improving quality of life of family by MCH care nutrition and health education Provision of education and training of all types of professional and auxiliary health workers WHO function within the country WHO work with and through ministry of health

South East Asia regional office (SEARO) IN nursing education services

Promotion of nurses involvment in policy making planning and management at national and local levels Development of nursing personal system Strengthing basic prepation and continuing education of nursing /midwifery

Strengthening the organization and management of nursing service Development of post /basic gradute preparation of nurses leaders monitoring and evaluation of community oriented programme


UNICEF is one of the specialized agencies of united nation .it was established in 1946 by united nation general assembly to deal with rehabilitation of children in war ravaged countries .In 1953 when emergency function is over the general assembly gave new name united nations children fund, but retained initials UNICEF.The head quarter of UNICEF is in united nation new York UNICEF work in close collaboration, with WHO and specialized agencies of united nations

CHILD HEALTH Child health is major area of activity of UNICEF Maternal and child health services, immunization, family planning, safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and health and nutrition education 2. FORMAL AND NON FORMAL EDUCATION Education activates are a major field of UNICEF

3. SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICE FOR CHILDEREN These activities are not separate project but part of health, nutrition, or home economics extension programme 4. PRIMARY HEALTH CARE UNICEF has been encouraging and cooperating in the extension of maternal and child health service to local or community level for many years

5. IMMUNIZATION UNICEF is supporting in a number of countries the WHO expanded programme of immunization. Which usually delivers a number of vaccinations simultaneously. 6. RURAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION UNICEF has been assisting rural water supply and sanitation project since 1953 initially on conduct demonstration scale 7. CHILD NUTRITION In 1977 ,UNICEF provided stipends to train 17,700 village level nutrition workers, delivering 28,000 metric tone of donation foods (including wheat flour ,rolled oats skim milk ,special weaning foods ,milk)for distribution though nutrition and emergency feeding programme .

8. EMERGENCY RELIEF AND REHABILITATION PROGRAMME Emergency relief accounts for small proportion of UNICEF assistance although often its role is vital in immediate post disaster period .much more UNICEF assistance is providing for medium term reconstruction and rehabilitation service benefiting children.

Children in Pakistan face a variety of serious challenges ranging from malnutrition and poor access to education and health facilities to exploitation in the form of child labour. Their low status in society can leave them victim to daily violence at home and in school as well as to organized trafficking and sexual abuse. Girls are specially affected as conservative attitudes may impede them attending or finishing school.

UNICEF is working with the authorities to improve water quality, promote household latrines and hygiene practices and support school-based water and sanitation in focus districts. UNICEF has supported the rehabilitation of 400 water schemes serving about 320,000 people in earthquake-affected areas.

International Red Cross

Red Cross is a non political, non official international humanitarian voluntary organization devoted to service to mankind in peace and war. It was founded by Swiss business Henry Dunant when travelling north Italy in 1859 and saw the neglect thousand of wounded and dying soldiers in battle of solferino Dunant recruited in volunteers from nearly villagers to help to relief suffering of wounded soldiers..

In 1919 ,the league of red cross society was created with its headquarter in Geneva to coordinate work of national socites.the role of red cross society is to provide humanitarian service to victim of wars natural disasters e.g. flood ,earthquake, service to armed force ,first aid and home nursing ,health education maternal and child health service

Red Cross in Pakistan

Pakistan Red Crescent Society was founded in 1947 after Pakistan's independence by an order called 'The Pakistan Red Cross Order' led by Nurse Saloni Malik. It was later renamed the Red Crescent Society or the Red Crescent Order. Its headquarters are in Islamabad

The Red Crescent society has helped millions of Pakistanis overcome disease and disaster, by offering support services for Pakistanis, which include, food, clean water, and medical services In 2010 after one of the largest floods in Pakistani History, the Red Crescent Society provided much needed support to native Pakistani's who were without food or water.

United States agency for international development

When the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) was created, it brought together several existing foreign assistance organizations and programs. Until then, there had never been a single agency charged with foreign economic development, so with the passage of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 by Congress, U.S. foreign assistance activities undergo a major transformation.

Leading this transformation was President John F. Kennedy. President Kennedy recognized the need to unite development into a single agency responsible for administering aid to foreign countries to promote social and economic development. On November 3, 1961, USAID was born and with it a spirit of progress and improvement. November 3, 2011 marked USAID's 50th Anniversary of providing U.S. foreign development assistance From the American People. Our workforce and USAID's culture continues to serve as a reflection of core American values--values that are rooted in a belief for doing the right thing

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in Pakistan

The primary focus of the U.S. civilian-assistance program is to develop a stable, secure and tolerant Pakistan with a vibrant economy. Working with other U.S. agencies, as well as donors and international development partners, USAID has focused its program over the last year on five areas essential to Pakistans stability and long-term development and reflective of Pakistani priorities: energy, economic growth, stabilization, education and health.

Over the last year, USAID has streamlined the number of projects from approximately 150 to less than 70 and has also chosen to implement over half of all funding through local organizations in Pakistan both government and non-government. Supporting the civilian governments capacity to meet the needs of its citizens is a vital element of USAIDs program, as is working with non-governmental organizations and the private sector

American Red Cross. "American Red Cross Supports Pakistans Response to Worst Flooding in 80 Years" Article. Red Cross. Basavanthappa.B.T (1998) Community Health Nursing 1st edition japee brother New Delhi