Abstinence

DESCRIPTION: No sex or intimate contact until you’re married or mature enough to handle what happens with sexual intimacy. “Outercourse” is a term used to describe intimate contact short of intercourse EFFECTIVENESS: 100% effective if no semen enters the vagina. SIDE EFFECTS: You won’t have to worry about getting pregnant or getting a sexually transmitted infection. And you won’t be loaded down with a relationship that can get sticky and hard to handle. WHERE TO GET IT: You’ve got it! “NO” is one of the first words you ever learned.

. Rhythm or calendar method. EFFECTIVENESS: 85%-97%. communication. WHERE TO GET IT: Clinics or medical professionals offer instruction in the Billings Method. Pretty risky. SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects but no protection against sexually transmitted disease either. The Billings Method: checking cervical mucus to determine women’s fertile period based on changes in vaginal discharge that occur just before she’s fertile. Natural Family Planning demands trust. and a supportive relationship.Natural Family Planning DESCRIPTION: Natural methods that require a lot of self-control from both partners.

in dispensers in men’s and women’s bathrooms. drug stores. .Male Condom DESCRIPTION: Thin latex or polyurethane disposable sheath (should be lubricated with a strong spermicide) worn over the penis during sex. by mail or on internet. A condom should be used even if she is on the pill. WHERE TO GET IT: Condoms and pouches are available at family planning and medical clinics. More effective if used with film or foam. SIDE EFFECTS: If either partner is allergic try another brand. is wearing a diaphragm. a Norplant. EFFECTIVENESS: 86%-98% if used correctly every time. has a IUD. uses Depo Provera. or if she has had a vasectomy to protect against STIs.

SIDE EFFECTS: No. closed ring at other. drug stores. ask your health care provider for suggestions. If you are allergic. open ring just outside body. . Closed ring anchored between cervix and vagina. in dispensers in men’s and women’s bathrooms. EFFECTIVENESS: 79%-95% effective if used perfectly. by mail or on internet. WHERE TO GET IT: Condoms and pouches are available at family planning and medical clinics.Female Condom DESCRIPTION: Pre-lubricated pouch with open ring at one end.

family planning or medical clinic. . the film is placed in the vagina to form a barrier the keeps sperm from entering the uterus. If you experience vaginal. No medical exam or prescription needed. or bladder irritation. 99% effective when using a condom SIDE EFFECTS: Allergy possible. EFFECTIVENESS: 72%-94% effective if used perfectly. use another form of birth control. penile. When folded. containing a strong spermicide.Spermicides (Films) DESCRIPTION: 2”x2” folding film. a little thicker than plastic wrap. WHERE TO GET IT: Drug store. Lots of contraceptives on drug store shelves.

SIDE EFFECTS: Allergy possible. Be sure the product you use contains a strong spermicide to protect you from pregnancy and STIs.DESCRIPTION: Sperm-killing foam OR suppository inserted into vagina before having sex. or bladder irritation. EFFECTIVENESS: 71% effective if foam is used alone (Not good). Lots of contraceptives on drug store shelves. penile. WHERE TO GET IT: Drug store. 98% effective if partner uses a condom too. family planning or medical clinic. If you experience vaginal. No medical exam or prescription needed. use another form of birth control. Spermicides (Foam/Suppositories) .

change to another brand of spermicide. Diaphragm: 80%-94% if used perfectly. 60%-80% effective after. EFFECTIVENESS: Cervical Cap: 80%-90% effective before child birth. Low cost fitting and instruction at family planning clinics.Diaphragm Cervical Cap DESCRIPTION: The diaphragm and cervical cap are barrier birth control devices tailored to fit over the cervix to prevent sperm from entering the uterus. Weight changes damages effectiveness. . SIDE EFFECTS: None unless spermicide causes irritation. Using a diaphragm or cap alone won’t protect you from getting AIDS or other STIs. Caps come in different sizes and have different instructions and can be left in place twice as long. Insist on condom use WHERE TO GET IT: Available from a health care professional or clinic. Get professional advice. If it does.

Major but rare: blood clots. less cramping. Negative. . liver tumors. as prescribed.(Normally disappear within 3 months) May include nausea. Low cost or no cost at many family planning clinics. less benign breast disease. Take the pill. missed periods. SIDE EFFECTS: Positive.Regular periods. at the same time every day whether or not you have sex because it’s the action of the pills that protects you from pregnancy. EFFECTIVENESS: 95%-99% effective if used perfectly. Never borrow a pill from a friend. spotting. gall bladder disease. mood changes. May protect against some forms of cancer.The Pill DESCRIPTION: The pill is made of synthetic hormones almost like those produced by the ovaries. less anemia. You need a prescription. WHERE TO GET IT: By prescription. headaches. dark skin areas. high blood pressure. heart attacks.

and weight gain.IUD (Intrauterine Device) DESCRIPTION: Small plastic or metal device inserted in uterus by a medical professional. Check with your health provider if you experience any unusual symptoms. Possible changes in hair distribution. then little or no menstruation. Expect heavy menstrual periods the first few months. You will be asked to sign a consent form and return for a follow up clinic visit. with longer periods. others. Nylon thread attached for easy checking. no flow. SIDE EFFECTS: Irregular menstrual bleeding at first. EFFECTIVENESS: 97. WHERE TO GET IT: Medical Professional or family planning clinic. May cause cramps or other irritation as body tries to reject IUD. headaches.4%-99% effective. Pricey but protection lasts longer than some other methods. depression. Major but rare: blood clots. Some IUDs may cause heavy menstrual flow. spotting between periods or skipped periods. .

with longer periods. then little or no menstruation. Expect heavy menstrual periods the first few months. Possible changes in hair distribution. Check with your health provider if you experience any unusual symptoms. headaches. depression. . Some IUDs may cause heavy menstrual flow. Major but rare: blood clots. WHERE TO GET IT: Medical Professional or family planning clinic. The shots must be given at specific times by medical professionals. You will be asked to sign a consent form and return for a follow up clinic visit. others. Pricey but protection lasts longer than some other methods. May cause cramps or other irritation as body tries to reject IUD. They work by preventing eggs from being released and fertilized.7% SIDE EFFECTS: Irregular menstrual bleeding at first. and weight gain. no flow. EFFECTIVENESS: 99.Injectable (Depo Provera) DESCRIPTION: Depo Provera is given as a shot that protects you from pregnancy. spotting between periods or skipped periods. Injectables contain chemical similar to hormone released from ovaries during menstrual cycle.

Never borrow a pill from a friend. applied once a week to one of four places. less cramping. WHERE TO GET IT: By prescription. Contraceptive material in patch enters blood stream to protect user against pregnancy. less benign breast disease. EFFECTIVENESS: If used correctly patch is as effective as the contraceptive pill. Low cost or no cost at many family planning clinics. headaches. Major but rare: blood clots.(Normally disappear within 3 months) May include nausea. gall bladder disease. about 2¾ inch square. less anemia. SIDE EFFECTS: Positive. spotting. . heart attacks. dark skin areas.Regular periods. missed periods. adhesive skin patch. 95%-99%. high blood pressure. May protect against some forms of cancer. liver tumors. mood changes. Negative.Skin Patch DESCRIPTION: Contraceptives.

so safety is a concern when choosing a birth control method. Visit a planned parenthood health center. and give you any other medical exam that you may need. . though rare.Nuva Ring DESCRIPTION: The vaginal ring is a small. The hormones that are released work by keeping a woman’s ovaries from releasing eggs. check your blood pressure. Some of these conditions may even rule out using the ring. a clinic. may be more likely if you have certain conditions. Talk with your health care provider to find out if the ring is likely to be safe for you. Serious side effects of the ring. It is left in place for three weeks and taken out for the remaining week each month. flexible ring a woman inserts into her vagina once a month to prevent pregnancy. WHERE TO GET IT: First. But all medications have some risks. Your health care provider will discuss your medical history with you. SIDE EFFECTS: Most women can use NuvaRing safely. you’ll need to get a prescription. or a private health care provider for a prescription. EFFECTIVENESS: 99% effective if used correctly.

STIs and HIV/AIDS WHERE TO GET IT: N/A . EFFECTIVENESS: VERY LOW! SIDE EFFECTS: High risk of pregnancy.Withdrawal (Pulling Out) DESCRIPTION: A man who uses withdrawal will pull his penis out of the vagina before ejaculation — the moment when semen spurts out of his penis.