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 Operating system

 Processor
 Memory
 Display
 Graphics
 Value Additions
 Brands and reviews
 Basic Software.

 Interference between the user,


application programs and
hardware.
 Users interact with the
computer and software
through the OS.
 MS-DOS

 WINDOWS ®

 LINUX

 MAC OS
 Text based Interference (command Prompt).

 Command can be issued to perform file and


disk management and to run programs.
 The results are presented as Text Messages.
 A Graphical User Interface(GUI).

 Instructions through menus and


icons .
 Replaced keyboard input with mouse
operations.
 Windows 1.0
 Windows 2.0
 Windows 386
 Windows 3.0
 Windows 3.1
 Windows 3.11
 Windows 95
 Windows CE
 Windows 98
 Windows NT5.0
 Windows 2000
 Windows XP
 Windows VISTA
 Windows 7
 Open source software.

 Low Graphics required.

 Economical as compared to windows.

 Less power consumption.


 GUI based OS developed by Apple.

 Apple uses only MAC OS

 Designed to be simple & intuitive

 Highly Secured, Compatible & easy to


use
 “Core” or “Brain” of the Computer…..
 Determines pace of handling operation
 Important aspects:
 Speed
 Number of cores
 Leading brands
 Intel
 AMD
 Recommended: 2 GHz
 Volatile Memory
 Stores data while operation
 More memory required for:
 High level graphics editing
 Multitasking
 Recommendation: 2 GB for smooth
vista experience
Non-Volatile storage device
Role
Types of HDD
Conventional HD with spinning platters
Solid state drive (SSD)
Can be easily upgraded or connected to
external drive
Selection Criteria
Leading Manufacturer’s:
Western Digital
Seagate baracuda
Hitachi
 Types of display
 Passive matrix - Is the old technology
and display is cheaper.
 Active matrix (TFT )- Is the latest
technology.
Pictures come out sharper and moving
images play out more smoothly on an
active-matrix (TFT) display.
 SIZE - The screen size dimension of
laptops is measured diagonally
across the screen. Generally, the
screen size ranges between 11 to 17
inches.
 Resolution - Resolution refers to the
amount of pixels across by the
amount of pixels up and down.
Screen Resolutions (in pixels) Possible LCD Sizes Viewable
(diagonal) Megapixels

800×600 (SVGA – standard) 12″ 0.48

1024×768 (XGA – standard) 12″, 13.3″, 14″, 15″ 0.79

1280×800 (WXGA – wide) 15.4″, 14.1″, 13.3, 12.1″ 1.02

1440×900 (WXGA+ – wide) 14″ 1.30

1280×1024 (SXGA – standard) 14″, 15″, 15.7″ 1.31

1400×1050 (SXGA+ – standard) 12.1″, 14″, 15″ 1.47

1680×1050 (WSXGA+ – wide) 15.4″ 1.76

1600×1200 (UXGA – standard) 14″, 15″, 16″ 1.92

1920×1200 (WUXGA – wide) 17″, 15.4″ 2.30


 Integrated graphics – Ram memory is
being used to see graphics and
video.
 Graphic cards:It is an expansion card
whose function is to generate and
output images to a display.
 One also need many other value
additions as follows:
 Safety
 Entertainment Softwares
 Utilities
 Batteries
 Communications
 Avast

 Norton

 Kaspersky 2010

 Bit defender
 Ahead Nero

 Macromedia Flash
Player
 Windows media Player

 CyberLink Power DVD

 Winamp
 Adobe Pack

 Office Suit
 Yahoo messenger

 G Talk

 MSN Messenger

 Skype

 Remote Desktop
 laptologic.com
 laptopical.com
 cnet.com
 notebookreview.com
 pricegrabber.com