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Pengertian Logaritma
Plog

a = m ertinya a = pm
Keterangan:
p disebut bilangan
a disebut bilangan logaritma atau numerasi
dengan a > 0
m disebut hasil logaritma atau eksponen dari
asas

Logaritma dengan basis 10
10log a = m
• Pada bentuk plog a = m, maka:
ditulis log a = m.
• asas 10 pada logaritma tidak perlu dituliskan.
• Contoh:
10log 3  dituliskan log 3
10log 5  dituliskan log 5

plog (a x b) = plog a + plog b 2. 4.plog b 3. plog (a : b) = plog a .Sifat-sifat Logaritma 1. plog (a)n plog n am = n x plog a = plog = m (a) n m plog n a .

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Jika 2log x = 3 Tentukan nilai x = ….Contoh Soalan 1. . Jawab: 2log x = 3  x = 23 x = 8.

. Jika 4log 64 = x Tentukan nilai x = …. Jawab: 4log 64 = x  4x = 64 4x = 44 x = 4.Contoh Soalan 2.

Nilai dari 2log 8 + 3log 9 = …. Jawab: = 2log 8 + 3log 9 = 2log 23 + 3log 32 = 3+2 = 5 .Contoh Soalan 3.

Jawab: = 2log 8 + 2log 16 = 2log 23 + 2log 24 = 3+4 = 7 . Nilai dari 2log (8 x 16) = ….Contoh Soal 4.

Nilai dari 3log (81 : 27) = …. Jawab: = 3log 81 .3log 27 = 3log 34 .Contoh Soal 5.3log 33 = 4-3 = 1 .

Nilai dari 2log 84 = …. Jawab: = 2log 84 = 4 x 2log 23 =4x3 = 12 .Contoh Soalan 6.

Nilai dari 2log 84 = …. Jawab: = 2log 84  = 2 x 2log 23 =2x3 =6 = 4 2 2log 8 .Contoh Soalan 7.

Contoh Soalan 8. Jawab: log 100 = x  10x = 100 10x = 102 x = 2. Jika log 100 = x Tentukan nilai x = …. .

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1.235 .1 log 3 = 0.477 dan log 2 = 0.525 c. 1. 1.301 Nilai log 18 = …. 1.552 b. a.Soalan .255 d.

477) + 0.301 log 18 = log 9 x 2 = log 9 + log 2 = log 32 + log 2 = 2 (0.rumusan log 3 = 0.954 + 0.477 dan log 2 = 0.301 = 0.301 = 1.255 .

1. 1.477 dan log 2 = 0. 1.Jawapan log 3 = 0.525 c.255 d. 1. 1.301 Nilai log 18 = ….552 b. a.255 c.235 .

3 c.301 dan log 5 = 0. 5 . 2 b.2 log 2 = 0.Soalan . 4 d. a.699 Nilai log 5 + log 8 + log 25 = ….

699 + 0.903 + 1.301 dan log 5 = 0.699) = 0.699 = log 5 + log 8 + log 25 = log 5 + log 23 + log 52 = log 5 + 3.log 5 = 0.699 + 3(0.301) + 2(0.log 2 + 2.398 = 3.rumusan log 2 = 0.0 .

699 Nilai log 5 + log 8 + log 25 = …. 3 c. a.Jawapan log 2 = 0. 3 b.301 dan log 5 = 0. 4 d. 5 . 2 b.

674 c. a. 4.674 d.674 b. 1.3 log 4.674 .Soalan .720 = …. 3.674 Nilai dari log 4.72 = 0. 2.

rumusan log 4.674 log 4.72 + log 103 = 0.72 + log 1000 = log 4.72 = 0.674 .720 = log (4.674 + 3 = 3.72 x 1000) = log 4.

674 b.674 .674 Nilai dari log 4. 3.674 d.72 = 0. a. 3.674 c.Jawapan log 4.674 c.720 = …. 1. 2. 4.

130 log 5 = 0.176 d.699. 2. 2.Soalan.4 log 3 = 0. 2. a.477 dan Nilai log 135 = …. 2. .778 b.732 c.

log 135 = log (27 x 5) = log 27 + log 5 = log 33 + log 5 = 3(0.rumusan log 3 = 0.477) + 0.431 + 0.699.130 .699 = 2.477 dan log 5 = 0.699 = 1.

2.778 b. 2. a.130 .477 dan log 5 = 0.130 c.699.176 d.Jawapan log 3 = 0. 2. Nilai log 135 = ….732 d. 2. 2.

5 log 3 = a dan log 2 = b. 2a – b b. Maka log 18 = …. a – 2b . a + 2b d.Soalan. a. 2a + b c.

rumusan log 3 = a dan log 2 = b. log 18 = log (9 x 2) = log 9 + log 2 = log 32 + log 2 = 2.log 3 + log b = 2(a) + b = 2a + b .

a. 2a + b b. Maka log 18 = …. a + 2b d.Jawapan log 3 = a dan log 2 = b. 2a + b c. 2a – b b. a – 2b .

4x b. 6x d.Soalan .6 plog 27 = 3x Maka plog 243 = …. 7x . 5x c. a.

rumusan plog 27 = 3x 33 = p3x Maka: x = 1 dan p = 3 plog 243 = 3log (3)5 = 5.X = 5x .3log 3 = 5.

6x d. 4x b. 5x b. 7x . a. 5x c.Jawapan plog 27 = 3x Maka plog 243 = ….

a.699 b.699 d.7 log 2 = 0.301 c.301 .301 Maka log 50 = …. 1. 0.Soalan . 1. 2.

301 = 1.699 .301 log 50 = log (100 : 2) = log 100 – log 2 = log 102 – log 2 = 2 – 0.rumusan log 2 = 0.

Jawapan Diketahui log 2 = 0.301 c.301 Maka log 50 = …. 2.699 c.699 d. 1. 1.699 b. 0.301 . 1. a.