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The presentation was given on one day workshop on large scale computation at IUAC by P.A Ganai

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Exponential growth in computing power.

We have redefined the class of problems

that we can solve.

Supercomputers ---- Parallel machines.

New algorithms and existing codes need

modifications.

Many body problem.

I. Interaction

II. Model Space

III. Method

Two approaches

I. Mean Field.

II. Shell Model

H|ψ>=E |ψ>

The nuclear Shell-Model is the most general microscopic

nuclear model and is in principle able to describe all

properties of nuclei.

Nuclear Shell-Model calculations in large and realistic

single-particle (s.p.) model spaces are, however, very

difficult to make due to the extremely large Hilbert

space dimensions involved.

The continuous increase in computing power has made

it possible to make progressively larger nuclear

calculations in restricted model spaces. Currently

existing nuclear SMC methods/programs make it

possible to calculate nuclear wave functions exactly in

the model spaces sd and pf and in pf5/2g9/2 model

space with some what truncated calculations.

Nucleons in a mean potential interacting through

residual interactions

Single particle energy （ SPE)

Two-body interaction （ TBME)

H = ∑ ε a na + ∑ +

V (abcd ; JT )AJT ( ab) AJT (cd )

a a ≤ b , c ≤ d , JT

JT

†

AabJT = (1 + δ ab ) −1/ 2 ca† cb†

Closed core + valence shell

0ħω space

p-shell 4

He + 0p3/2, 0p1/2

sd-shell 16

O + 0d5/2, 1s1/2, 0d3/2

pf-shell 40

Ca + 0f7/2, 1p3/2, 1p1/2, 0f5/2

…

nħω space

p-sd, sd-pf, …

For unstable nuclei, large deformation, …

Shell

Model

9. OUR CODE (IUAC-KU) : J- scheme [2005-2006]

The most basic SMC method is the m-scheme method that

uses bare Slater determinants of spherically symmetric s.p.

orbit configurations as its many-body basis states.

The basic problem with the m-scheme SMC is that the

Slater determinant basis dimension is maximal and

therefore a lot of storage (from gigabytes to tens of

gigabytes) is needed for each calculated Lanczos basis

vector in large-scale calculations.

A common method to reduce the large matrix dimensions

of the m-scheme SMC is to use the existing symmetries of

the nuclear Hamiltonian. The j-scheme SMC method uses

angular momentum projected many-body basis states, but

does not have good isospin, and is used in our code (To be

published).

Compared to the m-scheme the j-scheme typically reduces the SMC dimensions

by two orders of magnitude for low-spin states and less for high-spin states.

This property makes it most suitable for low-spin states, such as the ground

states of double-even nuclei..

ADAPTATION OF ALGORITHMS TO PARALLEL PLATFORM

The computer code is written in Fortran Language.

Compilation and execution requires a Fortran 77 compiler

(in build under lynx environment) and at least 3GB of RAM

for sd-shell of system hardware.

Program Structure

Input data files.

( dimen.shell,sjsme.inp,hamilt.inp)

Program files.(basis.f, multibase.f , cfp.f etc)

Out-put files. ( *.out)

Due to moderate Computational facility , we addressed

some problems in sd-shell.

We were trying to address the structure of S33(16,17),Cl36(17,19) and P31(15,16)

with Si28(14,14) core.

The neutron rich nuclei in the fp shell region are at the focus of attention of the

nuclear physics community at present.

Unstable nuclei in this region exhibit many new phenomenon such as appearance of

new magic numbers and disappearance of well established ones, softening of core at

N=28, interplay of collective and single particle properties etc.

Neutron rich fp shell nuclei are also of special interest in astrophysics such as the

electron capture rate in supernovae explosion.

A large number of neutron rich nuclei can be populated by means of binary reactions

such as multi-nucleon transfer and deep inelastic collisions with stable beam. Such

reactions combined with modern detector arrays have increased substantially the

available data on nuclei far from stability

Experimental data on the excited states of neutron rich unstable isotopes of Ca, Ti

and Cr has been made available in recent past (NNDC World Wide Web)

For SMC – Shared system would be ideal

choice( many cores and a huge memory).

We shall be also using HFODD, which solves

HFB equations in three dimensions

with Skyrme Density Functional.

The code is parallel and I am running it on two

core machine (laptop).

Leonardo da vinci

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