SUPERHETRODYNE

SUBMITTED BY: SIMARPREET KAUR 120326104897

INTRODUCATION TORADIO RECEIVERS A radio receiver receives the radio waves from different broadcasting stations. in addition to this radio receiver performs the following functions as: Intercept the radio waves coming from various transmitting stations arrive at the antenna. Pick up the desired modulated radio frequency signal from all other unwanted signals.       . Demodulate or detect the carrier signal. The desired radio waves is selected by the radio frequency amplifier. Amplify the weal signals. These radio waves contain electrical energy in the form of an electromagnetic wave. Reproduce the audio signal. Select the desired station.

. etc. from all other unwanted signals. such as sound. pictures. A radio is an electronic circuit that picks up a desired modulated radio frequency signal. demodulating it an finally producing it in the desired manner which is usable for the consumer. amplifying.

. and  Super-heterodyne radio receiver. Out of theses two. tuned Radio Frequency (TFR) receiver is the oldest one.RECEIVER TYPES Following are the two types of radio receivers:  Tuned radio frequency receiver. over TRF receiver. The super-Heterodyne radio receiver is most popular and being widely used today due to many of its advantages. But it has lots of shortcoming.

In these receivers. . These were introduced before World War II as improvement over crystal and regenerative receivers existing that time. amplifiers (tuned together) are employed to select and amplify the incoming frequency and rejecting all others. signal is detected and amplified suitably. the A.F. After this.TURNED RADIO FREQUENCY (TRF) RECEIVER  Tuned radio frequency (TRF) receiver are also called ‘ simple or straight radio receiver’. two or more R.F.

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e. The receiver also suffers from a variation in the Q factor and the band with of the tuned circuit employed in RF amplifier at different frequencies of band.ADVANTAGES OF TRF RECEIVERS The major advantages of TRF receiver are as follows:  The TRF receivers have high sensitivity.  They are comparatively cheap i. . instability in gain variation of band width over the band. low cost. The receiver works satisfactorily at low and medium frequencies but at higher frequencies it has poor reception of no reception. But the receiver suffers from poor selectivity.

 It has inability to achieve sufficient selectivity at higher frequencies because of the use of large number of single tuned circuits. It is not feasible to use double tuned RF amplifies in TRF receivers due to the difficulty of making several double tuned amplifiers.W. . tuned in unison.) over the tuning rang.LIMITATION OF TRF RECIEVERS The TRF receivers suffer from following drawback  This is a variation in its Band Width(B.

BLOCK DIGRAM OF SUPER-HETERODYNE RADIO RECEIVER .

 High sensitivity and selectivity  .THE BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DIFFERENT BLOCKS OF AM SUPERHETERODYNE RECEIVER RF amplifier  Mixer and local oscillator  IF amplifier  Detector  AF and power amplifier ADVANTAGES OF SUPERHETERODYNE RADIO RECIEVER:  It reduces the signal from very high frequency sources where ordinary components wouldn’t work (like in a radar receiver)  The bandwidth remains constant over entire operating range.  It can be used to improve signal isolation by arithmetic selectivity.  It allows many components to operate at a fixed frequency and therefore they can be optimized or made more inexpensively.

WAVEFORM AT THE INPUT AND OUTPUT OF EACH BLOCK .